Stress/Coping Flashcards Preview

Intro to Psych > Stress/Coping > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stress/Coping Deck (25):
1

psychoneuroimmunology

the study of the effects of psychological factors such as stress, emotions, thoughts, and behavior on the immune system

2

stress

the term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are appraised as threatening or challenging

3

stressors

events that cause a stress reaction

4

distress

the effect of unpleasant and undesirable stressors

5

eustress

the effect of positive events, or the optimal amount of stress that people need to promote health and well-being

6

catastrophe

an unpredictable, large-scale event that creates a tremendous need to adapt and adjust as well as overwhelming feelings of threat

7

Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS)

assessment that measures the amount of stress in a person's life over a one-year period resulting from major life events

8

College Undergraduate Stress Scale (CUSS)

assessment that measures the amount of stress in a college student's life over a one-year period resulting from major life events

9

hassles

the daily annoyances of everyday life

10

pressure

the psychological experience produced by urgent demands or expectations for a person's behavior that come from an outside source

11

frustration

the psychological experience produced by the blocking of a desired goal or fulfillment of a perceived need

12

aggression

actions meant to harm or destroy

13

displaced aggression

taking out one's frustrations on some less threatening or more available target, a form of displacement

14

displacement

psychological defense mechanism in which emotional reactions and behavioral responses are shifted to targets that are more available or less threatening than the original target

15

escape or withdrawal

leaving the presence of a stressor, either literally or by a psychological withdrawal into fantasy, drug abuse, or apathy

16

conflict

the psychological distress occurring when a person has to choose between different and incompatible or opposing goals

17

approach-approach conflict

conflict occurring when a person must choose between two desirable goals

18

avoidance-avoidance conflict

conflict occurring when a person must choose between two undesirable goals

19

approach-avoidance conflict

conflict occurring when a person must choose or not choose a goal that has both positive and negative aspects

20

coping strategies

actions that people can take to master, tolerate, reduce, or minimize the effects of stressors

21

problem-focused coping

coping strategies that try to eliminate the source of a stressor or reduce its impact through direct actions

22

emotion-focused coping

coping strategies that change the impact of a stressor by changing the emotional reaction to the stressor

23

meditation

mental series of exercises meant to refocus attention and achieve a trancelike state of consciousness

24

concentrative meditation

form of meditation in which a person focuses the mind on some repetitive or unchanging stimulus so that the mind can be cleared of disturbing thoughts and the body can experience relaxation

25

what are the three main types of stressors?

catastrophe, major life change, and hassles (daily annoyances)