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Flashcards in EMT222 Deck (84)
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61

Stridor: how it sounds, when heard, and what it indicates

High-pitched, crowing sound
Heard on inspiration
Indicates upper airway obstruction

62

How does pleural friction rub sound? What does it indicate?

Low-pitched, dry rubbing or grating sound
Caused by inflamed pleura as they slide on one another (pleurisy, viral infection, tuberculosis, PE)

63

What is apical impulse?

Visible and palpable force (heart)

64

Heart tones: how to listen for S1 and S2

S1: listen and ask pt to hold breath in expiration
S2: listen and ask pt to hold breath in inspiration

65

How to tell pericardial friction rub from pleural friction rub?

Pericardial will still be audible when pt holds breath

66

Discoloration found in the flank called?

Grey Turner's sign
"Let's do some Turners!"

67

Discoloration around the umbilicus called?

Cullen's sign

68

Assessing bowels---which first: auscultation or palpation?

Auscultation (palpation can disturb bowel sounds)

69

Tympany is what? Indicates what?

Major sound heard during abdominal percussion
Can indicate air in stomach or intestines

70

Discoloration of genitals is called what? Indicates what?

Coopernail's sign
May indicate peritoneal bleeding

71

Pronator drift test also called?

Arm drift

72

Best way to assess pt coordination?

Have pt perform rapid alternating movements

73

Pt position for assessing abdomen?

Supine

74

Most common cause of a heart murmur?

Valvular defect

75

CHART stands for...?

Chief complaint
History
Assessment
Rx (treatment)
Transport

76

SOAP stands for...?

Subjective data
Objective data
Assessment data
Plan of patient management

77

Resp. rates - Newborn, 1 year, 3 years, 5-7 years, 10-15 years, Adult

Newborn 40-60
1 year 30-40
5-7 yrs 20-25
10-15 yrs 15-20
Adult 12-24

78

Primary injury prevention

Prevents problems before they occur

79

Secondary injury prevention

Detects issues already there and promotes early intervention

80

Tertiary injury prevention

Correct an issue and prevents further deterioration

81

Shifting focus used when?

To ask about a sensitive topic in an indirect way

82

Which communication technique is employed when the medic must help the patient identify irrational behavior, particularly if the patient is "acting out"?

Distraction

83

Concept formation integrates the information found in which assessment piece?

General impression

84

Approach in data processing that considers all aspects before proceeding?

Divergent