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Flashcards in Economic & Political Influences on Health Deck (22)
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1

What is 'health' determined by?

Where you are born

Where you live

How you are brought up

Your life chances

Your political voice

Your family support

2

What are the reasons for the social and economic gradient of health?

Access to healthcare

Environmental exposures (physical and social)

Health behaviours

Life course factors

3

Why do polital, economic and military forces have an impact on health?

They change:

 

Recources available for allocation to public health

Impacts productivity

Exposure of population to risk factors

4

What are some examples of policies that impact health?

Health

Income security

Employment

Education

Housing

Business

Agriculture

Transportation

Justice

Technology

5

What can our social environment lead to?

Bad health decisions and then chronic disease

6

What are lifestyle choice heavily structured by>

Life circumstances

7

What are lifestyle choices difficult to change without?

Considering life contexts

8

What must effective policies to address health also address?

Economic inequality

Social inequality

9

What is done by the government in the UK to influence health?

Policies

Legislation

Taxation

10

What are some examples of policies, legislation and taxation in the UK to influence health?

Early life

Social support

Unemployment

Transport

Food and drink

11

What are examples of early life policies/legislation/taxation to influence health?

Perinatal scans

Immunisation programmes

Free early education

12

What are examples of social support policies/legislation/taxation to influence health?

Equality act

Discrimination laws

Data protection

Adult social care

13

What are examples of unemployment policies/legislation/taxation to influence health?

Benefits

Schemes to get people back into work

14

What are examples of transport policies/legislation/taxation to influence health?

Speed limits

Seat belts

Emmision laws

15

What are examples of food and drink policies/legislation/taxation to influence health?

Baby milk subsidies

Free school dinners

Tax on fatty foods and sugary drinks

16

How does a more educated population impact health?

More aware of health risk factors

More supportive of investment

More likely to use health services

17

How does the health of deprived people compare to those who are not?

Smaller life expectancy

More alcohol related admissions

Greater percentage of adults who smoke

More GP consultations per 1000 patients

18

What 3 A's is access to healthcare impacted by?

Affordability

Accessibility

Acceptability

19

What is an example of a nation spending more money on healthcare but being worse than another country?

US spends more than Cananda per capita and as a percentage of GDP but still has a smaller life expectancy

20

Where does funding for healthcare come from?

Taxation

 

21

What needs to be remembered about funding for healthcare?

Distributed across primary, secondary and tertiary care

Not bottomless

22

What is health strongly influenced by?

Wealth and equality of a nation

Political decisions making policies on a broad range of issues

Economic spend and control and ligislation