Digestive Enzymes Flashcards Preview

Biology > Digestive Enzymes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive Enzymes Deck (15):
1

Pancreatic Amylase

Nutrient: Carbohydrate
Production Site: Pancreas
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes starch to maltose and dextrins

2

Maltase

Nutrient: Carbohydrate
Production Site: Intestinal Glands
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes maltose to 2 glucose molecules

3

Isomaltase

Nutrient: Carbohydrate
Production Site: Intestinal Gland
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes isomaltase to 2 glucose molecules

4

Sucrase

Nutrient: Carbohydrate
Production Site: Intestinal Glands
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes sucrose to glucose and fructose

5

Lactase

Nutrient: Carbohydrate
Production Site: Intestinal Gland
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes lactose to glucose and galactose

6

Pepsin(ogen)

Nutrient: Protein
Production Site: Gastric Glands (chief cells)
Function Site: Stomach
Function: Hydrolyzes specific peptide bonds; activated by HCl

7

Trypsin(ogen)

Nutrient: Protein
Production Site: Pancreas (acinar cells)
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes specific peptide bonds; converts chymotrypsinogen to chymotrypsin; activated by enteropeptidase

8

Chymotrypsin(ogen)

Nutrient: Protein
Production Site: Pancreas (acinar cells)
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes specific peptide bonds; activated by trypsin

9

(Pro)carboxy peptidases A and B

Nutrient: Protein
Production Site: Pancreas (acinar cells)
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes terminal peptide bond at carboxy end; activated by enteropeptidase

10

Aminopeptidases

Nutrient: Protein
Production Site: Intestinal Glands
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes terminal peptide bond at amino end

11

Dipeptidases

Nutrient: Protein
Production Site: Intestinal Glands
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes pairs of amino acids

12

Enteropeptidase

Nutrient: Protein
Production Site: Intestinal Gland
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Converts trypsinogen to trypsin and procarboxypeptidases A and B to carboxypeptidases A and B

13

Bile

Nutrient: Lipid
Production Site: Liver (stored in gallbladder)
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Emulsifies fat

14

Lipase

Nutrient: Lipid
Production Site: Pancreas (acinar cells)
Function Site: Duodenum
Function: Hydrolyzes lipids

15

Salivary Amylase

Nutrient: Carbohydrate
Production Site: Salivary Glands
Function Site: Mouth
Function: Hydrolyzes starch to maltose and dextrins