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Flashcards in TCM Theory I Final Deck (185):
1

7 types of Qi Pathology

Qi deficiency
Disorders of Qi Ji (Stagnation)
Qi Rebellion
Qi Sinking
Disorder of Qi Ascending and Descending
Blocked Qi
Qi Exhaustion

2

Qi Deficiency Definition

Deficient Yuan Qi (Life Energy) and body function

3

Yuan Qi definition

Life Energy

4

Causes of Qi Definciency (5)

Constitutional
Failure to nourish (malnutrition)
Dysfunction of KD, SP, or LU
Over work
Chronic disease

5

Symptoms of Qi Deficiency

depressed spirit, weak voice, poor appetite, loose stools, tiredness, dizziness, spontaneous sweating, pale complexion, weak pulses, shortness of breath

6

Zang Fu Qi Deficiencies

Symptoms based on Organ

7

Wei Qi deficiencies

easy to get sick (UpQ Def)

8

4 types of Qi Deficiencies

Zang Fu
Meridians
Ying Qi
Wei Qi

9

Qi Deficiency can be divided into a deficiency of ______ or_____

Yin or Yang

10

Yin deficiency behaves as a _____ pattern

heat

11

Yang deficiency behaves as a _____ pattern

cold

12

Definition of Qi Stagnation (Qi Ji)

Anything that blocks the movement of Qi

13

Causes of Qi Stagnation (6)

Depressed emotion
Phlegm or dampness
Food Stagnation
Heat Stagnation
Blood Stagnation
Qi Stagnation

14

Common Symptoms of Qi Stagnation (3)

Tightness: chest, abdomen
Fullness; stomach, abdomen
Pain: hypochondriac, meridians, etc

15

Qi Stagnation can cause what other disorders

Blood stagnation
Jin ye stagnation (dampness and phlegm)
Converting to Heat

16

Qi Rebellion Definition

Qi over ascending or failure in Descending (Abnormal upward movement)

17

Cause of Qi Rebellion (5)

Abnormal emotions
Abnormal diet
External evils
Phlegm (blockage)
Qi deficiency

18

Most common Qi Rebellion

ST and LU

19

5 types of Qi Rebellion

LU
ST
LV
KD
HT

20

Symptoms LU Qi Rebellion

cough, shortness of breath, urinary retention

21

Symptoms ST Qi Rebellion

Hiccups, nausea, vomiting, gassing

22

Symptoms LV Qi Rebellion

headache, red face/eyes, irritability

23

Severe LV Qi Rebellion can cause

hemoptysis, hematemesis and stroke

24

Symptoms KD Qi Rebellion

asthma, shortness of breath (KD fails to hold LU/Breath)

25

Symptoms of HT Qi Rebellion

mental restlessness, insomnia

26

Qi Rebellion can be because of both _____ and ______

excess and Deficiency

27

Qi Rebellion is mainly a _____ disorder but can also be caused by ______

excessive; deficiency

28

Qi Rebellion as deficient LU Qi

fails to descend

29

Qi Rebellion as deficient KD Qi

fails to grasp Qi

30

Qi Rebellion as Deficient ST Qi

fails to descend

31

Qi Sinking Definition

Qi Failure in ascending or over descending, also called Qi collapse. Abnormal Downward movement

32

Difference between Rebelling Qi and Sinking Qi

Rebelling Qi is Abnormal upward movement
Sinking Qi is abnormal downward movement

33

Qi Sinking Symptoms

Qi deficient symptoms plus a feeling of bearing down, mental depression, prolapse of organs

34

Causes of Qi Sinking

Qi deficiency, specially Spleen Qi

35

2 types of Qi Sinking

Qi failing to be transported upwards
Qi failing to lift

36

Qi failing to be transported upward symptoms

dizziness, tinnitus, and dim sighted

37

Qi failing to lift symptoms

prolapse of organs, depressed emotions, chronic diarrhea

38

Disorders of Qi Ascending/Descending in other organs

SP: Food Qi fail to ascend causes body Qi def and loose stools
HT: insomnia, anxiety, mental restlessness
KD: urinary retention, breathlessness
BL: Urinary retention
LI: constipation, abdominal distension

39

Pathology of Qi NOT ascending in Upper Orfices

Eyes: Blurred vision
Ears: hardness of hearing
Nose: diminished sense of smell
Mouth: lack of taste
Mind: Unclear thinking and poor memory

40

Pathology of Qi NOT descending in Upper Orfices

Eyes: Sticky eyelids, pain
Ears: excessive wax
Nose: blocked or runny nose
Mouth: sticky taste/thick saliva
Mind: heavy head and dizziness

41

Definition of Blocked Qi

causes clear orifice blockage and behaves as a syncope

42

Cause of Blocked Qi

emotional stimulation, external evils or phlegm blocked Qi Ji

43

Consequences of of Blocked Qi

spontaneous recovery
recovery by treatment
death

44

Definition Qi Exhuastion

Extreme Qi deficiency causing body function failure

45

Cause Qi Exhuastion

Too strong Evil Qi
Long term disease exhausts Upright Qi
Extreme bleeding/sweating

46

Qi exhaustion and Dying Yin/Yang Features

body function failure
closed eyes
open mouth
paralyzed muscle and hands
incontinence of urine and stoos

47

Blood Deficiency cause

All most always due to chronic issues
Bleeding
SP Qi deficiency causes malnutrition which effect blood generation
KD/marrow deficiency affects blood generation

48

Organs involved in Blood Deficiency

SP
LV
KD

49

Symptoms Blood deficiency

dull white complexion/pale lips
HT poor memory/insomnia
LV: dizzy/blurred vision/dry eyes
Menstruation: scanty or absent periods

50

Blood Stasis Definition

Blood circulates slowly, not smoothly, or stagnates. May involve whole body, one or more organs, meridians and tissues

51

Causes of Blood Stasis

Qi Stagnation or Deficiency
Heat or Cold in the blood
Blood deficiency
Interior Cold
Phlegm

52

General symptoms of Blood Stagnation

Dark complexion/lips/nails/bleeding
pain that is fixed and stabbing
masses that do not move

53

Definition heat in Blood

Heat invades Blood causing increased blood circulation, blood vessel dilation and bleeding.

54

Causes of heat in Blood

External heat or Li Qi invasion
Internal heat caused by emotion disorders
Internal heat/fire caused by Yin Deficiency

55

Symptoms of heat in Blood

feeling of heat, red face/eyes, red skin eruptions, thirst, bleeding, red tongue

56

Heat in Blood to Western medicine is

Autoimmune issues

57

Differentiation of causes of Bleeding

Heat in Blood: fresh red/dark Heavy
Blood stasis: Very dark/clots Scanty
Qi Def: Pale, heavy prolonged
Yin def: Bright, scanty

58

Normal relationship of Qi and Blood

Qi is the commander of Blood
Blood is the mother and carrier of Qi

59

Qi Stagnation causes Blood Stasis Chinese name

Qi Zhi Xue Yu

60

Qi Zhi Xue Yu facts

Qi Stagnation MAY cause Blood stasis
Blood stasis is ALWAYS accomp with Qi Stagnation
Hard to identify which one occurred first
Important to identify which is dominant

61

Organs that may involve Qi Zhi Xue Yu

Liver and Lung

62

Qi DEFICIENCY causes Blood Stasis Chinese name

Qi Xu Xue Yu

63

Qi Xu Xue Yu definition

blood circulates slowly or becomes stagnant in vessels caused by Qi deficiency and failure of promoting Blood

64

Qi Xu Xue Yu is seen in

heart qi deficiency and aged people

65

Qi Xu, Qi Zhi and Xue Yu usually

usually occur together

66

Qi Xu is

Qi deficiency

67

Qi Zhi is

Qi Stagnation

68

Xue Yu is

Blood stagnation

69

Bleeding caused by Qi Deficiency is mainly caused by

SP Qi Deficiency, and can involve LV, KD, LU and ST Qi deficiency as well

70

Nei Jing on Shi and Xu

Shi is Evil Qi Excess and Xu is Upright Qi depleted

71

Xu =

deficiency

72

Shi =

Excess

73

Varieties of Xu and Shi

Mixed Xu and Shi
Transformation of Xu and Shi
True or False Xu and Shi

74

Shi syndromes are usually seen

early or middle stage of diseases
Strong constitution

75

Xu Syndrome are usually seen

Weak constitution
Late stage of diseases caused by Ext Evils
Chronic disease
after severe vomiting, sweating etc

76

True excess and false deficiency is

Evil Qi block meridians causing Qi and Blood failure in nourishing skin and muscle

77

True deficiency and false excess is

Spleen deficiency causing constipation
yang escaping causing false heat (pull yang back)

78

It is _____ to answer if it is true or false Su and Shi

IMPORTANT

79

When upright Qi over comes Evil Qi

Disease is Cured

80

when Evil Qi overcomes Upright Qi

Disease becomes worse
Yin or Yang is exhaused

81

Struggle (stagnant) fight between Evil and Upright Qi

Acute becomes chronic
Chronic lasts longer

82

Definition Secondary Pathogen

products that are generated inside the body during other diseases which may affect body function and cause the original disease to become worse or a new disease

83

Secondary pathogens are also called

pathogenic products or internal visible excessive Evils

84

3 types of new diseases 2ndary pathogens can cause

body fluid accumulation
blood stasis
stones

85

Qi Ji

Movement of Qi
Ascending/Descending/exiting/entering

86

Classifications of Qi

Yuan Qi (original Qi)
Zong Qi (Lung Qi, in chest,)
Ying Qi (Nourishing Qi from food and water)
Wei Qi (Defending Qi)

87

Formation of Blood

food essence from SP and ST goes to LU where it is turned into Blood through the effort of the HT and LU

88

Governs Qi and respiration

LU

89

Formation of Zong Qi

Food qi + Clean Qi

90

Governs the Water Passage

LU

91

Controlls channels and blood vessels

LU by promoting Qi and Blood circulation within vessels and channels and between muscles and skin

92

Special features of the LU

Canopy
Tender physiologically, pathologically
Qi is dispersing and descending
Likes moist, dislikes dry

93

LU is a canopy why

roof for all organs
upper source of Qi
upper source of body fluid
often first organ to be attacked

94

LU is tender why

when you inhale it becomes full, exhale empty, instantly

95

LU opens to

the nose

96

LU and emotions

sadness/grief

97

LU is the house of

Corporeal Soul

98

LU is related to _____ Season

Fall

99

LU is the zang of

Yin within Yang

100

LU smell/color/taste

putrid/white/pungent

101

LI main function

T&T wastes
Governs Jin (fluids)

102

LU is Zang to what Fu

LI

103

SP main functions

Govern T&T
Holds Blood

104

What is the source of Essence, Qi, Blood and Jin Ye

Food Essence

105

Spleen is the ____ of Water mebatolism

center

106

What is the upper and lower source of body fluid

LU and KD

107

According to the SU Wen what is said about all dampness, edema and fullness?

All should be attributed to SP deficiency

108

Spleen holds blood because

SP Qi is ascending

109

Beng Lou

Abnormal bleeding from the Uterus

110

Spleen likes and dislikes

likes dry, dislikes moist

111

SP controls

muscles

112

Sp opens

into the mouth and manifests in the lips

113

SP is related to what season

all seasons and late summer

114

SP smell/color/taste/climate

fragrant/yellow/sweet/damp

115

What organ is the most important of the Yang Organs

ST

116

Su Wen saying about ST

It is the sea of water and grains and the great source of nourishment of the 6 yang organs

117

Function of ST

Controls receiving
Controls rotting and ripening of food
controls descending Qi
origin of fluids

118

HR Functions

Governs Blood and Controls the Blood Vessels

119

HR Blood houses the

Mind (Shen)

120

HR controls

Blood Vessels

121

HR is the _________ of the whole body

Emperor

122

HR opens to the

Tongue

123

HR related emotion

JOY

124

HR Season

Summer

125

HR Zang FU

HR SI

126

SI function

Accept and transform Gruel
Seperate clarity from turbidity
Governs Ye (body fluid)

127

Zang Fu of LV

LV GB

128

Function of LV

Master of Shu Xie (smooth flow of Qi)
regulates emotion
regulates ejaculation and ovulation
Stores Blood

129

Pre heaven for Women

Liver

130

Resolute organ

Liver

131

LV likes and dislikes

ascending and moving dislikes stagnation

132

Supports tendons and sinews

Liver

133

Source of Endurance

Liver

134

Nei Jing says all internal wind can be attributed to

Liver

135

Liver opens

into the eyes

136

Anger is related to

Liver

137

Liver season

Spring

138

Gall Bladder function

store and secretes bile
Governs decision making
is Extraordinary Fu

139

The Zangs open to what tissues

LV Tendons
HT blood/vessels
SP Flesh/muscles
LU Skin
KD Teeth, bone, marrow

140

extraordinary Fu's

Uterus
Brain
Bone
Marrow
Vessels
Gall Bladder

141

4 Seas

Sea of Qi
Sea of Blood
Sea of Food
Sea of Marrow

142

Sea of Qi points

DU14, DU15

143

Sea of Blood Points

BL11 ST37

144

Sea of Food Points

ST30 ST36

145

Sea of Marrow Points

DU20 DU16

146

Organ Interrelationships

Structurally related
inter-restricting and inter-dependent
behave as relationship of 5 elements
behave as relationship Qi/Essence/Blood/Y&Y

147

HT and LU Relationship

Reside in UB
Zong Qi key connection
Cooperate in making Blood

148

HR and SP relationship

Cooperate in making Blood
Cooperate to ensure normal Blood circulation

149

HR and LV relationship

VERY IMPORTANT
HR governs Blood circulation and LV Stores Blood
Regulates spirit and mental activities

150

HR and KD relationship

Yin and Yang
Fire and Water
Root of Mind and Essence

151

LU and SP Relationship

Cooperate in generating Qi
Cooperate in Body fluid Metabolism and Distribution

152

LU and LV Relationship

Not Close
Cooperate to ensure the body's Qi normal movement

153

LU and KD relationship

Cooperate in body fluid distribution
cooperate in Breath

154

The Y&Y of LU and KD ______ each other

nourish

155

LV and SP Relationship

IMPORTANT
Cooperate in food digestion
Cooperate in Blood circulation

156

LV and KD Relationship

IMPORTANT
LV stores blood and KD stores Essence
LV Blood and KD Essence nourish each other

157

SP and KD relationship

VERY IMPORTANT
Represent Pre and Post heaven
cooperate in fluid metabolism

158

Uterus main fuctions

regulate menstruation
house fetus

159

Yin organs and Uterus

HR houses Shen and governs making/circulating Blood
LV stores Blood and governs Shu-Xie (emotion)
SP is the source of Qi & Blood and holds Blood
KD is the preheaven, stores Essence and governs reproduction

160

Nei Jing on Evil Qi and Upright Qi

When there is Evil Qi invading there must be deficiency of the Upright Qi
When the Upright Qi is sufficient, no Evil Qi can invade

161

6 internal evil Qis

seven emotions
abnormal diet
phlegm
stagnant blood
stones
five internal evil qis

162

4 external evil Qis

6 external evil qi's
external injuries
injuries caused by insects or animals
parasites

163

Opposition of Yin and Yang

cold hot
damp dry
slow rapid
soft hard

164

4 relationships of Yin and Yang

Opposition
Interdependence
Mutually consuming
Intertransformational

165

8 principles

yin/yang
exterior/interior
cold/heat
excessive/deficent

166

Nei Jing on Uterus

The gate of life (ming men) is the residence of the Mind and Essence and it is connected to the Original Qi: in men it houses the Sperm and in women the Uterus

167

Tian Gui

Vital substance generated with KD essence and KD Qi become full.

168

Tian Gui Function

promoting the development of reproductive organs

169

Tian Gui regulates and Promotes

ejaculation, female ovulation and menstruation

170

Function of Qi

Promoting
Warming and cooling
Defending
Holding
T&T
Nourishing

171

Function of Blood

Nourishing and moistening the whole body
material basis for mental activity

172

Function of Jin Ye

Moisturizing and nourishing
As a component of Blood

173

Jin Ye is

body fluid

174

Constitution definition

The features of a individual's body structure, function and spirit
Physical make up of an individual comprising inherited qualities modified by environment

175

Features of Constitution

body morphology/structure, function and psychological status
individualized and diversified
stable and changeable
continuous and predictable

176

Gender and Constitution

Male Yang KD is preheaven Qi most important
Female Yin LV is preheaven Blood most imprt

177

Yin/Yang and constitution

Balanced means everything is good

178

People with Yin and Yang blanced constitution usually

rarely invaded
quickly recover
have long life span

179

Yang Constitution usually

invaded by Yang evil Qi
invasion tends to be heat and excessive

180

yin Constitution

invaded by Yin Evil Qi
behave as cold and deficient
internal disease

181

Application of the Constitution Theory

Predicting the susceptibility of pathogens
Interpreting the mechanisms of pathogeneisis
Interpreting the pathological changes
Directing diagnosis
Directing Treatment
Directing maintenance of healthy

182

constitution and Treatment

Flavors and taste of herbs
does of medication
acupuncture procedures

183

8 misc causes of disease

improper diet
maladjustment of work and rest
excessive sex
trauma
parasites
improper medications
medicinal mistakes
heritage factors

184

XU XU

disperse deficiency (mistake)

185

Shi Shi

Tonify Evil Qi (mistake)