Diseases and their Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology Block 3 > Diseases and their Antibiotics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diseases and their Antibiotics Deck (19):
1

Strep throat

1. Penicillin V
2. Cephalexin
3. Erythromycin (or one of the other macrolides) if penicillin allergy.

2

Staph (MSSA)

1. Oxacillin
2. Amoxicillin + clavulanic acid
3. Vancomycin

3

Staph (MRSA)

1. Vancomycin
2. Linezolid
3. Daptomycin

4

Strep pneumo

1. Penicillin G
2. Cefazolin
3. Ceftriaxone (if meningitis)
4. Vancomycin (if ceftriaxone-resistant meningitis)

5

Gonorrhea

Ceftriaxone + doxycycline/azithromycin

6

Chlamydia

Doxycycline/azithromycin

7

Syphilis

1. Penicillin G benzathine
2. Doxycycline or minocycline if allergic to penicillins.

8

C diff

1. Metronidazole
2. Vancomycin
3. Fidaxomicin (works well against recurrent strains)

9

H. pylori

Metronidazole + clarithromycin + omeprazole

10

Lyme disease

1. Doxycycline (but not to children or pregnant women)
2. Ceftriaxone
3. Amoxicillin

11

Rickettsia

1. Doxycycline (even to kids)
2. Chloramphenicol

12

UTI

1. TMP/SMX
2. Nitrofurantoin
3. Fosfomycin

13

Bacterial meningitis (empirical treatment)

1. Ceftriaxone + vancomycin
2. If caused by listeria - ampicillin.
Rifampin for prophylaxis.

14

Strict anaerobes (Gm + or -)

1. Metronidazole
2. Clindamycin
3. Piperacillin + tazobactam

15

Strict anaerobes (Gm +)

1. Penicillin G
2. Vancomycin
3. Daptomycin

16

Gm -

1. Amoxicillin + clavulanic acid
2. Piperacillin + tazobactam
3. Ceftriaxone
4. Imipenem with cilastatin

17

Pseudomonas

1. Piperacillin + tazobactam
2. Ciprofloxacin/moxifloxacin
3. Ceftazidime

18

ESBL positive Gm -

Imipenem with cilastatin

19

Surgical prophylaxis of skin flora

Cefazolin (IV)