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Flashcards in Enviromental fed. Laws Deck (19)
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1

Clean Water Act

Regulates discharge of pollutants into waterways and establishes quality standards for surface waters, including industry wastewater standards.

2

Comprehensive Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA)

Fed. money for cleanup of hazardous waste sites including accidents and spills. EPA administered. Remediation funded by parties responsible, if no party can be identified the "superfund" provides for the remediation of the area.

3

Department of Transportation Regulations (DOT Regs)

Specify kinds of containers and methods of packing to be used in the transport of various hazardous materials.

4

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-know Act

Protects communities from the harmful effects of hazardous chemicals. Requires companies to disclose info about toxic substances they are emitting into water, air, and land. Mandates that each state establish a State Emergency Response Commission.

5

Energy Policy Act

Creates standards governing energy production in the U.S., including energy efficiency, electricity, renewable energy, etc.

6

Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act

Freedom to Farm Act; law is administered by Dept. Of Agriculture. Addresses farm conservation and wetland production; makes loans available in some situations for particular crops. Reviews past and current agricultural practices.

7

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

Regulates pesticide sale, distribution, and use. Pesticides must be reviewed and registered prior to use in the U.S. Pesticides may be banned if it is found to cause harm

8

Food Quality Protection Act

Aids protection of public health by setting and maintaining strict food safety standards. Safeguards infants and children from pesticide exposure in food, water, and indoor sources.

9

General Mining Act

Gives people the right to prospect and mine on federal lands, with the exception of those protected from human impact (I.e.: national parks)

10

Lacey Act

First passed to protect game species and wild birds, has been expanded to include all plants and animals. Prohibits the trade in wildlife, fish, and plants that have been illegally taken, transported, and sold. Administered through dpts. of interior, agriculture, and commerce.

11

OSHA

Workers right to know

12

Marine protection, research, and sanctuaries act

Ocean Dumping Act. Illegal to dump all materials into the ocean without a permit.

13

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

Controls hazardous waste throughout its entire life cycle "cradle to grave". Also manages nonhazardous waste.

14

Safe Drinking Water Act

Serves to protect drinking water sources. Standards set for drinking water quality.

15

Soil Conservation Act

Established Soil Conservation Service (CSC) to address soil erosion issues and preserve national resources. Administered through dpmt. Of Agriculture

16

Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act

Reauthorization cleanup activities of hazardous wate sites through CERCLA

17

Surface Mine Control Reclamation Act

Regulates coal-mining activities to protect both humans and environments. Also governs restoration of abandoned mining locations

18

Toxic Substances Control Act

Establishes requirements for the reporting, recording, and testing of chemical substances, as well as restrictions on these substances. Some substances are not included under the TSCA including pesticides, food, drugs, and cosmetics.

19

Clean Air Act

Regulates emissions from both mobile and stationary sources, and hazardous emissions; establishes National Ambient Air Quality Standards to protect human health