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Flashcards in Introduction Deck (23)
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1

When did the UK pass a law on stalls and tethers?

1999

2

When did the EU pass a law on stalls and tethers and what is the exception to this law?

2013

Up to 4wks post service

3

What is the avg. LW from weaner to grower to finisher?

7kg --> 30kg --> 130kg

4

What is the avg. LW at slaughter for bacon production and what DW does this convert to?

125-135kg = LW
84kg = DW

5

At what age are pigs slaughtered?

~6 months

6

What is the ratio of indoor to outdoor herds?

60:40

7

It is recommended that piglets have 8 vaccines, what are these?

1. PCV2
2. Haemophilus suis
3. Lawsonia intracellularis
4. Parvovirus
5. Erysipleas
6. E. coli
7. Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
8. PRRS
9. Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia

8

It is recommended that gilts have 7 vaccines, what are these?

1. PCV2
2. Erysipelas
3. Parvovirus
4. E. coli
5. Cl. perfringens
6. PRRS
7. Leptospirosis

9

How does the vaccination programme in a sow cf. that of a gilt?

Same as for a gilt + mycoplasma hyopneumoniae

10

Which vaccination programme should a boar follow?

Same as for gilts

11

What is the correct way to use pig boards and a snare as restraint?

Pig boards should be used down to the ground

Snare = gold standard --> behind the maxillary canines

12

Under the Red Tractor, what are the rules of prophylactic vs. metaphylactic Tx?

Prophylactic Tx = Tx to prevent disease - banned

Metaphylatic Tx = Tx to prevent other animals in the group from catching disease when one animal is already affected - allowed

13

What is the ideal site for SC injection?

In the neck at 45 degree angle with a short needle

14

What is the ideal site for IM injection?

In the neck 2-3 inch behind the ear, perpendicular to skin with a 2 inch needle

15

How long do farm records have to be kept for?

5yrs

16

In which situations can autologous vaccines be used?

'Emergency vaccine' - to be used when everything else with market authorisation has been tried and failed

17

What type of pathogens do autologous vaccines prevent against?

Bacterial

18

What is the main coccidiostat used on pig farms?

Toltrazuril

19

What drugs can be used to stimulate oestrus?

PG or GnRH

20

How is oestrus synchronised?

Progesterone e.g. Regumate

21

How does regumate work to synchronise oestrus?

progesterone = halts follicular development - once Tx has stopped, follicular development resumes and the sow will come into oestrus

22

How can farrowing be induced?

PGF2a

23

How can uterine contraction and milk let-down be stimulated?

Oxytocin