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Flashcards in Digestive Glands Deck (87)
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1

The liver is commonly located in what quadrants?

Upper right and middle abdominal quadrant

2

The liver is almost completely covered by what?

ribs and costal cartilages

3

Largest organ in abdominal cavity

liver

4

mesentery that bridges the liver and anterior abdominal wall between rectus sheaths on the inside of the linea alba

falciform ligament

5

fined thickened lower margin of falciform ligament; it was the umbilical vein in fetus

ligamentum teres

6

the ______ loses its mesentery and attaches to the liver

gall bladder

7

from the anterior view what lobes of the liver are visible?

right and left lobes

8

From the inferior view, what lobes of the liver are visible?

Right, left, quadrate lobe, and caudate lobe

9

What is the largest lobe of the liver?

Right lobe

10

What lobe of the lung is in between the sagittal fissures and is posterior to the horizontal fissure?

Caudate lobe

11

What lobe of the lung is in between the sagittal fissures and is anterior to the horizontal fissure?

Quadrate lobe

12

Which fissure of the liver lines up with the midline of the body?

Left sagittal fissure

13

What is located in the anterior right sagittal fissure?

Gall bladder

14

What is located in the posterior right sagittal fissure?

IVC

15

What is located in the horizontal fissure?

Porta hepatis

16

Nerve lymph and blood supply to the liver; also called the doorway of liver

Porta hepatis

17

What is located in the posterior left sagittal fissure?

Ligamentum venosum and root of lesser omentum

18

What is located in the anterior left sagittal fissure?

LIgamentum teres

19

Comes up through posterior left sagittal fissure and moves up to cover porta hepatis

lesser omentum

20

Area of the liver that is not covered by mesentery is called?

Bare area

21

T/F: The liver is partially mesenteric and partially secondarily retroperitoneal.

True

22

T/F: The liver is covered with visceral peritoneum.

True

23

______ around the liver are common sites of abdominal infections leading to ascesses

Recesses

24

Recess between the inferior border of liver and the kidney

Hepatorenal recess

25

Recess between the superior border of the liver and the inferior border of the diaphragm; less peritoneal fluid

Subphrenic recess

26

______ surrounds the bare area of the liver

coronary ligament

27

Some lymph from the bare area drains through the diaphragm to _______; important metastasis route for cancer

thoracic nodes

28

The ______ and the ________ are reflections that form the border of the recesses

left and right triangular ligament

29

In terms of the drainage of bile, the liver has _____ functional sides

two

30

The function left side of drainage for bile drains which lobes?

left, quadrate, and caudate