Endocrine System Disorders Flashcards Preview

LVN SEMESTER III > Endocrine System Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrine System Disorders Deck (47):
1

Condition presenting with adrenal hyperfunction (504)

Cushings syndrome

2

Diet for cushings syndrome (505)

Low sodium

Reduced calorie

Reduced carbohydrates

High potassium

3

Symptoms of cushings disease (505)

Edema

Water retention

Weight gain

Mood swings

Moonface

Hirsutism

4

Symptoms of thyroid crisis that can lead to lethal complications (502)

Seizures

Tachycardia

Dysrhythmia

Heart failure

5

What's lacking with diabetes insipidus (492)

ADH - antidiuretic hormone

6

Acromegaly results from an overproduction of what hormone (489)

GH - somatotropin

7

Nursing diagnosis for goiter resulting from hyperthyroidism

Disturbed body image

8

Diagnostic tests of the thyroid that uses radioactive iodine with a camera (496)

Radioactive iodine uptake test and thyroid scan

9

Patient position following subthyroidectomy (497)

Semi-fowlers

10

Bedside equipment following thyroidectomy (497)

Suction tray

Tracheostomy tray

11

Indicated by positive Choztek's and Trousseau's sign.

Low calcium levels

12

Potential complications from deficiency of parathyroid hormone secretion.

Laryngeal spasms

Stridor

Cyanosis

Asphyxia

(Not osteoporosis)

13

Gland responsible for 28 year old patient presenting with enlarged hands and feet, amenoria, and abnormal hair growth (489)

Pituitary gland

14

Diet for hypothyroidism (498)

Low calorie

15

Signs of too much thyroid replacement.

Tachycardia

Tremors

Nervousness

Angina

16

Complication for patient with grave's disease admitted with SOB, 103F, 160BPM, 24RR, 160/80 BP, and distended neck veins.

Thyroid storm

17

Procedure for doing Trousseau's sign.

Inflate BP cuff on upper arm for 3 min, observe for flexion.

18

Observations during assessment of hypothyroid patient (499)

Hypothermia

Constipation

19

Medication for hypoparathyroidism (503)

Calcium gluconate

20

Expothalamus

Edema causing eyes to bug out.

21

Gland responsible for high calcium levels.

Parathyroid

22

Medication for treatment of Addison's disease (507)

Florinef

23

Medical condition resulting from congenital lack of thyroid (498)

Creatinism

24

Creatinism

Hypothyroidism issue

25

Medical term for excessive thirst.

Polydipsia*

26

Test performed every 2-3 months for newly diagnosed DM (512)

HbAic

27

Treatment for DM II.

Diet and exercise

Oral hypoglycemics

Insulin

28

Causes overproduction of GH (489)

Idiopathic hyperplasia of pituitary gland or tumor growth

29

Nursing response to atypical (weird) symptoms.

Nonjudgemental

30

Typical oversized features with gigantism (489)

Head and lower jaw

31

Causes lipodystrophy in insulin dependent diabetic patient (517)

Not rotating injection sites

Injection too cold

32

Typical symptoms for blood glucose of 45.

Faintness

Sudden weakness

Diaphoresis

Irritability

33

Signs and symptoms of DM II.

3 P's

34

When to administer lispro insulin before meals?

15 minutes before meals.

35

Onset of action after administration of NPH (515)

2-4 hours

36

Cause of DM I patient reporting headache, tremors, pale, and diaphoretic.

Hypoglycemia

37

Signs of hyperglycemia.

Sleepy

Lethargic

Slow

38

Foot care for a DM patient (522)

Watch feet, no powder or cream between toes, wide shoes, round toe nails, clean absorbent socks, and frequent foot assessments.

39

Medical term for excess glucose in urine (511)

Glycosuria

40

Glycosylated hemoglobin test (512)

Ha1c

41

Administration of emergency insulin (515)

Regular insulin vis IV

42

Types of insulin given at bed time, with no peak, can't be mixed, and stays steady throughout the day.

Lantus

43

Which is drawn up first with short acting and long acting insulin.

Short acting

44

Best insulin injection site.

Abdomen

45

(Non medical) treatment for patient with hypoglycemia.

Sugar, sugar cubes, and salteen crackers

46

Medical term for adult hypothyroidism (498)

Myxedema

47

What percentage of calories from carbohydrates in diabetic patient (513)

45-50%