Medicine in a Multicultural Society Flashcards Preview

FoPC 1st Year > Medicine in a Multicultural Society > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medicine in a Multicultural Society Deck (16)
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1

What are some different examples of diversity?

Sexual orientation

Age

Mental/physical abilities

Ethnicity

Gender

Race

2

What are examples of different religions?

Buddhist

Catholic

Church of God

Jewish

Muslim

3

What are examples of different languages?

English

Spanish

Italian

French

German

Hebrew

4

What are examples of different cultures?

Asian

African

White/Caucasian

5

What is culture?

Learned and shared values of a particular group that guides thinking, actions, behaviours and emotional reactions to daily living

6

How does culture relate to health?

Central to the delivery of healthcare, influencing patients beliefs and how information is recieved

7

What are the 3 main areas of how culture impacts health?

Misunderstandings in diagnosis or in treatment planning

Poor patient adherence with treatments and poor outcomes

Healthcare disparities

8

What are examples of healthcare disparites for disease outcome?

Death rates from lung cancer are higher in black men than in white

Ethnic minority women with breast cancer have poorer survival rates than white women

Racial disparities in the utilisation of total joint knee replacement for knee osteoarthritis not explained by prevalence

9

What are examples of healthcare disparities for disease prevalence?

Rates of diabetes over 5x higher among Pakistani and Bangladeshi women than in general population

All male minority groups (except Chinese) higher rate of heart attacks

Black Caribbean men higher rates of stroke

10

What do cultural competencies acknowledge?

People develop an automatic depth of understanding the subject positions and cultures into which they are born

Achieving something like that depth of understanding for other subject positions and cultures is very difficult if not impossible

11

What is the process of gaining depth of understanding of subject positions and cultures other than your own?

Gaining various degrees of cultural competency

12

What does acquiring cultural competency require?

Be sensitive to language barriers

Consider body language

Consider other things such as gender, wealth, disability, sexual orientation

Consider religious factors

13

What kind of beliefs do religous factors impact?

Birth, death

Certain treatments

Prayer, medication and worship

Food preparation

14

What is the impact of cultural competency?

More successful patient education

More appropriate testing and screening

Fewer diagnostic errors

Avoidance of drug complications

Greater adgerence to medical advice

15

What is the LEARN model?

1) Listen to the patients perception of the problem

2) Explain your perception of the problem

3) Acknowledge and discuss differences/similarities

4) Recommend treatment

5) Negotiate treatment

16

What model is used to help healthcare providers overcome communication and cultural barriers?

LEARN model