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Flashcards in Diseases of Piglets Deck (34)
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1

What is the main disease seen in piglets?

Scour

2

What are the three categories of piglet scour?

1. Milk Scour
2. Infectious
3. Non-infectious

3

When might milk scour be seen in piglets and what causes it?

Seen either when very young or from 3wks

Caused by GIT overload into LI

4

How is milk scour Tx?

It isn't - its self limiting

5

When is scour due to an infectious agent most commonly seen?

Usually within first 48hrs of life

6

List 4 causes of non-infectious scour

Environment/hygiene
Stress
Poor colostrum intake
Poor nutrition

7

List the 6 main causes of infectious scour

1. Rotavirus
2. TGE / PED
3. PRRS
4. E. coli
5. Cl. perfringens
6. Coccidiosis

8

How does scour due to a viral agent tend to present?

Very watery, often secondary bacterial infection

9

How is scour due to rotavirus Tx?

Hydration
Improve hygiene
Sow vaccine

10

What causes TGE and PED?

Coronavirus

11

How does TGE and PED Px?

Profuse watery scour with V+

12

What is PRRS?

Porcine Respiratory & Reproductive Syndrome

13

What are Sx of PRRS?

Scour, conjunctivitis, bruising, anaemia

14

When is E. coli scour most commonly seen and what is it associated with?

Within first few wks

Indoor pigs, gilts, poor hygiene

15

Which two types of Cl. perfringens can cause scour in piglets?

Type C

Type A

16

How does scour due to the two types of Cl. perfringens differ?

Type C = haemorrhage enteritis with sudden death

Type A = pasty scour affecting growth

17

In which piglets is Cl. perfringens type C mostly seen?

Those bred outdoors

18

How does Tx for Cl. perfringens differ for type C and A?

Type C = metaphylactic Tx at birth with penicillin (effective)

Type A = penicillin (works variably)

19

When might piglets become affected by coccidiosis and how does it present?

From 10-21d

Pasty, yellow, loose scour

20

What is the spp which causes coccidiosis in piglets?

Isosphora

21

How is coccidiosis Px?

Toltrazuril coccidiostat at 4d to resolve the clinical impact

22

What is the main cause of nervous disease in piglets?

Bacterial meningitis

23

What is the main cause of bacterial meningitis?

Secondary to bacterial penetration through wounds or navel etc

24

What are the three main bacterial spp associated with meningitis?

Strep. suis
E. coli
Haemophilus parasuis

25

What disease is is meningitis associated with?

Joint ill

26

What are the main Sx of bacterial meningitis?

Nystagmus, opisthotonus, pyrexia, convulsions, sudden death

27

How can bacterial meningitis be Tx?

Hydration, steroids, AntiB cover

28

How can bacterial meningitis be Px?

Colostrum management, hygiene

29

What are congenital tremors?

Intentional tremors

30

How are congenital tremors classified?

A1-A5