Digestive Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Digestive Vocab Deck (28):
1

Amylase

enzyme contained in saliva that breaks down starch

2

appendix

tubular organ attached to the lower end of the cecum; serves as a source for immune cells

3

Bile

yellow green fluid secreted by the liver that aids in digestion

4

Cecum

blind pouch that serves as the beginning of the LI

5

Chief cells

cells in the gastric mucosa that secrete digestive enzymes

6

Cyme

semi-fluid mixture consisting of particles of food mixed with digestive juices

7

Duodenum

first 10 inches of small intestine; the portion of intestine that performs most digestive process

8

Enteric Nervous System

Network of nerves innervating the digestive system

9

Enteroendocrine cells

cells in the gastric mucosa that secrete the hormone ghrelin

10

Esophagus

muscular tube connecting the pharynx to the stomach

11

Gallbladder

sac attached to the liver that stores and concentrates bile

12

Gastric Pits

Depressions within the gastric mucosa containing glands that secrete components of gastric juice

13

Gingiva

tissue surrounding the necks of teeth; gums

14

Hard palate

bony structure that separates the mouth from the nasal cavity

15

Haustra

pouches along the length of the LI

16

ileum

the third and last portion of the SI

17

jejunum

second portion of the SI location where many nutrients are absorbed

18

lacteal

lymph vessel found inside the villi of the SI

19

Lipase

enzyme that digests fat

20

mastication

process of chewing, begins the digestion of food

21

mesentery

sheet of connective tissue that suspends the digestive organs within the ab cavity

22

parotid cland

salivary gland located just underneath the skin anterior to the ear

23

peristalsis

wave like muscular contractions that propel food along the digestive tract

24

proteases

enzymes working in the ST and SI to break peptide bonds

25

rugae

folds of mucosa and submucosa in the stomach

26

salivary glands

glands in the oral cavity that secrete saliva

27

segmentation

type of contraction in the SI that involves ring like constrictions

28

soft palate

structure consisting mostly of skeletal muscle that forms an arch between mouth and nasopharynx