Flashcards in Equine Repro Diseases Deck (31)
What is a persistent CL?
P4 made by CL prevents estrus
A mare with anestrus during breeding season may have what repro problem?
How do you treat a persistent CL?
How do you treat a retained placenta in a horse?
Oxytocin and lavage
How do you treat uterine artery hemorrhage post-foaling?
What is the MoA of aminocaproic acid?
Blocks activation of plasminogen to plasmin (clot stabilization)
What are clinical signs of uterine artery hemorrhage?
Recent foaling, low PCV, tachycardia
When do abortions related to twinning usually occur in horses?
What might precede a twinning-related abortion?
How do you prevent twinning?
Manual reduction (crushing) between 13-15d gestation
What chromosomal condition prevents a mare from ever having a normal pregnancy?
What condition is usually seen in older, thin mares due to abnormal perianal conformation?
How do you treat a pneumovagina?
Caslick procedure + increase BW of mare
What is a Caslick procedure?
Horizontal sutures @ dorsal labia
What does pneumovagina predispose to?
Vaginitis and endometritis
What reproductive condition is seen in obese draft mares late in pregnancy?
Ruptured prepubic tendon
Which tendon runs along the ventrum and provides major support for all structures in the equine abdomen?
How do you treat a prepubic tendon rupture?
Sling under abdomen, vet-assisted parturition
If a mare in her last trimester shows signs of colic, anorexia, and frequently attempts to urinate, which condition might she have?
How can you tell if the uterus is twisted on rectal palpation?
Broad lig pulled tight over uterus from R to L
How do you treat a uterine torsion?
What is endometritis?
How do you diagnose endometritis?
What will you see on uterine cytology if the mare has endometritis?
High % neuts (+/- bacteria)
Why is a culture useless to dx endometritis in a horse?
So many commensal organisms
What organisms found in pre-ejaculate culture swabs have high assoc. of causing endometritis?
Pseudomonas and Klebsiella
What is a "windsucker" condition?
What level of IgG is considered adequate (normal) passive transfer in a horse?
Which breed is predisposed to severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID)?