Flashcards in DIT Renal 5. Other Renal Pathology Deck (22):
RBC cast in urine
WBC cast in urine
Acute interstitial nephritis
Bacterial cast in urine
Waxy cast in urine
Stasis of urine flow
Chronic Kidney Disease
Epithelial cast in urine
Renal tubule damage
Granular cast in urine
Acute Tubular Necrosis
Fatty cast in urine
What is the WAGR complex?
Aniridia (lack of iris)
What are the risk factors for transitional cell carcinoma?
What are the classic features of drug-induced acute interstitial nephritis?
Results in Acute Renal Failure
- 2 weeks of corticosteroids
A pt reports a long-term history of acetaminophen use. What is she at increased risk for?
renal papillary necrosis
(phenacetin associated with acetaminophen)
What changes will be seen in a basic metabolic panel in a pt with renal failure?
Elevated K+, phosphate
Elevated BUN, Creatinine
What is the most common location for a kidney stone to lodge?
UVJ (ureto-vesicular junction)
UTI caused by Proteus vulgaris. What type of renal stone is this pt at risk for?
ammonium magnesium phosphate
histological appearance of chronic pyelonephritis
"Thyroidization of kidney"
-eosinophilic casts within tubules
fever + rash + hematuria + eosinophilia
acute interstitial nephritis
(drug-induced interstitial nephritis)
A CT scan reveals massively enlarged kidneys bilaterally. What is the diagnosis?
Adult (autosomal dominant) polycystic kidney disease
most common tumor of the urinary tract system
Transitional Cell Carcinoma
most common renal malignancy of early childhood (ages 2-4)
histologic appearance of renal cell carcinoma
Polygonal Clear Cell Carcinoma
cancer associated with schistosoma haematobium
squamous cell carcinoma of bladder