Flashcards in Small Intestine and Colon Deck (53)
T/F: Parietal peritoneum is very pain sensitive to inflammation and stretching
The parietal peritoneum is supplied somatic pain from
ventral rami of T7- L1
Visceral pain to the gut follows ______ innervation back
T/F: Dorsal mesentery and visceral peritoneum feels no sensation
Parietal pain follows _____ back
For secondarily retroperitoneal organs, the parietal peritoneum is sensitive to _____ pain
All of the small intestine except what part is mesenteric?
1st segment of duodenum
Colon is divided into what segments?
Cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, and sigmoid colon (and appendix)
Small intestine is divided into what segments?
Duodenum, jejunum, and ileum
Cecum is in what abdominal quadrant?
lower right quadrant
Ascending colon is in what abdominal quadrants?
Lower to upper right quadrant
Transverse colon is in what ab quadrants?
Upper right to left quadrant
Descending colon is in what ab quadrants?
Left upper to lower quadrant
Plicae circulares are present in what 2 segments of small intestine?
Duodenum and jejunum
In duodenum, plicae circulares are ______ numerous and _______ prominent
more numerous and more prominent
In jejunum, plicae circulares are ______ numerous and _______ prominent
less numerous and less prominent
The ileum has ______ on its surface
Bits of visceral fat on the colon; more fat on descending and sigmoid colon
Chambers of colon
Bend in the transverse to descending colon is called
bend in ascending to transverse colon called
hepatic or right colic flexure
______ artery supplies transverse colon
middle colic artery
______ artery supplies the major segments of colon namely the ascending colon
right colic artery
____ artery supplies ileocecal structures
Jejunal arteries, ileal arteries, ileocolic artery, right colic artery, and middle colic artery come off of ______ artery
superior mesenteric artery
____ artery supplies descending colon
left colic artery
___ artery anastomoses with middle colic artery at midgut to hindgut transition forming connection between superior and inferior mesenteric arteries
left colic artery
Ascending and descending branches of left colic artery supply
Ascending and descending branches of left colic artery, left colic artery, superior rectal artery, sigmoid arteries are all branches of ______ artery
inferior mesenteric artery