Gut Development and Peritoneum Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Exam 3 > Gut Development and Peritoneum > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gut Development and Peritoneum Deck (53)
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1

left most organ in the abdominal cavity

spleen

2

The gut tube is divided into how many segments

3

3

The 3 segments of the gut tube

foregut, midgut, and hindgut

4

T/F: Innervation and blood supply to the gut tube segments is strongly patterned.

True

5

Accessory digestive organs

Spleen, pancreas, gall bladder, and liver

6

Which organ in the digestive system is a lymphoid organ not a part of digestion cut has same nerve supply as the gut?

Spleen

7

Where does the foregut to midgut transition occur?

Between second and third segment of duodenum

8

Where does the midgut to hindgut transition occur?

2/3 of the way through the transverse colon

9

Esophagus, stomach, duodenum (2/4), and accessory digestive organs (liver, gallbladder, spleen, and pancreas) are part of what gut segment?

Foregut

10

Duodenum (2/4), jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendix, ascending colon, and 2/3 of transverse colon are part of what gut segment?

Midgut

11

Transverse (1/3), descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum are all part of what gut segment?

Hindgut

12

Each gut segment is supplied by an _________

unpaired branch of the abdominal aorta

13

Foregut derivatives are supplied by branches of ______

the celiac artery

14

Midgut derivatives are supplied by branches of ______

superior mesenteric artery

15

Hindgut derivatives are supplied by branches of ______

inferior mesenteric artery

16

Which artery is the largest of the gut?

superior mesenteric artery

17

Which artery is the shortest and simplest of the gut?

inferior mesenteric artery

18

Which artery is the most complex of the gut?

celiac artery

19

parietal peritoneum will have _____ innervation

somatic

20

Peritoneum on organs of abdominal organs

visceral peritoneum

21

double layers of peritoneum: bridges between visceral and parietal peritoneum

mesenteries

22

_______ will cover most of abdominopelvic region outside of the lower pelvis

peritoneum

23

(Sympathetics) The preganglionic bodies of the foregut are found in

T5-T9

24

(Sympathetics) The preganglionic bodies of the midgut are found in

T9-T12

25

(Sympathetics) The preganglionic bodies of the hindgut are found in

T12-L2

26

(Sympathetics) The splanchnic nerve supplying the foregut is called the

greater splanchnic nerve

27

(Sympathetics) The splanchnic nerve supplying the midgut is called the

Lesser/least splanchnic nerves

28

(Sympathetics) The splanchnic nerve supplying the hindgut is called the

Least splanchnic / lumbar splanchnic nerves

29

(Sympathetics) The paravertebral ganglion associated with the foregut is called

celiac

30

(Sympathetics) The paravertebral ganglion associated with the midgut is called

Superior mesenteric/ intermesenteric