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Flashcards in Digestive 2 Deck (8)
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1

what are the functions of the stomach

stores food, mechanical breakdown of ingested food (aka chyme), chemical digestion (secretes HCl and Pepsin), minimal absorption

2

how many ml of chyme does the pyloric sphincter allow into the superior duodenum at a time?

3 ml

3

how thick is the mucosa of the stomach?

1mm

4

what makes up the 2L of gastric (digestive) juice that the gastric glands secrete per day?

HCl from parietal cells
Pepsin (proteolytic enzyme) from chief cells

5

during development of the ventral and dorsal parts of the stomach, which develops more rapidly?

The dorsal wall and mesentary grow faster and form the greater curvature and greater omentum

6

during development, after the stomach rotates 90 degrees on its axis to the right, the ventral mesogastrium becomes the lesser omentum as well as which ligament?

falciform ligament

7

what are the contents of the portal triad?

hepatic artery, portal vein, bile duct

8

name the 4 ligaments of the dorsal mesogastrium which are divided by the spleen

gastrophrenic
gastrosplenic
splenorenal (between spleen and kidney & diagram- later fuses with posterior intraperitoneal wall)
greater omentum (gastrocolic)