drugs of abuse - clinical Sx of withrdawal and toxicities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in drugs of abuse - clinical Sx of withrdawal and toxicities Deck (15):
1

alcohol withdrawal

delirium tremens, autonomic hyperactivity

2

opioid intoxication

euphoria, resp./CNS depression, pinpoint pupils, seizures

3

opioid intoxication tx

naltrexone, naloxone

4

opioid withdrawal

lacrimation, dilated pupils, piloerection, rinorrhea, yawning, nausea, diarrhea, stomach cramps

5

opioid withdrawal tx

long term support, methadone, buprenorphine. For neonates: tincture of opium

6

alcohol withdrawal tx

benzodiazepines

7

benzodiazepine intoxicity

ataxia, minor resp. depression

8

benzodiazepine toxicity tx

flumazenil

9

Amphetamine withdrawal

increased appetite, hypersomnolence, anhedonia, existential crisis

10

Cocain intoxication

pupil dilation, hallucination, sudden cardiac death

11

cocaine intoxication tx

benzodiazepine

12

nicotine withdrawal

irritability, anxiety, craving

13

PCP intoxication

Belligerence, nystagmus, homicidality, psychosis, delirium

14

PCP withdrawal

death from trauma secondary to belligerene, ppor jdugement, memory loss

15

PCP intoxication tx

benzodiazepines, rapid-acting antipsychotics