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AP Lang Rhetoric Terms > Syntax > Flashcards

Flashcards in Syntax Deck (13)
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1

Inversion

Reversal of normal word order
Function: re-positioning a part of speech can emphasize or underscore

2

Juxtaposition

Placement of two things side by side for emphasis
Function: implies correlation through comparison/contrast or may address varying viewpoints.

3

Anadiplosis

Figure that builds one thought on top of another by taking the last word of a clause and using it to begin the next clause.
Function: Creates emphasis/sense of climax

4

Anaphora

Repeats the first word in succeeding phrases or clauses.
Function: Works well in an emotional address to build a sense of climax

5

Antimetabole

Repetition of words in an inverted order
Function: emphasizes repeated words, sharpens a contrast

6

Antithesis

Parallel structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas
Function: make a point about the contrasts

7

Appositive

Word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun
Function: provides an extra/a concise description

8

Asyndeton

Leaves out conjunctions in a list or between clauses
Function: It can clarify, give the impression of spontaneity, create a fast pace, and invite the audience to continue the list

9

Polysyndeton

Figure that links clauses with a repeated conjunction
Function: Often seen in Bible and conveys urgency and power

10

Epistrophe

Same word or phrase is repeated at the end of multiple clauses or sentences
Function: Repetition at the end emphasizes a final idea, which becomes a kind of "punctuation mark"

11

Parallelism

Use of the same general structure to provide links
Function: maintains equal importance of ideas

12

Conditional

Use of "if...then" clause
Function: suggests cause and effect; but watch that the cause and effect relationship is logical and not a slippery slope fallacy

13

Negative Definition

Technique that defines by explaining what something is NOT; it is generally followed up with an actual definition of what something is.