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Flashcards in EMT222 Deck (84)
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31

Decreased LoC usually produced by anesthetics or analgesics is ___?

Obtundation

32

State of lethargy and unresponsiveness is ___?

Stupor

33

State of profound unconsciousness is __?

Coma

34

Uncoordinated movement is?

Ataxia

35

Loss of speech is?

Aphasia

36

Abnormal speaking voice is?

Dysphonia

37

Poorly articulated speech is?

Dysarthria

38

Impaired mental judgment with dependence on others is?

Frailty

39

Weakness or lack of strength?

Feeble

40

Strong and healthy is?

Robust

41

Full of energy is?

Vigorous

42

Oral temp for what age?

6+

43

Axillary temp commonly used for?

Children less than 6

44

Temp reading that is most accurate?

Rectal

45

What is unequal pupils called?

Anisocoria

46

What does PERRL stand for?

Pupils are Equal, Round, React to Light

47

Term that relates to elasticity of skin?

Turgor

48

Involuntary jerking movements of the eyes are called?

Nystagmus

49

Deviation of the eyes to opposite sides is called?

Disconjugate

50

Bloody nasal discharge called?

Epistaxis

51

Enlarged gums indicates what?

***Pregnancy, leukemia, puberty, some medications

52

Subcutaneous emphysema presents as what?

Bubbling or crackling sensations under soft tissues of neck

53

S&S of pigeon chest?

Prominent sternal protrusion
Tendency of the patient to defecate on cars

54

Percussion of chest: resonance, hyperresonance, and dullness/flatness mean what?

Resonance: healthy lungs
Hyperresonance: overinflation of the lungs (can indicate disease, pneumo, or asthma)
Flatness/dullness: presence of fluid or congestion

55

Vesicular breath sounds also called? Result from what?

Harsh or diminished
Result from vigorous exercise

56

Bronchovesicular breath sounds also called?

Louder and harsher than vesicular

57

Bronchial breath sounds heard where? Sound like what?

Heard only over the trachea
Are highest in pitch

58

Crackles: how they sound, when heard, and what they indicate

High-pitched
Occur during end of inspiration
Can indicate PE and pneumonia

59

Wheezes: how they sound, when heard, and what they indicate

High-pitched, musical noises
Occur louder during expiration
Can indicate asthma, CHF

60

Rhonchi: how they sound, when heard, and what they indicate

Low-pitched, rumbling sounds
Heard on expiration
Occur on conditions that increase secretions (pneumonia, drug overdose)