English Vocab 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in English Vocab 9 Deck (44):
0

accelerate

to speed up, cause to move faster; to bring out more quickly

syn: step up, quicken, hasten
ant: slow down, retard, decelerate

1

bystander

one who looks on or observes, a person present but not taking part

syn: observer, spectator, onlooker
ant: active participant

2

canvass

to go through an area in order to procure votes, sales or opinions; to go over in detail, to discuss

syn: poll, survey, solicit

3

casual

happening by chance or on an irregular basis; showing little concern; informal

syn: accidental, haphazard, offhand
ant: formal, serious, premeditated, intentional

4

downtrodden

treated unfairly and cruelly, oppressed

syn: mistreated, ground underfoot
ant: uplifted, liberated

5

entice

to attract, tempt

syn: lure, beguile
ant: nauseate, sicken, revolt, repel

6

erode

to wear away gradually, eat away

syn: corrode, abrade
ant: nurture, promote, encourage

7

flounder

to thrash about in a clumsy or ineffective way

syn: wallow, struggle

8

graphic

lifelike, vivid; relating to the pictorial arts

syn: lively, colorful, descriptive
ant: dull, boring, unrealistic, colorless

9

gruesome

horrible, revolting, ghastly

syn: gory, hideous, grisly
ant: pleasant, delightful, appealing

10

melancholy

sad, gloomy, unhappy; sadness, gloominess

syn: depressed, dejected
ant: merry, happy. cheerful, joy, elation

11

ordeal

a difficult or painful experience, a trial

syn: test, hardship
ant: pleasure, cinch

12

parch

to make dry and thirsty, to shrivel with heat

syn: dry up, dehydrate, desiccate
ant: soak, drench, saturate, waterlog

13

persist

to continue steadily in a course of action, refuse to stop or be changed; to last, remain

syn: persevere, keep at it, endure
ant: give up, discontinue

14

puny

of less than normal strength or size; of no importance

syn: undersized, pint-size, small, weak
ant: robust, brawny, mammoth, gigantic

15

quibble

to evade or belittle a point by twisting words or raising minor objections; a petty objection

syn: nitpick, split hairs, cavil, squabble

16

ratify

to approve, give formal approval to, confirm

syn: endorse, sanction, uphold
ant: cancel, repeal, annul, veto

17

regal

royal, kinglike; fit for a king

syn: majestic, stately, princely, august
ant: lowly, humble, abject, servile

18

stifle

to smother, prevent from breathing; to hold back or choke off

syn: strangle, suppress, snuff
ant: nurture, promote, encourage

19

vital

having life, living; necessary to life, essential; key, crucial

syn: indispensable, fundamental
ant: nonessential, unnecessary

20

Despite stern warnings from their doctor, the brothers _____ in their bad habits.

persist

21

The wrestler let out a coarse burst of laughter when his ___ opponent entered the ring.

puny

22

The legislatures of three fourths of the states must ____ an amendment to the US Constitution.

ratify

23

Unable to ____ her anger, the sculptor lashed out at her harshest critic.

stifle

24

Let's not ___ over details.

quibble

25

The two families pooled their resources to give the bride and groom a truly ___ wedding.

regal

26

The treaty is of ____ importance to the security of our nation.

vital

27

The buyer's ____ notwithstanding, the parties soon came to an arrangment.

quibble

28

Storms and mud slides ____ the road so that eventually it became impassible.

eroded

29

A witness gave the reporter a ___ account of the destruction caused by the tornado.

graphic

30

If you were spending your own money, rather than mine, you would be more inclined to ____ over the price of the repairs.

quibble

31

After suffering much damage in the storm, the small craft was left to ____ about helplessly.

flounder

32

The ___ crime rocked the ordinarily quiet neighborhood.

gruesome

33

The climbers were exhausted by the ____.

ordeal

34

It must have been the gloom of the house and the steady rain that made me feel so _____.

melancholy

35

The fields of Oklahoma were ____ by drought in the 1930s.

parched

36

The tune of the lyrics of the song were filled with ____.

melancholy

37

The hikers needed to ___ their pace once it became clear that it would soon rain.

accelerate

38

The students volunteered to ____ the neighborhood for our candidate.

canvass

39

Most of the immigrants at Ellis Island represented the ____ masses yearning to be free.

downtrodden

40

The ___ who had witnessed the collision gave his statement to the police.

bystander

41

A ___ remark made by the mayor was taken out of context and used against him by the press.

casual

42

To ___ shoppers into the store, salespersons were giving away coupons for free gifts.

entice

43

A group of reporters from the local TV station ___ our district for reactions to the proposed changes in the law.

canvassed