Why are conservation areas developed?
Encourage wildlife back into cities.
Make cheap use of a derelict area - more expensive to set up as a park.
Reduce maintenance costs within an area.
Maintaining a diverse species base and reintroducing locally extinct species.
What work has been done regarding conservation areas?
Planting trees/native species.
Dredging of ponds/other water bodies.
What are some important organisations behind conservation?
Local authorities. National government. Natural England. Groundwork. English Heritage.
How do the attitudes of each conservation organisations differ from one another?
Different range of attitudes.
Local authorities have planning needs - have to balance the desire to make use of derelict land against the potential cost to local taxpayers.
Conservation groups - create environments where traditional species can re-establish.
Locals - want a safe environment for leisure (Fields of Trust) - wish to establish sports fields.
Urban wildlife groups - areas that provide cover for wildlife.
What are the issues of conservation?
Eventual management plan for an area.
Resolution of ownership.
Cost and the satisfaction of the needs of various user groups.
What is an example of a conservation area?
+ background information.
DULWICH UPPER WOOD CONSERVATION AREA. Southeast London. Remains of a once larger wooded area. Park - open at all times. Network of trails - some suitable for wheelchairs.
What type of vegetation can be found in the Dulwich Upper Wood conservation area?
Sycamore, oak, ash, lime trees - mostly shaded.
Few ground plants - shrubs e.g. laurel.
Plants - lord and ladies, and bluebells.
What type of fungi/animals can be found in the Dulwich Upper Wood conservation area?
250 different fungi types e.g. mushrooms/toadstools.
Best seen in autumn.
Live on dead wood/leaf litter - helps break down these materials and return nutrients to the soil.
Foxes, bats, mice, hedgehogs.
40 bird species - woodpeckers and owls.
Insects - butterflies and moths.
Why is the Dulwhich Upper Wood conservation area interesting? 8
- Conservation of abandoned Victorian gardens/ancient woodland.
- A number of preserved/re-created habitats e.g. herb gardens/floxglove areas.
- Both managed/allowed to grow wild.
- Range of different habitats.
- Diverse wildlife e.g. 40 bird species.
- ‘Original’ habitats preserved - enables native species to survive.
- Good example of preservation/human access.
- Educational value - posted nature trail.