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Intro to Psych > Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disorders Deck (18):
1

psychopathology

the study of abnormal behavior

2

situational context

the social or environmental setting of a person's behavior

3

subjective discomfort

imotional distress or emotional pain

4

maladaptive

anything that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life

5

sociocultural perspective

perspective in which abnormal behavior (as well as normal behavior) is seen as the product of the learning and shaping of behavior within the context of the family, the social group to which one belongs, and the culture within which the family and social group exist

6

cultural relativity

the need to consider the unique characteristics of the culture in which behavior takes place

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culture-bound syndromes

disorders found only in particular cultures

8

psychological disorder

any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life

9

congnitive psychologists

psychologists who study the way people think, remember, and mentally organize information

10

biopsychosocial model

perspective in which abnormal behavior is seen as the resuly of the combined and interacting forces of biological, psychological, social, and cultural influences

11

anxiety disorders

disorders in which the main symptom is excessive or unrealistic anxiety and fearfulness

12

free-floating anxiety

anxiety that is unrelated to any realistic, known source

13

phobia

an irrational, persistent fear of an object, situation, or social activity

14

social phobia

fear of interacting with others or being in social situations that might lead to a negative evaluation

15

specific phobia

fear of objects or specific situations or events

16

claustrophobia

fear of being in a small, enclosed space

17

acrophobia

fear of heights

18

agoraphobia

fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or impossible