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Flashcards in Documentary Deck (20):
1

Documentary

-narrative, categorical, or rhetorical
-“creative treatment of actuality.”
-implicit contract that exists between those who produce and distribute documentaries and those who watch them, both of whom regard documentary as fundamentally truthful

2

documentary style

-contributes substantially to our experience, perception + response
-historically to be associated with truthfulness
-expository, observational, participatory
-conventions used to elicit trust
-detachment makes us feel like they are objective

3

Expository

-characterized by verbal commentary and a presentational mode

4

Observational

-characterized by an invisible camera and a world that “speaks itself”
-1950s: direct cinema wanted world to speak for itself
-ppl don't look at camera, invisible spectators

5

Participatory

-characterized by the filmmaker’s presence on camera and a frank acknowledgement of the filmmaking process
-calls attention to conventions of documentary
-relationship betw. filmmaker + subject

6

reflexive

-most truthful: lay bare process + relationship with subject
-becomes part of movie
-investigatory process
-no way to be an invisible spectator
-calls attention assumptions + conventions that govern documentary filmmaking

7

evidentiary editing

-allows for creation of rhetoric
-organized in a way that is around logic
-not concerned with space + time, but in logic
-expository

8

categorical

-provide info
-convey categorized info
-groupings to organize knowledge of world

9

rhetorical

-persuade viewer
-make argument
1)adresses viewer openly
2)matter of opinion: presents evidence+arguments, expression of ideology
3)appeals to our emotions
4persuade you to make a choice

10

cinema verite

-filmmaker is more involved, provokes action
-180s-present, Michael Moore
-reflexivity

11

actuality

-social reality

12

creative treatment

-transforms raw data creatively
-choices on film stock, lens, framing, sound shapes view actuality

13

Re-presentation + Representation

-re-presentation: index, semiotics-material bond to something else
-cinema can preserve world + re-present it
-represent: shaping of what is presented, dictated by technical choices + view of filmmakers/idea of the world
-re-presentation supported by representation

14

August + Louis Lumiere

-founded cinema
-1895 started screening short mundane films
-filmed around the world + screened it

15

actualite

-film real life, little staging, taking slice of life

16

voice-over narration

-never appears on screen=voice of God narration
-on screen=expert

17

direct

-records ongoing events as it happens

18

interview

-testimonies about events/social movements

19

compilation

-assembling images from archival sources

20

rhetorical: types of argument

1)from source: relies on reliable sources of info
-present experts+knowledgable testimonies
2)subject centred: appeals to beliefs common at the time
-relies on evidence: stats, research, polls, usually through footage
-enthymemes: rely on widespread opinion+conceal crucial assumptions
3) viewer-centred: taps into emotion