DRUGS Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > DRUGS > Flashcards

Flashcards in DRUGS Deck (38):
1

EP*

increases heart rate, glucose blood level, vasoconstriction, bronchodilation, reverses cardiac arrest

2

NE*

vasoconstriction, increases BP

3

Dobutamine

tx of heart failure and cardiogenic shock

4

Xylazine

sedation and analgesia. Cardiodepressant

5

Terbutaline*

bronchodilator, sweat test

6

Phenylephrine*

vasoconstrictor, nasal decongestant

7

Isoproterenol*

cardiac stimulation

8

Phentolamine

prevent hypertension, prevention of dermal necrosis

9

Propanolol*

anti-arrhythmic

10

Atenolol*

anti-arrhythmic

11

Acetylcholine

decrease heart rate, vasodilation, increased GI motility and secretion, promotes urination, pupillary constriction, bronchoconstriction

12

carbachol*

promote bladder contraction, GI stimulant

13

bethanechol*

promote bladder contraction, GI stimulant

14

atropine

pupillary dilation, mild CNS depressant, increased heart rate

15

N-butylscopolammonium bromide*

antispasmotic agent for gas colic, aid for rectal exam

16

Glycopyrrolate

decrease secretions and block vagal inhib. reflexes

17

Edrophonium*

temporary reversal of competitive muscle relaxants, dx of myasthenia gravis

18

Neostigmine*

glaucoma, tx myasthenia gravis, ruminal/GI stimulant, reversal agent for muscle relaxants

19

Physostigmine*

similar to neostigmine

20

parathion*

ag insecticide, mosquito control, cattle dip/spray. Pupillary constriction, GI stimulant, anti-parasitic

21

Praladoxime (2-PAM)*

tx for OP poisoning

22

lidocaine*

local anesthetic, anti-arrhythmic agent, ophthalmic procedures, increase GI motility

23

Bupivacaine

nerve blocks, vasoconstriction

24

Mepivacaine

equine only! limb blocks

25

Contraindications of adrenergic agonists

congestive heart failure

26

drug interactions of phenylephrine

atropine, halogenated anaesthetics

27

drug interaction of propanolol

general anesthetics

28

Drug interaction of carbachol/bethanecol

adrenergic agonists

29

Drug interactions of reversible anticholinesterase agents

cocaine, morphine, ace, atropine, glycopyrrolate, succintlcholine

30

drug interaction of lidocaine

hepatic metabolism interference by cimetidine and propranolol

31

Contraindications of anticholinesterase agents

very ill, hepatic dz, resp. distress, pregnancy, GI obstruction, food/dairy animals, recent exposure to similar drug

32

Contraindications of carbachol/bethanecol

GI obstruction asthma

33

contra of Propranolol

bronchospastic lung dz (asthma), geriatrics

34

Which is more potenet: carbechol or bethanechol?

carbechol (Even more resistant to cholinesterase degradation)

35

How does glycopyrrolate differ from atropine?

less CNS effect, longer half life, MORE potent, less tachycardia

36

lidocaine is slowly metabolized by what species?

cats

37

which is longer acting: lidocaine or bupivacaine?

bupivacaine

38

Which is longer acting: edrophonium or neostigmine?

neostigmine