Mental Health 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mental Health 3 Deck (53):
1

Community group to help with alcohol addiction.

AA - alcoholics anonymous

2

Nursing interventions for disorientation associated with the detoxification period.

Orient patient to surroundings

Use of night lights

Remove clutter

Remove extra stimuli (TV off)

3

Medication for treatment of opioid overdose.

Narcan - administer slowly

4

Physical manifestation of amphetamine overdose.

Parkinson's like symptoms

5

Effects of amphetamine overdose manifestations.

Permanent

6

Another name for PCP

Angel dust

7

How long do the hallucinations for PCP last?

6-12 hours

8

Problem associated with long term use of LSD.

Flashbacks

9

Definition of an addictive personality.

Person exhibiting compulsive and habitual substance abuse.

10

Signs of frequent marijuana use.

Abnormal sleeping and eating patterns

Altered perceptions

Decreased immune function

Decreased sperm count

11

Substance abuse is suspected when what occurs after cessation?

Withdrawals

12

What is the cure for addiction?

Abstinence

13

The object of treatment is to assist the client abstain from substance abuse. This phase is called:

Rehabilitation

14

What are street drugs?

Illegal drugs that are not approved in the US

15

How many steps are there in the recovery program for AA?

12 steps

16

How long does it take for cocaine to take effect if taken IV?

30 seconds, but the effects are very short lived.

17

Another term for marijuana.

Cannabis

18

Considered the most widely used illicit drug in the US.

Marijuana, cannabis

19

Gateway drugs:

Alcohol

Marijuana

Inhalants

20

Long-term regular use of marijuana can cause:

Reproductive problems

21

Signs and symptoms of delirium tremens:

Tremors

Activity increased

Extreme hallucinations

Elevated temperature

22

In the late stage of dependence, people have a poor recovery prognosis without:

Treatment

23

Alcohol withdrawal syndrome:

Occurs in a person that has a physiological dependence and quits drinking for any reason.

If a person attempts to stop drinking but begins to develop tremors, agitation, hallucinations, and other flu-like symptoms - known as alcohol withdrawal.

24

Definition of drug abuse:

Misuse of drugs with or without a prescription for non-medical reasons.

25

What part of the brain is being damaged with drug abuse:

Limbic system

26

Most frequently used drug for people between 14-17 years of age.

Inhalants

27

What is it called when people in a group setting sometimes use solvents on a cloth or in a bag and pass it around?

Huffing

28

Neuro-toxic effects of MDMA (ecstasy):

Serotonin depletion of the brain, which causes a depletion of brain cells.

29

Narcotic that has no medical use, and routes of consumption:

Heroin - most widely abused opioid.

Injection

Inhalation

Smoking

30

Preliminary question to ask before administration of Antabuse:

When was your last drink?

31

Signs and symptoms of moderate dosage of PCP:

Flushing and sweating

Generalized numbness

Poor coordination

Feelings of increased strength and power

HTN and tachycardia

32

Signs and symptoms of heroine withdrawal:

Rhinitis

Lacrimation

Flu-like symptoms

33

Medications prescribed for alcohol detoxifications presents with withdrawal symptoms:

Librium

Revia

34

Examples of depressant drugs:

Alcohol

Sedative hypnotics

Opioid analgesics

35

Hallucinogens that alter perception are derived from:

Natural or synthetic drugs

36

Drug category that may trigger the fight or flight response with altered though perception of ability of flight?

Hallucinogenic drug effects

37

The Apache American Indians have the right to use this hallucinogen derived from what plant?

Peyote cactus - mescaline and silicidine are naturally occurring hallucinogens.

38

The most potent of all hallucinogens:

LSD

39

Suspected drug presents with "seeing melting walls" and "hearing colors" and "seeing sounds."

LSD

40

Signs and symptoms of alcohol withdrawal:

Agitation

Jerky movement

Hyper alertness

Insomnia

41

Patient placement to maintain a patent airway:

Side laying position

42

Examples of anti-anxiety drugs:

Ativan

Xanax

Busbar

Sarax

43

Example of an anti-depressant:

Elavil - requires 2-4 weeks to take affect.

44

Example of a common SSRI:

Prozac

45

Radical treatment for someone not responding to typical treatment methods:

ECT (electro convulsive therapy)

46

Group at risk for developing lithium toxicity:

Older adults due to the slower metabolism.

47

Common side-effects of anti-cholinergic drugs:

Dry mouth.

From Haldol and antipsychotics.

48

Foods to avoid while on MAOI inhibitors:

Thiamine rich foods:

coffee, chocolate, beer, avocados, bananas, red wine.

49

Therapeutic levels of Lithium:

0.42 - 1.3 mEq

50

Before any patient can take herbal medications, you must instruct them to:

Consult their physician

51

Stages of dependence:

Early

Middle

Late

52

In the late stage of dependence, people will not improve without:

Treatment

53

What is detoxification?

The removal of poisonous effects of a substance.