Flashcards in Producing New Cells Deck (14):
What are chromosomes?
Thread-like structures, found in the cell nucleus, which carry genetic information
What is meant by the term chromosome complement?
It is the number of chromosomes found in the cells of an organism
What is the term to describe a cell containing two sets of chromosomes?
What is mitosis?
It is the division of the nucleus that produces two genetically identical, diploid daughter cells
What is a replicated copy of a chromosome?
Where are the two identical chromatids held together on a chromosome?
What is the equator of the cell?
It is where chromosomes line up during mitosis
What are spindle fibres?
Protein thread, produced during mitosis to pull chromatids apart
What is the method of growing cells in an artificial environment?
What is the term called for a solid or liquid nutrient jelly or broth used to culture cells?
What are aseptic techniques?
Laboratory procedures designed to maintain a sterile environment and prevent contamination of cell cultures
What is a fermenter?
Culture vessels, used in industry to grow cells on a large scale
What are some conditions required to grow cells in cultures?
~a suitable growth medium
~a supply of nutrients
~the availability of oxygen
~a suitable temperature and pH