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Flashcards in ENOT/optho Deck (15)
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1

What is the MC atopic dz?

allergic rhinitis

2

Tx for allergic rhinitis

Avid triggers

Antihistamines, decongestants

Cromolyn nasal soln, topical steroids

3

Oral Candidiasis tx

Infants: oral nystatin swabs for 7-14 d, boiling of bottle nipples and pacifiers

Older children: oral nystatin rinses or systemic fluconazole if severe

4

Peritonsillar Abscess tx

Abx covering staph and strep IV ampicillin-sulbactam or IV clindamycin If no resp to initial Abx add vancomycin, needle aspiration or I and D followed by supportive care

5

Acute Pharyngotonsillitis
(strep throat) tx

Penicillin or amoxicillin

6

Acute Pharyngotonsillitis
(strep throat) tx if penicillin allergic

cephalexin, cefadroxil, clindaqmycin, azithromycin and clarithromycin

7

OM etiology

S. pneumo

8

OM tx

Amox 90mg/kg/day divided into 2 doses x 10 days for younger kids

2nd line → Augmentin (amoxicillin Clavulante)

PCN allergy→ ceftriaxone

9

TM perf tx

Keep dry

From trauma: no abx but refer for hearing loss

If d/t infection → amoxicillin PO + ofloxacin otic drops

10

What side does weber lateralize to with CHL?

TO the affected ear

11

What side does weber lateralize to with SNHL?

away from the affected ear

12

what does it mean if Rinne shows that AC>BC

hearing is either normal or there is SNHL

13

what if rinne shoes BC>AC

CHL

14

Tx for ETD

Nasal decongestants: sudafed, afrin for 3 days max

Nasal steroids: (flonase, nasonex)

15

orbital cellultiis tx

Broad spectrum IV abx until fever subsides then 2-3 wks of po abx

Nafcillin, metronidazole or clindamycin, 2nd or 3rd gen cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones

Vanc if MRSA is suspected