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Flashcards in Enzymes Deck (18):
0

A chemical that changes from brown to blue-black in the presence of starch

Iodine solution

1

What are enzymes made of?

Protein

2

Substance formed as the result of an enzyme acting on its substrate

Product

3

Word used to describe how only one shape of enzyme can pair with one shape of substrate

Specific

4

Substance on which an enzyme acts, resulting in the formation of an end product

Substrate

5

What is used to test if glucose is present, turning blue to purple?

Clinistix

6

Region of an enzyme where the substrate becomes attached

Active site

7

What is the reaction called of the building up of large molecules from small molecules?

Synthesis

8

What is the reaction called of the breakdown of large molecules into small molecules?

Degradation

9

What is the term used to describe the state of an enzyme that has been permanently destroyed making it no longer work?

Denatured

10

What is a catalyst?

A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction and remains unchanged

11

What is the term used to describe the conditions of which an enzyme works best?

Optimum

12

What are chemicals found in all living cells that speed up chemical reactions?

Enzymes

13

What is the chemical called that changes from blue to brick-red in the presence of sugar?

Benedict's reagent

14

What is glucose converted into once in the roots?

Glucose-1-phosphate

15

What is a control?

It is a copy of the experiment in which all factors are kept exactly the same except the one being investigated in the original experiment

16

What is the enzymes shape said to be to the shape of its substrate?

Complementary

17

How can the structure of a protein molecule be changed?

By heat or pH