Endocrine 5/1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrine 5/1 Deck (37):
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Endocrine

Gland that secretes directly into the bloodstream

1

Goiter

An enlargement of the thyroid gland

2

Ovary

The female gonad produces hormones causing the secondary sex characteristics to develop

3

Testosterone

Male hormone secretes by the testes that causes and maintains make secondary sex characteristics

4

Insulin

Hormone secreted by the islets of langerhans in the pancreas

5

Hormone

Chemical substance secreted by an organ or gland

6

Progesterone

Hormone secreted by the gaafian follicle following the expulsion of the ovum

7

Acr/o

Extremities ( hands and feet), top, extreme point

8

Exocrine

Gland that secretes substances through a duct into the body

9

Gonad

Sex glands, the ovaries in the females and testicles in the male

10

Pituitary

Small endocrine gland attached to the base of the brain; the "master" gland

11

Thyroid

An endocrine gland located anteriorly at the base of the neck

12

Adrenal

Pertaining to the adrenal glands which sit atop each kidney

13

Islets of langerhans

Clusters of cells on the pancreas

14

-dipsia

Thirst

15

Gonad/o

Gonad, sex glands

16

Ovari/o

Ovary

17

Pineal/o

Pineal gland

18

Thyroidectomy

Surgical removal of the thyroid gland

19

Gigantism

Condition resulting from the overproduction of the growth hormone during childhood

20

Hypoglycemia

Deficiency of sugar in the blood

21

Puberty

The period of life at which one becomes functionally capable of reproduction

22

Diabetes mellitus

Metabolic disease caused by the body's inability to use carbohydrates

23

Dwarfism

Condition caused by inadequate growth hormone during childhood

24

Parathyroid

Small endocrine lands located close to the thyroid gland

25

Adren/o

Adrenal glands

26

-ism

Condition, state of

27

Glycosuria

Sugar in the urine

28

Hypothyroidism

Condition caused by a marked deficiency of thyroid secretion

29

Testes

Male gonads of the scrotum that produce sperm

30

Adrenaline

An internal secretion derived from the adrenal glands

31

Estrogen

Female hormone produced by the ovaries

32

Thyr/o

Thyroid gland

33

Poly-

Many

34

Testic/o

Sperm producing gland testicle, testes

35

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

36

Pituitaro/o

Pituitary gland