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Flashcards in Emotion 5 Deck (16):
1

Emotion

Natural instinctive state of mind that is associated with one's circumstances, mood and relationships with others

2

Elements of Emotion

1. Physiological
2.Behavioral
3. Cognitive

3

Physiological Components of an Emotional Response

Changes in:
1. Heart rate
2. Breathing rate
3. Temperature
4. BP

***More pronounced with fear, aggression and embarrassment

4

Behavioral Components of an Emotional Response

1. Gestures
2. Facial Expressions
3. Body Language

5

Cognitive Component of an Emotional Response

Subjective interpretation of the emotional experience

6

Universal Emotions

1. Happiness
2. Sadness
3. Anger
4. Fear
5. Surprise
6. Contempt
7. Disgust

7

Theories of Emotion

1. James Lang
2. Cannon-Bard
Schachter-Singer

8

James-Lang Theory of Emotions

The subjective experience of emotion becomes possible through physiological, peripheral feedback

ex. car accident raises T, BP, and HR, leading to the subjective experience of anger

***Spinal-cord severance leads to diminished emotional response according to this theory****

9

Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion

Exposure to a stimulus sends sensory signals to both prefrontal cortex and sympathetic nervous system simultaneously, enabling both mental and physical perception of emotion before expression of an emotional response.

Therefore, severing peripheral feedback does not reduce the strength of an emotional response.

ex. Feeling afraid after physically perceiving a stimulus and sensing physiological responses triggered by it.

10

Schachter-Sing Theory of Emotion

AKA Two-Factor Theory or Cognitive-Arousal Theory
Idea:
Elevated arousal and particular environmental circumstances encourage the experience of a particular emotion

11

Limbic System

1. DeFinition:
System Responsible for Emotion, Motivation &
Learning

Components:
1. Thalamus
2. Hypothalamus
3. Hippocampus
4. Fornix
5. Amygdala
6. Septal nuclei
&
7. Parts of the Cerebral Cortex

12

Amygdala

Shape: Small, round structure
Cognitively responsible for:
1. Interpretation of facial expressions
2. Perception of fear
3. Generation of emotional response
4. Attention
5. Formation and retrieval of long-term, implicit,
emotional memories [i.e. remembering emotions
associated with an event in the past when placed in
an envi similar to one that originally yielded such
emotions]

Context
****processes the env, detects stimuli & produces emotion****

13

Hypothalamus

Location: underneath the thalamus
Functions:
1. Produces and releases neurotransmitters that
dictate emotional response
2. Involved in homeostatic maintenance
3. Serves as a relay station for sensory signals

14

Hippocampus

Location: in medial temporal lobe
Function:
1. Creation and retrieval of long-term, explicit,
emotional memories
2. Identification and interpretation of facial emotional
states
**an ability that improves w/ age is better
developed in females

15

Prefrontal Cortex

Main Functions
1. Judgment
2. Personality
3. Decision-making
4. Planning

Responsibility of Specific Regions of PFC
1. Dorsal PFC--->Cognition & Attention
2. Ventromedial PFC---> Decision-making and Emotion-
Control

16

Autonomic NS

Functions:
1. Regulates HR, BR, BP & T in response to type of emotion experienced