Flashcards in EMT222 Deck (84)
Stridor: how it sounds, when heard, and what it indicates
High-pitched, crowing sound
Heard on inspiration
Indicates upper airway obstruction
How does pleural friction rub sound? What does it indicate?
Low-pitched, dry rubbing or grating sound
Caused by inflamed pleura as they slide on one another (pleurisy, viral infection, tuberculosis, PE)
What is apical impulse?
Visible and palpable force (heart)
Heart tones: how to listen for S1 and S2
S1: listen and ask pt to hold breath in expiration
S2: listen and ask pt to hold breath in inspiration
How to tell pericardial friction rub from pleural friction rub?
Pericardial will still be audible when pt holds breath
Discoloration found in the flank called?
Grey Turner's sign
"Let's do some Turners!"
Discoloration around the umbilicus called?
Assessing bowels---which first: auscultation or palpation?
Auscultation (palpation can disturb bowel sounds)
Tympany is what? Indicates what?
Major sound heard during abdominal percussion
Can indicate air in stomach or intestines
Discoloration of genitals is called what? Indicates what?
May indicate peritoneal bleeding
Pronator drift test also called?
Best way to assess pt coordination?
Have pt perform rapid alternating movements
Pt position for assessing abdomen?
Most common cause of a heart murmur?
CHART stands for...?
SOAP stands for...?
Plan of patient management
Resp. rates - Newborn, 1 year, 3 years, 5-7 years, 10-15 years, Adult
1 year 30-40
5-7 yrs 20-25
10-15 yrs 15-20
Primary injury prevention
Prevents problems before they occur
Secondary injury prevention
Detects issues already there and promotes early intervention
Tertiary injury prevention
Correct an issue and prevents further deterioration
Shifting focus used when?
To ask about a sensitive topic in an indirect way
Which communication technique is employed when the medic must help the patient identify irrational behavior, particularly if the patient is "acting out"?
Concept formation integrates the information found in which assessment piece?