English Vocab 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in English Vocab 8 Deck (41):
0

abnormal

not usual, not typical, strange

Syn: freakish, unnatural, irregular, anomalous
Ant: normal, usual, regular, typical

1

capsize

to turn bottom side up, upset

Syn: overturn, upend, tip over
Ant: remain upright

2

catastrophe

a large scale disaster, misfortune or failure

syn: calamity, tragedy, cataclysm
ant: triumph, victory, success

3

decrease

to become or make less; a lessening

syn: less, reduce, dwindle, diminish
ant: increase, grow, develop, wax

4

disputatious

inclined to argue or debate; provoking debate

syn: argumentative, quarrelsome, contentious
ant: nonargumentative, peaceable, pacific

5

eject

to drive or throw out, evict

syn: oust, expel, kick out
ant: admit, let in, insert

6

flourish

to grow, thrive, be prosperous; to wave in the air;
a dramatic gesture; a fanfare of horns

syn: prosper, burgeon, increase
ant: wither, die, fade, shrivel up

7

incentive

a reason for doing something; something that stimulates action

syn: stimulus, spur, motive, inducement
ant: curb, check, restraint, hindrance

8

insubordinate

disobedient, rebellious

syn: defiant, unruly, mutinous
ant: obedient, submissive, docile, tractable

9

legible

easily read

syn: readable, clear, decipherable
ant: unreadable, indecipherable

10

onslaught

a violent attack; a sudden rush of something

sn: assault, charge, foray, onset

11

ordain

to establish by law; to order or command; to appoint as a priest or minister; to destine

syn: anoint, consecrate, enact, decree
ant: forbid, veto, cancel

12

outstrip

to get ahead of, do better than, exceed

syn: outdo, outperform, outdistance, surpass
ant: trail, lag behind

13

pervade

to spread throughout

syn: saturate, permeate, diffuse, imbue

14

prudent

cautious, careful, showing good sense

syn: wary, sensible, judicious
ant: foolish, unwise, rash, reckless

15

quench

to put out, extinguish, end

syn: douse, stifle, slake
ant: ignite, kindle

16

remnant

a small part remaining behind

syn: remainder, residue, leftover, fragment

17

simultaneous

happening or existing at the same time

syn: occurring at the same time, concurrent
ant: occurring at different times

18

swerve

to turn aside sharply; a sharp or sudden turn

syn: veer, digress, sheer off

19

By offering customers low prices and good terms, the new store hopes to ___ the competition.

outstrip

20

Pollutants ____ the atmosphere of many of our nation's large cities.

pervade

21

The firefighters will ___ the flames with water.

quench

22

It pays to make __ investments.

prudent

23

By the end of the war, the rebels had but a ___ of their former stregnth.

remnant

24

Be aware that if you ___ too sharply, you may lose control of the car.

swerve

25

The diplomats put on headphones so that they could listen to a ___ translation of the speech.

simultaneous

26

The sudden ____ of the bus caused some passengers to fall out of their seats.

swerve

27

It is fortunate for lovers of the arts that painting and opera still ____ in Italy.

flourish

28

The ___ soldier repeatedly interrupted his commanding officer.

insubordinate

29

Actors often enter the stage with a ___.

flourish

30

Because career advancement is such a strong ____, adults are usually eager and hard-working students.

incentive

31

In keeping with the jokes, pharmacists will tell you that most doctors' handwriting is barely ___.

legible

32

To prepare for the ____ of winter, we replenished our supply of firewood and rock salt.

onslaught

33

Ancient astrologers believed that the stars could ___ one's future.

ordain

34

The security guards arrived to ____ the troublesome spectator from the stands.

eject

35

For my sister, who is always late, being early for an appointment would constitute an ___ situation.

abnormal

36

The ____ senator had engaged in filibusters to block the passage of many a bill.

disputatious

37

Anyone watching could see that it was our inexperience that caused us to ___ the canoe.

capsize

38

The manager hopes that theft will ___ once the new security system is installed.

decrease

39

During the COld War, the US did everything possible to avoid a nuclear _____.

catastrophe

40

Because of a sharp ____ in sales, the company had to lay off two-thirds of its workers.

decrease