Typhoon Haiyan, November 2013 # Flashcards

1
Q

How many people were killed by Typhoon Haiyan?

A

6,300 - most drowned by the storm surge.

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2
Q

How many fishing boats did Typhoon Haiyan destroy?

A

30,000 fishing boats.

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3
Q

What are the primary effects of Typhoon Haiyan?

A
  • 6,300 people killed, most drowned by the storm surge.
  • 30,000 fishing boats were destroyed.
  • over 400mm of rain caused widespread flooding.
  • Tacloban airport badly damaged.
  • Strong winds damaged buildings and power lines and destroyed crops.
  • 90% of Tacloban city destroyed.
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4
Q

What are the secondary effects of Typhoon Haiyan?

A
  • 14 million people were affected, many left homeless.
  • 6 million people lost their source of income.
  • Flooding caused landslides and blocked roads, cutting off aid to remote communities.
  • Power supplies in some areas cut off for a month.
  • Shortages of water, food and shelter affected many people, leading to outbreaks of disease.
  • Many jobs lost, hospitals were damaged, shops and schools were destroyed, affecting peoples livelihoods and education.
  • Ferry services and airline flights disrupted for weeks, slowing down aid efforts.
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5
Q

What were the immediate responses of Typhoon Haiyan?

A
  • International government and aid agencies responded quickly with food aid, water and temporary shelters.
  • Over 1200 evacuation centres were set up to help the homeless.
  • UK government sent shelter kits, each one able to provide emergency shelter for a family.
  • The Philippines red cross delivered basic food aid, which included rice, canned food, sugar, salt and cooking oil.
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6
Q

What were the Long-term responses of Typhoon Haiyan?

A
  • Thousands of homes have been built away from areas at risk of flooding.
  • Rebuilding of roads, bridges and airport facilities.
  • Aid agencies such as Oxfam supported the replacement of fishing boats - a vital source of income.
  • ‘Cash for work’ programmes - people paid to help clear debris and rebuild the city.
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7
Q

How many people were affected by Typhoon Haiyan?

A

14 million.

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8
Q

Where was Typhoon Haiyan?

A

The Philippines.

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9
Q

When did Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines?

A

7 November 2013

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10
Q

How many islands is the Philippines made up of?

A

over 7,000 islands
Population is concentrated on only 11 islands

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