Intro. to Bones and Muscles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro. to Bones and Muscles Deck (77):
1

Skull

Crani/o

2

Spine; Vertebral Column

Vertebr/o
Spondyl/o
Rachi/o

3

Lower back area

Lumb/o
Lumbar

4

Cervical Vertebrae

C-1 thru C-7

5

Thoracic Vertebrae

T-1 thru T-12

6

Lumbar Vertebrae

L-1 thru L-5

7

Collar Bone

Clavic/o
Clavicle

8

Shoulder Blade

Scapul/o
Scapula

9

Upper Arm Bone

Humer/o
Humerus

10

Breast Bone

Stern/o
Sternum

11

Ribs

Cost/o
Costal

12

Cartilage

Chondr/o

13

Finger or Toe bones

Phalang/o
Phalanges

14

Bones of the Wrist

Carp/o
Carpals

15

Ankle Bone

Tars/o
Tarsals

16

Part of the hip bone

ilium

17

Upper Leg Bone

Femor/o
Femur

18

Knee Cap

Patell/o
Patella

19

Lower Leg Bone

Fibul/o
Fibula

20

Alignment

Placing fractured bones into correct anatomical position..

21

Ambulate

Able to walk

22

Ambulatory

Pertaining to walking

23

Deformity/Deformed

Distortion of any part of the body.

24

Dislocate/Dislocation

Temporary displacement of a bone from its joint.

25

Immobilize/Immobilization

Making a part or limb so that it cannot be moved.

26

Orthopod

Orthopedist

27

Reduce/Reduction

Restoring a fractured bone to its normal position.

28

Symmetry

Both sides being equal.

29

Traction

Pulling force on a limb to return bone or joint to normal position.

30

CR

Closed reduction

31

CRIF

Closed reduction internal fixation (fracture treatment)

32

ORIF

Open reduction internal fixation (surgical fracture treatment)

33

Abduction

Moving away from the midline

34

Adduction

Moving toward the midline

35

Inversion

Turning inward

36

Eversion

Turning outward

37

Extension

Moving a limb to a straight position

38

Flexion

Bending a limb

39

Pronation

Turning the palm down

40

Supination

Turning palm up

41

Rotation

Turning around on its own axis

42

Joints

Arthr/o

43

Tendon

Attaches muscle to bone
Ten/o, Tend/o, Tendin/o

44

Bursa

Burs/o
Fibrous sac that acts like a cushion in the joints.

45

Ligament

Connects bone to bone

46

Synovial Fluid

Acts as a lubricant within movable joints.

47

Joints

Connections between the bones

48

Symphysis Joint

Sym = with, together, joined together,
Physis = to grow
Bones grow together with cartilage and function as one.

49

Menisc/o

Cartilage within a joint

50

Bone

Oste/o, Ost/o

51

Bone Marrow or Spinal Cord

Myel/o

52

Muscle

My/o, Myos/o

53

Ankylosis

Loss of mobility in a joint
Ankyl/o = stiff
Osis = abnormal condition

54

Intercostal

Inter = within, inside
Costal = ribs
Pertaining to between the ribs.

55

Osteoclasis

Surgical Fx a bone to correct a deformity.
Clasis = to break surgically

56

Osteodesis

Fusion; surgically fuse together bone
Desis = surgical fusion

57

Lord/o

Bent forward

58

Kyph/o

Hump, humpback

59

Myoasthenia

Asthenia = weakness
Muscle weakness

60

Osteoarthritis

Inflammation of the bones and joints

61

Orthopedic surgeon

Specializes in bones, joints, and muscles
Orth/o = straight

62

Kineseiology

Study of the movement and motion of muscles and body parts.
Kinesi/o = movement or motion

63

Fx

Fracture (Broken Bone)

64

disl

Dislocation

65

ROM

Range of Motion

66

OT

Occupational Therapy

67

PT

Physical Therapy

68

OA

Osteoarthritis

69

Ht

Height

70

Wt

Weight

71

Ortho

Orthopedics

72

MD

Muscular Dystrophy

73

D.O

Doctor of Osteopathy

74

NSAID

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

75

RA

Rheumatoid arthritis

76

AKA

Above Knee Amputation

77

BKA

Below the Knee Amputation