Endocrine System Abbreviations (Unit 16) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrine System Abbreviations (Unit 16) Deck (30):
1

Ca (Calcium)

Maintain strong bones. Stored in bones and teeth, where it supports hardness and structure.

2

Fe (Iron)

Deficiency limits oxygen delivery to cells, which results in fatigue, poor performance and decreased immunity.

Excess iron can result in toxicity and even death.

3

K (Potassium)

Helps nerves and muscles communicate, helps move nutrients into cells and waste out of cells.

Fruit from vines: grapes and blackberries
Leafy greens: spinach and collards
Root vegetables: carrots and potatoes
Citrus fruits: oranges and grapefruit

4

Na (sodium)

Control blood pressure and volume, needed for muscles and nerves to work properly.

5

2 hr pp
2 hour post-prandial (meal) blood glucose test

Blood test that measures body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates and produce insulin

Screen for diabetes

Used to evaluate the effectiveness of medication or dietary therapy for those with diabetes

6

BMP (basic metabolic panel)

Important information about current status of your kidneys

Electrolyte and acid/base balance and level of blood glucose from a blood sample drawn from your arm vein

7

BS (blood sugar)

Blood sugar tests are performed with portable electronic devices that measure levels of sugar in a small blood drop

8

FBS (fasting blood sugar)

Amount of sugar in the blood after eight long hours of starvation.

Depicts baseline glucose value of a person

9

GTT (glucose tolerance test)

Can be used to screen for type 2 diabetes

10

T3 thyroid test (triiodothyronine)

Needed when someone has abnormal TSH or T4 results
May be ordered when a person has symptoms suggesting hyperthyroidism

11

T4 thyroid test (thyroxine)

Used to diagnose hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism
Ordered when there is an abnormal TSH test result

12

TSH (thyroid-stimulation hormone)

Used to check for thyroid gland problems
Seeks to make thyroid gland excrete two hormones
1.) triiodothyronine (T3)
2.) thyroxine (T4)

13

DM (diabetes mellitus)

Condition in which pancreas no longer produces enough insulin or cells stop responding to the insulin that is produced
Glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed into the cells of the body

14

Type I (Type 1 diabetes)

Formerly known as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes

15

Type II (Type 2 diabetes)

Formerly known as adult onset diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes

16

Glands (combining form)

Aden/o

17

Lymph (combining form)

Lymph/o

18

Exocrine glands (combining forms) and definition

Secretes out of the body
Ex/o = out
-crine = secrete

19

Endocrine glands (combining forms) and definition

Secrete hormones within the bloodstream
End/o = within or inside

20

Pituitary gland (combining form) and definition

Pituitar/o
Located at base of the brain, pea-sized, produces hormones that stimulate the function of other endocrine glands

21

Adrenal glands (combining forms) and definition

Adren/o, Adrenal/o
Influences metabolism and stress
Pair, one above each kidney

22

Thyroid gland (combining forms) and definition

Thyr/o or Thyroid/o
Largest gland, located in neck below larynx
Stimulates metabolism

23

Parathyroid gland (combining form) and definition

Not related to Thyroid gland
Parathyroid/o
Maintains level of calcium in bones
located next to, or inside thyroid gland

24

Cortex (combining form) and definition

Cortic/o
Outer layer of a body organ

25

Medulla (combining form) and definition

Medull/o
Middle or inner layer of a body organ

26

Extremities (combining form)

Acr/o

27

Calcium (combining form)

Calc/i

28

Thirst (combining form)

Dips/o

29

Potassium (combining form)

Kal/i

30

Sodium (combining form)

Natr/o