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HESI NCLEX-RN EXAMINATION > Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrine System Deck (39)
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31

Which type of diabetes sometimes requires no medication

Type 2

32

List five symptom's of hyperglycemia

Polydipsia
Polyuria
Polyphagia
Weakness
Weight loss

33

List five symptoms of hypoglycemia

Hunger
Lethargy
Confusion
Tremors or shakes
SWeating

34

Name the necessary elements to include in teaching client newly diagnosed with diabetes

The underlying patho
Management and treatment
Meal planning
exercise program
insulin administration
sick day management
symptoms of both hypo and hyper
foot care

35

In fewer than 10 steps, describe the method of drawing up a mixed dose of insulin
Clear to Cloudy

-Identify the prescribed dose and type of insulin
-Store unopened insulin in the refrigerator
-Opened insulin may be kept at room temperature
-Draw up regular insulin first
-Rotate injection sites
-May reuse syringe by recapping

36

Identify the peak action time of the following types of insulin:
Rapid acting
Intermediate acting
Long acting

Rapid acting: 2-4 hours
Intermediate: 6-12
Long; 14-20

37

When preparing a client with diabetes for discharge, the nurse teaches the client the relationship between stress, exercise, bedtime snacking, and glucose balance. State the relationship of each

-Stress and stress hormones usually increase glucose production and increase insulin need
-Exercise may increase the change of hypoglycemia therefore client should always carry a fast acting source of carbohydrates

38

When making night rounds, the nurse notes that a client prescribed insulin is complaining of a headache, slight nausea, and minimal trembling. This clients hand is cool and moist. What is the client most likely experiencing

hypoglycemia

39

Identify five foot care intervention that should be taught to a client with diabetes.

-Check feet daily
-report any break or sores
-wear well fitting shoes
-never go barefoot
-never personally remove corns or calluses
-wash feet daily with mild soap
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