Emergency Medicine - Abdominal Pain Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Emergency Medicine - Abdominal Pain Deck (10):
1

Normal size of abdominal aorta? Size of aneurysm? What section of the aorta is most commonly involved?

2cm. 3cm or greater. Infrarenal Aorta.

2

Classic triad of AAA? Signs of leakage into retroperitoneum?

Abdominal Pain, hypotension, and syncope.
Tremendous back and flank pain.

3

A history of Atrial Fibrillation can often lead to which abdominal complication?
Presentation?
What lab value may be elevated (late finding)?

Acute Mesenteric Ischemia (embolic).
Abdominal pain out of proportion to exam and blood in the lumen (guaiac positive stool).
Lactate.

4

Diagnostic test for Acute Mesenteric Ischemia (embolic)? Treatment?

Angiography.
Laparotomy.

5

Diagnostic test for Acute Mesenteric Ischemia (thrombotic)?
Treatment?

Angiography.
Heparin.

6

Most common cause of upper GI bleed?
Most common presentation?

Peptic Ulcers. Melena.

7

What solution should be used for NG lavage.

Warm tap water.

8

Contraindication to NG lavage placement?

Previous Gastric bypass surgery?

9

Most common cause of lower GI bleed?

Diverticulosis.

10

What is never allowed to be diagnosed via CT Scan?

Pregnancy.