E1: Book Wrap-up Flashcards Preview

Psych1000 > E1: Book Wrap-up > Flashcards

Flashcards in E1: Book Wrap-up Deck (24):
1

Introspection

ppl to inspect and report on the content of their own thoughts

2

Psychologist associated with introspection

Wundt

3

Structuralism

idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components

4

Psychologist associated with structuralism

Titchener

5

Functionalism

approach concerned with function of mind and behavior

6

Psychologist associated with functionalism

James

7

Evolutionary Theory

inherited, adaptive value of physical characteristics, of mental activity and of behavior

8

Psychologist associated with the evolutionary theory

Darwin

9

Gestalt Theory

idea that the whole of personal experience is different from simply the sum of its constituent elements

10

Psychologist associated with the gestalt theory

Wertheimer/Kohler

11

Directionality Problem

find correlation between two variables but can't figure out what variable caused the other variable to change

12

Cross-sectional Studies

compares participants from different groups at the same time

13

Longitudinal studies

studies the same participants multiple times over a period of time

14

Hawthorne effect

(aka - Reactivity) the participant will answer or do things differently/better because they know they are being watched/observed

15

Case Studies

involve the intense examination of unusual ppl or organizations

16

Self-report bias

collection of data where ppl are asked to provide information about themselves (ex. questionnaires/surveys)

17

Meta-Analysis

combination of multiple studies findings to arrive at a conclusion

18

Connection within neurons is...

electrical

19

Connection between neurons is...

chemical

20

Plasticity

a property of the brain that allows it to change as a result of experience, drugs, or injury

21

Visual Agnosia

impairment in recognition of visually presented objects

22

Hemineglect

patients fail to notice anything on their left side

23

Wernicke's Aphasia

inability to use or understand more than the most basic nouns and verbs

24

Broca's Aphasia

expression by speech or writing is severely impaired