Flashcards in Mental Health 3 Deck (53):
Community group to help with alcohol addiction.
AA - alcoholics anonymous
Nursing interventions for disorientation associated with the detoxification period.
Orient patient to surroundings
Use of night lights
Remove extra stimuli (TV off)
Medication for treatment of opioid overdose.
Narcan - administer slowly
Physical manifestation of amphetamine overdose.
Parkinson's like symptoms
Effects of amphetamine overdose manifestations.
Another name for PCP
How long do the hallucinations for PCP last?
Problem associated with long term use of LSD.
Definition of an addictive personality.
Person exhibiting compulsive and habitual substance abuse.
Signs of frequent marijuana use.
Abnormal sleeping and eating patterns
Decreased immune function
Decreased sperm count
Substance abuse is suspected when what occurs after cessation?
What is the cure for addiction?
The object of treatment is to assist the client abstain from substance abuse. This phase is called:
What are street drugs?
Illegal drugs that are not approved in the US
How many steps are there in the recovery program for AA?
How long does it take for cocaine to take effect if taken IV?
30 seconds, but the effects are very short lived.
Another term for marijuana.
Considered the most widely used illicit drug in the US.
Long-term regular use of marijuana can cause:
Signs and symptoms of delirium tremens:
In the late stage of dependence, people have a poor recovery prognosis without:
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome:
Occurs in a person that has a physiological dependence and quits drinking for any reason.
If a person attempts to stop drinking but begins to develop tremors, agitation, hallucinations, and other flu-like symptoms - known as alcohol withdrawal.
Definition of drug abuse:
Misuse of drugs with or without a prescription for non-medical reasons.
What part of the brain is being damaged with drug abuse:
Most frequently used drug for people between 14-17 years of age.
What is it called when people in a group setting sometimes use solvents on a cloth or in a bag and pass it around?
Neuro-toxic effects of MDMA (ecstasy):
Serotonin depletion of the brain, which causes a depletion of brain cells.
Narcotic that has no medical use, and routes of consumption:
Heroin - most widely abused opioid.
Preliminary question to ask before administration of Antabuse:
When was your last drink?
Signs and symptoms of moderate dosage of PCP:
Flushing and sweating
Feelings of increased strength and power
HTN and tachycardia
Signs and symptoms of heroine withdrawal:
Medications prescribed for alcohol detoxifications presents with withdrawal symptoms:
Examples of depressant drugs:
Hallucinogens that alter perception are derived from:
Natural or synthetic drugs
Drug category that may trigger the fight or flight response with altered though perception of ability of flight?
Hallucinogenic drug effects
The Apache American Indians have the right to use this hallucinogen derived from what plant?
Peyote cactus - mescaline and silicidine are naturally occurring hallucinogens.
The most potent of all hallucinogens:
Suspected drug presents with "seeing melting walls" and "hearing colors" and "seeing sounds."
Signs and symptoms of alcohol withdrawal:
Patient placement to maintain a patent airway:
Side laying position
Examples of anti-anxiety drugs:
Example of an anti-depressant:
Elavil - requires 2-4 weeks to take affect.
Example of a common SSRI:
Radical treatment for someone not responding to typical treatment methods:
ECT (electro convulsive therapy)
Group at risk for developing lithium toxicity:
Older adults due to the slower metabolism.
Common side-effects of anti-cholinergic drugs:
From Haldol and antipsychotics.
Foods to avoid while on MAOI inhibitors:
Thiamine rich foods:
coffee, chocolate, beer, avocados, bananas, red wine.
Therapeutic levels of Lithium:
0.42 - 1.3 mEq
Before any patient can take herbal medications, you must instruct them to:
Consult their physician
Stages of dependence:
In the late stage of dependence, people will not improve without: