Flashcards in The Digestive System Deck (10):
Oral Cavity-> Pharynx-> Esophagus-> Stomach-> Small Intestine [Duodenum, Jejunem, Ileum]-> Large Intestine-> Rectum-> Anus
The physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller food particles.
The enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds.
-cleavage of peptide bonds in proteins
-cleavage of glycosidic bonds in starches
The oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to create energy.
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal.
Four Accessory Organs of Digestion
Salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
Enteric Nervous System
Wall of the alimentary canal and controls peristalsis. Activity is up-regulated by the parasympathetic nervous system and down-regulated by the sympathetic nervous system.
What two hormones trigger sensation of thirst and encourage behavior of fluid consumption?
ADH and Aldosterone; both secreted by anterior pituitary
Which two hormones stimulate feelings of hunger?
Glucagon and Ghrelin; secreted by the pancreas and stomach