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Flashcards in Clubbymcwankfist Deck (78):
1

What is a Word Root?

Core meaning of the term 

2

What is a Suffix?

Added to the end; procedures, conditions, or disease

3

What is a prefix?

What do they refer to?

Attached to beginning, 

Refer to time,position, direction, number, negation

 

 

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Intra-

Within or inside

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sub-

below

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Arthr/o

joints

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hepat/o

liver

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oste/o

bone

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ven/o

vein

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-algia

 

Arthralgia 

 

pain

 

Joint pain 

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-centesis

 

Abdominocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

 

 

removing fluid from your abs

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-cyte

 

leukocyte

cell

 

white blood cells

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-dynia

 

Arthrodynia

pain

 

Joint pain 

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-ectomy

 

appendectomy

surgical removal

 

surgical removal of appendix 

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-emia

 

hypoglycemia

blood condition

 

low blood sugar

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-gram, -graph

 

sonogram

 

photograph

record, x-ray, picture

 

sound waves to create images

 

picture or record

 

 

 

 

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-graphy

 

photography

processing of recording picture or record

 

process of developing or creating pictures

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-itis

 

Hepastitis

inflammation

 

inflammation of the liver 

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-malacia

 

osteomalacia

abnormal softening 

 

softening of the bones

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-megaly

 

cardiomegaly

enlargement 

 

englarged heart 

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-meter

 

Thermometer

instrument used to measure 

 

used to measure temperature 

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-oid

 

android

like, resembling

 

resembling a man 

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-ologist

 

psychologist

specialist

 

studies mind and emtoin

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-ology

 

psychology

study of

 

study of the mind

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-oma

 

Blastoma 

tumor

 

A type of cancer

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-osis

 

psychosis

abnormal condition

 

abnormality of the mind 

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-ostomy

 

 

colostomy

creating an artificial opening 

 

 

artifical opening into the colon 

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-otomy

surgical incision 

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-pathy

 

cardiopathy

disease

 

heart disease

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-phobia

 

arachnophobia

abnormal fear of specific things

 

fear of spiders

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-plasty 

 

arthroplasty

surgical repair 

 

surgical repair of a joint

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-ptosis

 

nephroptosis

drooping, sagging, prolapse 

 

drooping of the kidney 

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-rrhagia, --rrhage

 

Hemorrhage 

abnormal flow or discharge (blood)

 

abnormal flow or discharge of blood

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-rrhaphy

 

myorrhaphy

 

suturing 

 

stitching muscle tissue

35

-rrhea

 

diarrhea 

abnormal flow or discharge (not blood)

 

abnormal flow of excrement 

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-rrhexis

 

myorrhexis

rupture

 

ruptured muscle 

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-sclerosis

 

arteriosclerosis

abnormal hardening 

 

abnormal hardening of the arteries 

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-scope 

 

microscope

instrument used for visual examination

 

see's small things

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-scopy

 

colonscopy

visual examination

 

visual examination of colon

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-stasis

 

hemostasis

stop, control

 

stop or control bleeding

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-stenosis

 

arteriostenosis

abnormal narrowing 

 

narrowing of the ateries 

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