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Flashcards in DNA + Protein Production Deck (16):
0

What is a chemical made of a long chain of amino acids?

Protein

1

What are chromosomes?

Thread-like structures found in the nucleus which carry genetic information

2

What is a gene?

A section of a chromosome which codes for a single protein

3

What is the molecule from which genes are made?

DNA

4

What is the term used to describe the shape of a DNA molecule?

Double helix

5

What are bases?

Parts of the DNA molecule which pair up with one another

6

What is the base found on DNA which is represented by the letter A?

Adenine

7

What is the base found on DNA which is represented by the letter C?

Cytosine

8

What is the base found on DNA which is represented by the letter G?

Guanine

9

What is the base found on DNA which is represented by the letter T?

Thymine

10

What is the type of pairing that hold the two DNA strands together?

Complementary base pairing

11

What is the genetic code?

The sequence of bases in a gene

12

What is the term for a set of 3 bases which codes for one amino acid?

Triplet

13

What is mRNA?

A molecule which carries a copy of the genetic code to the ribosomes

14

What are ribosomes?

Structures found in the cytoplasm and on the endoplasmic reticulum where protein synthesis occurs

15

What is a DNA molecule made up of?

Four bases: adenine, guanine, thymine and cytosine