Flashcards in DIVERTICULAR DISEASE Deck (11):
What is diverticulosis?
Outpocketings of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through weaknesses of muscle layers in the colon wall.
Where in the colon are diverticula most commonly found?
What causes diverticula in the colon?
Constipation and increased pressure leads to herniation of mucosa.
What are the clinical features of diverticulosis (uncomplicated ie not diverticulitis)?
Colicky left sided discomfort
How might you investigate someone with suspected diverticulae?
How do you treat uncomplicated diverticulosis?
High fibre diet
What are the complications of diverticulosis?
Diverticular disease (bleeds)
Perforation causing peritonitis
What are the features of diverticular disease?
Change in bowel habit
What is diverticulitis?
Inflammation of colonic diverticula leading to severe pain.
What are the clinical features of diverticulitis?
Left iliac fossa pain
Raised white blood cell count