Epping Forest # Flashcards

1
Q

Where is Epping forest?

A

North East of London.

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2
Q

What are the key features of Epping forest?

A
  • several native tree species including; oak, elm, ash and beech.
  • A lower scrub layer of grasses, brambles and bracken that form the main producers.
  • Many insects, mammals, amphibians and birds, which are the consumers.
  • over 700 species of fungi, which are important decomposers in the ecosystem.
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3
Q

How do humans impact the ecosystem of Epping forest?

A
  • Visitors pick fruit and berries, helping to disperse the seeds.
  • Many trees have been coppiced (cut down to ground level) or pollarded (cut down to shoulder level) to encourage new, straight growth for timber.
  • Epping forest has been managed for centuries, initially as a hunting forest for royalty, then for its timber.
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4
Q

What are the ecosystem interrelationships for deciduous trees in spring in Epping forest?

A
  • Flowering bulbs such as bluebells make use of the sunlight penetrating through the branches.
  • The stored nutrients are used by the growing plants (producers) to produce fruit, berries and nuts that will feed consumers.
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5
Q

What are the ecosystem interrelationships for deciduous trees in spring in Epping forest?

A
  • The broad trees grow quickly in the spring. With a large surface area, they maximise the suns energy to photosynthesise.
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6
Q

What are the ecosystem interrelationships for deciduous trees in autumn in Epping forest?

A
  • To conserve energy and moisture, the trees shed their leaves.
  • This is a direct response to the UKs climate, as the temperature and hours of sunlight decrease.
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7
Q

What are the ecosystem interrelationships for deciduous trees in winter in Epping forest?

A
  • Bacteria and fungi decompose the leaf litter, releasing the nutrients into the soil.
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