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Flashcards in Small Intestine and Colon Deck (53)
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1

T/F: Parietal peritoneum is very pain sensitive to inflammation and stretching

True

2

The parietal peritoneum is supplied somatic pain from

ventral rami of T7- L1

3

Visceral pain to the gut follows ______ innervation back

sympathetic

4

T/F: Dorsal mesentery and visceral peritoneum feels no sensation

True

5

Parietal pain follows _____ back

ventral ramii

6

For secondarily retroperitoneal organs, the parietal peritoneum is sensitive to _____ pain

somatic

7

All of the small intestine except what part is mesenteric?

1st segment of duodenum

8

Colon is divided into what segments?

Cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, and sigmoid colon (and appendix)

9

Small intestine is divided into what segments?

Duodenum, jejunum, and ileum

10

Cecum is in what abdominal quadrant?

lower right quadrant

11

Ascending colon is in what abdominal quadrants?

Lower to upper right quadrant

12

Transverse colon is in what ab quadrants?

Upper right to left quadrant

13

Descending colon is in what ab quadrants?

Left upper to lower quadrant

14

Plicae circulares are present in what 2 segments of small intestine?

Duodenum and jejunum

15

In duodenum, plicae circulares are ______ numerous and _______ prominent

more numerous and more prominent

16

In jejunum, plicae circulares are ______ numerous and _______ prominent

less numerous and less prominent

17

The ileum has ______ on its surface

lymphatic nodules

18

Bits of visceral fat on the colon; more fat on descending and sigmoid colon

appendices epiploicae

19

Chambers of colon

haustre

20

Bend in the transverse to descending colon is called

splenic flexure

21

bend in ascending to transverse colon called

hepatic or right colic flexure

22

______ artery supplies transverse colon

middle colic artery

23

______ artery supplies the major segments of colon namely the ascending colon

right colic artery

24

____ artery supplies ileocecal structures

ileocolic artery

25

Jejunal arteries, ileal arteries, ileocolic artery, right colic artery, and middle colic artery come off of ______ artery

superior mesenteric artery

26

____ artery supplies descending colon

left colic artery

27

___ artery anastomoses with middle colic artery at midgut to hindgut transition forming connection between superior and inferior mesenteric arteries

left colic artery

28

Ascending and descending branches of left colic artery supply

descending colon

29

Ascending and descending branches of left colic artery, left colic artery, superior rectal artery, sigmoid arteries are all branches of ______ artery

inferior mesenteric artery

30

right most artery of the hindgut

superior rectal artery