Endocrinology Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics PLE > Endocrinology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrinology Deck (16):
1

Definitive diagnosis for Hypopituitarism

Absent or low levels of GH in response to stimulation

2

Normal range for height; over time it starts falling off the height curve

Pathological short stature

3

Normal range for height; normal final adult height is reached but growth spurt and puberty is delayed

Constitutional Short Stature

4

Stays parallel to the growth Curve

Familial Short Stature

5

Parallel to the growth curve but is much more marked

Prenatal Short Stature

6

Overproduction of GH with open epiphyses

Gigantism

7

Overproduction of GH with closed epiphyses

Acromegaly

8

Diagnosis of GH excess

Serum Somatomedin C (IGF-I)

9

Cardinal features of Diabetes Insipidus

Polyuria
Polydipsia

10

Principal regulator of tonicity

Secreted from the posterior pituitary

Synthesized in the paraventicular and supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus

Has both antidiuretic and vasopressor

Vasopressin

11

Vasopressin deficiency

Central Diabetes Insipidus

12

Vasopressin insensitivity

Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

13

How to distinguish Central VS Nephrogenic DI

Water deprivation test and ADH administration

14

Serum osmolality >300 mOsm/kg
Urine osmolality <300 mOsm/kg

Diabetes Insipidus

15

Precocious puberty in boys and girls

Boys: 9y/o
Girls: 8y/o

16

Treatment for true precocious puberty

Leuprolide Acetate