DIT Renal 5. Other Renal Pathology Flashcards Preview

Pathology > DIT Renal 5. Other Renal Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in DIT Renal 5. Other Renal Pathology Deck (22):
1

RBC cast in urine

glomerulonephritis

2

WBC cast in urine

Pyelonephritis
Acute interstitial nephritis

4

Bacterial cast in urine

Pyelonephritis

5

Waxy cast in urine

Stasis of urine flow
Chronic Kidney Disease

6

Epithelial cast in urine

Renal tubule damage

7

Granular cast in urine

Acute Tubular Necrosis
(nonspecific)

8

Fatty cast in urine

Nephrotic syndrome

10

What is the WAGR complex?

Wilm's Tumor
Aniridia (lack of iris)
Genitourinary malformation
mental-motor Retardation

11

What are the risk factors for transitional cell carcinoma?

"Pee SAC"

Phenacetin
Smoking
Aniline dyes
Cyclophosphamide

12

What are the classic features of drug-induced acute interstitial nephritis?

Results in Acute Renal Failure

Fever
Rash
Eosinophilia
Azotemia

Causes:
-drug induced

Rx:
- 2 weeks of corticosteroids

13

A pt reports a long-term history of acetaminophen use. What is she at increased risk for?

renal papillary necrosis
(phenacetin associated with acetaminophen)

14

What changes will be seen in a basic metabolic panel in a pt with renal failure?

Hyperkalemia
Metabolic Acidosis
Elevated K+, phosphate
Low Ca2+
Elevated BUN, Creatinine

15

What is the most common location for a kidney stone to lodge?

UVJ (ureto-vesicular junction)

16

UTI caused by Proteus vulgaris. What type of renal stone is this pt at risk for?

ammonium magnesium phosphate

19

histological appearance of chronic pyelonephritis

"Thyroidization of kidney"
-eosinophilic casts within tubules

20

fever + rash + hematuria + eosinophilia

acute interstitial nephritis
(drug-induced interstitial nephritis)

42

A CT scan reveals massively enlarged kidneys bilaterally. What is the diagnosis?

Adult (autosomal dominant) polycystic kidney disease

45

most common tumor of the urinary tract system

Transitional Cell Carcinoma

48

most common renal malignancy of early childhood (ages 2-4)

Wilm's Tumor

51

histologic appearance of renal cell carcinoma

Polygonal Clear Cell Carcinoma

62

cancer associated with schistosoma haematobium

squamous cell carcinoma of bladder

65

treatment for cystine kidney stones

alkalinization of urine