ESL dialogs words and expressions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ESL dialogs words and expressions Deck (193):
1

a warning; telling someone what is going to happen he should be prepared; a warning; telling someone about something before it happens

Mom: Too late for the ...! Something just fell on my head.

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* Didn’t anyone give you the heads up about how difficult it can be to work for Beatrix?


2

to take care, a caution; a warning to let people know that there is a danger and they need to
be cautious when doing or not doing something

Mom: This is the kitchen? Why are all of your dishes on the floor? What do you keep in your cupboards?
Brett: ... opening them! We’re short on closet space so some of the guys keep their clothes and shoes in them. You never know what you’ll find if you open one.

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* Be careful when you open that can of soda because it was moving around a lot in the car and it might explode.

3


polite, formal, not necessarily friendly, but polite; polite and formal but not friendly; polite and formal but not friendly:

Buck: It’s the third time in a week that I’ve had lousy service. I don’t expect fivestar
treatment, but I do expect service industry employees to be at least ...

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service

“Those two girls are always civil toward each other, but they never spend time together
as friends.”

* Even though we don’t like our neighbor, we need to be civil to her.


4

a long surface in the shop, restaurant where a customer stands on one side and employee stands on another;a long, flat surface like a table where the customer stands on one side and the employee stands on the other side and where things are bought and sold; long, flat surface like a table where the customer stands on one side and the employee stands on the other side and where things are bought and sold:

Star: What happened this time?
Buck: I walked in and went up to the ... to place my order. The woman
working there was talking to her friend, another customer. I stood there, clearly
needing to be waited on and she couldn’t have cared less.
ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service



"There was a long line of people waiting in front of the counter at the bank.”
* Jarrod put the milk and eggs on the counter and waited for the cashier to tell him how much they would cost.


5

fake; false; imitation
People make and sell many types of “...” (fake; false; imitation) products,
trying to “cash in on” (profit from; make money on) the success of well-known
“brands” (the name under which a particular company’s products are sold). Most
of these counterfeit products are sold by people who try to “pass them off as”
(make other people believe something that isn’t true) the real thing.


ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products cultural note

6

crowded; without much space to move around;without very much space
to move around:


Brett: It is, isn’t it? I know you were a little worried about me moving out and into
a house with five roommates. But as you can see, this is a nice place. Let me
give you a tour.
Mom: Oh, okay. Isn’t it a little ... in the house with six people?
ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions
“The office became very cramped when the company hired
three new employees and didn’t have empty space for them to work in.”
*Their little economy car began to get more and more ... as their family grew.

7

When we talk about writing, “...” means a style of handwriting that is difficult to
read because it is too small or the letters are too close together:


His writing is so .... that no one can read it.”

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

8

large metal/wooden boxes that have doors on them where you can keep you dinnerware; large wooden box with a door that is hung on a kitchen or bathroom wall to hold things

Mom: This is the kitchen? Why are all of your dishes on the floor? What do you
keep in your ...?
Brett: Be careful opening them! We’re short on closet space so some of the
guys keep their clothes and shoes in them.

* In which cupboard do you keep the flour and sugar?

9

to change your face the other person knows you are not happy/angry; scowl; a way of moving one’s eyes, nose, and mouth to change one’s facial expression and show that one is angry or not pleased about
something


Buck: Are you kidding? She didn’t stop talking for one second. When she finally
took a breath, I told her my order. She gave me a ... and finally turned
around to get my coffee. She practically threw it at me!

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service

* The librarian gave us a dirty look when we were making too much noise in the
quiet library.

10

a tape of the thin plastic that says "Do not cross"; a warning printed on yellow ribbons, put in places where the police do not want people to go to the other side of those yellow ribbons

Brett: No way! Come on. I’ll show you the rest of the house. Let’s go this way
to the kitchen. Watch out for that hole in the floor. I don’t want you to trip. And
don’t worry about the “..” tape. It’s just a joke.

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* After the murder, the apartment’s front door was covered with Do Not Cross
tape because no one but the police was allowed to enter



11

very good service; very good customer service that makes one feel like a very
important person

Buck: It’s the third time in a week that I’ve had lousy service. I don’t expect ..., but I do expect service industry employees to be at least civil.

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service

* Our hotel is the best in the city, always giving five-star treatment to all our
guests.

12

phrase used to show that something is not very

important, or that one has no interest in something; phrase used to show that something is extremely

unimportant to oneself, less important than anything else



Buck: I walked in and went up to the counter to place my order. The woman
working there was talking to her friend, another customer. I stood there, clearly
needing to be waited on and she ....


“.....” This expression is when you are saying I don't care about something; it's not

important to me. “I couldn't care less who wins the World Series in baseball,”

that's not true actually, but that's an example. “I couldn't care less.”

Well, that expression some people use without the negative to mean the same

thing - “I could care less who wins.” It means the same thing as “I couldn't care

less,” but “I couldn't care less” is the original and the more correct expression.

The same is true here, “what I wouldn't give” is the more popular and more

correct expression. But, because these expressions become popular, they get

changed by people as they use them.

* I couldn’t care less about what Jenny had for dinner last night. Why does she always talk about such unimportant things?

* I thought the professor would be mad that I was coming late to class, but he
couldn’t have cared less.

13

makes you angry or mad; something that makes one very angry and upset; very annoying

Buck: I got a cup of coffee, but not the kind I ordered. When I realized it, I went
back to the counter and she was still talking to her friend. I interrupted her and told her that I got the wrong order. She had the chutzpah to try to tell me that I
had made a mistake in telling her my order. Not only did she not take
responsibility for her mistake, she tried to tell me that it was my fault!
Star: That’s really .... What are you going to do?

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service

* That woman is so infuriating! I hate listening to her give her opinions.

14

IIt`s been a long time since we have seen each other


VOA Learning English - English in a minute

15

a warning; something bad is about to happen and someone needs to protect himself; a warning to let people know that there is a danger and they need to be careful

Mom: Too late for the heads up! Something just fell on my head.
Brett: Oh, it’s nothing. It’s just a little problem with the ceiling.
Mom: ... I think the ceiling is falling down! This place is dangerous!

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* Look out! That dog bites people who get too close to it.

16

bad, not very good, poor quality; poor quality; bad; not very good

Buck: I’m never going to that coffee house again!
Star: Why? What happened?
Buck: It’s the third time in a week that I’ve had .... service. I don’t expect fivestar
treatment, but I do expect service industry employees to be at least civil.

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* That’s a lousy movie. I saw it last week and I’m sure you won’t like it.

17

won’t continue to be angry

When they do not get good customer service, they
often complain to the manager, who “addresses” (responds to) their complaint.Usually the manager apologizes” (says that he or she is sorry) and sometimes offers to give the customer something for free to make sure that there are ...,” making sure that the customer won’t continue to be angry and tell
his or her friends about the bad customd

SL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service CULTURE NOTE

no hard feelings

18

almost, virtually, nearly; almost; virtually; nearly


Buck: Are you kidding? She didn’t stop talking for one second. When she finally
took a breath, I told her my order. She gave me a dirty look and finally turned
around to get my coffee. She .... threw it at me!

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service
* We practically had to sell everything we owned to have enough money to pay
for food last month.

19

where the crime took place



Brett continues, “And don’t worry about the ‘Do Not Cross – Police Line’ tape.
It’s a joke.” When there’s a crime, when someone does something illegal, and
the police come to where the crime took place – we would call it ...” – they usually have an investigation, and they put a long piece of thin
plastic that says “Do Not Cross.” It’s telling people they cannot come into this
area. For example, if there’s a murder and they find a body, they would put
police tape, this long, thin piece of plastic that says “Do Not Cross” – do not
come

explanation ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

20

the businesses and people who work by providing services to people


Buck: It’s the third time in a week that I’ve had lousy service. I don’t expect fivestar
treatment, but I do expect ... employees to be at least civil

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service

Hair salons, restaurants, and hotels are all examples of businesses in the
service industry


21

to recognize you, to look at your eyes, to nod; to recognize that someone is there, looking into
one’s eyes and/or saying hello, even if one does not have time to speak with or
help that person

Star: You mean she didn’t even ... you?
Buck: Are you kidding? She didn’t stop talking for one second. When she finally
took a breath, I told her my order. She gave me a dirty look and finally turned
around to get my coffee. She practically threw it at me!

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service
* The secretary was on the phone when I walked into the office, but he
acknowledged me by looking up and smiling.

22

to be aware of what is going around you; to be paying attention; aware of what is happening around oneself

Mom: Look out! I think the ceiling is falling down! This place is dangerous!
Brett: It’s nothing. Don’t worry. As long as we stay ..., this is a great place to
live.

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* He thinks that drinking coffee every morning makes him more alert at the office.

23

to not have enough of something, often money; to have less than
is required;means that someone doesn’t have enough of something, specifically money; lacking; without enough of something; without as much of something as one needs

Mom: This is the kitchen? Why are all of your dishes on the floor? What do you
keep in your cupboards?
Brett: Be careful opening them! We’re .... closet space so some of the
guys keep their clothes and shoes in them. You never know what you’ll find if you open one.

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* My father gave me some money to buy the bike, but I am still 10 dollars short.
“I want to buy this pair of shoes, but I’m three dollars short.”
*The hikers were short on water, so they decided to limit themselves to one
small bottle every two hours.



24

to be served or helped by an employee at a restaurant for instance; to be served by an employee; to have an employee ask what one wants to buy and bring that thing to oneself

Buck: I walked in and went up to the counter to place my order. The woman
working there was talking to her friend, another customer. I stood there, clearly
needing to be ... and she couldn’t have cared less.


ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service

* At the restaurant last night, we were waited on by a young waiter with pink hair.


25

to say that one is unhappy about something and wants it to be
changed

Star: That’s really infuriating. What are you going to do?
Buck: One good thing about her talking with her friend for so long is that I got her
name. I’ll be calling the manager to ....



ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service


* The new camera we bought on the Internet didn’t work, so we called the store
to complain.

26

to set a limit:

WHAT ELSE DOES THAT MEAN? ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

"Normally Quentin tolerates it when his employees arrive late, but he ... with Martin, who
didn’t come to work until 3:00 p.m"

Finally, the phrase “to draw the line” means to set a limit: “Normally Quentin tolerates it when his employees arrive late, but he drew the line with Martin, who
didn’t come to work until 3:00 p.m.”




27

to make; register a complaint


SL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service CULTURE NOTE

When people receive extremely bad service, or when they think that a business
is using “deceptive” (not truthful) “practices” (ways of doing business), they might
“file” (make; register) a complaint with the Better Business Bureau (BBB).


28

uncomfortable of doing smth; to suddenly become too frightened to do something you had planned to do, especially something important like getting married

VOA Learning English - English in a minute

We're getting married next Saturday - that's if Trevor doesn't get cold feet! I'm worried she may be getting cold feet about our trip to Patagonia.


29

to have nerve, the gut; nerve; the courage or confidence to do something that other people
probably wouldn’t do, usually because they would be scared to do it

Buck: I got a cup of coffee, but not the kind I ordered. When I realized it, I went
back to the counter and she was still talking to her friend. I interrupted her and told her that I got the wrong order. She had the... to try to tell me that I
had made a mistake in telling her my order. Not only did she not take
responsibility for her mistake, she tried to tell me that it was my fault!


ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service

* You showed a lot of chutzpah when you told that man to stop smoking on the
bus


30

to put in jail



"First, it tries to make U.S. currency very difficult to counterfeit, for example by printing the money on
special paper with special “inks” (colored liquid used for printing). Second, it tries to identify and “imprison” (put in jail) people who counterfeit currency."


CULTURE NOTE ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

31

to know what is happening; to know the most recent information; to be aware of the latest developments; to be up-to-date; to have the most recent information about something that is changing rapidly

Shauna: You’ve been on the phone with her the entire time we’ve been having this conversation?

Paul: How else can we keep up on everything that’s going on in each other’s lives?

ESL Podcast 810 – Switching Cell Phone Plans

* How do pharmacists ... all the new medicines that are introduced each
year?


32

to leave one place and to move to another apartment; to leave the place where one has been living and begin living in a new place, especially when one leaves one’s parents’ home

Mom: Hi, dear. This is…uh…nice.
Brett: It is, isn’t it? I know you were a little worried about me ... and into
a house with five roommates. But as you can see, this is a nice place. Let me
give you a tour.

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* Many Americans move out on their own when they are 18 years old.


33

to get too upset by a situation that is not really important; to make
something more important than it should be; to react to something too strongly; to act like something is more
important than it really is

Buck: One good thing about her talking with her friend for so long is that I got her
name. I’ll be calling the manager to complain.
Star: Aren’t you ...?

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service


Ginger says, ""Okay, I'm sorry. Maybe I overreacted."" To ""overreact"" as a verb, all
one word…to overreact means that you replied or responded to someone in a
way that was too angry, you got more angry or more upset than the situation
called for, or that was appropriate for the situation. So, for example, your son
may come in and say, ""Dad, I broke my watch."" And you say, ""You broke your
watch? I'm never going to buy you another watch again!"" Well, that would be
overreacting. It was a small thing and you make it into a big thing. You make a
big deal about it, a big deal of it. So, that’s to ""overreact."""


* When Chrissy got 70% on her math test, her parents overreacted, telling her
that she couldn’t go out with her friends for four months and making her study
math for two hours every afternoon.
* When Charlie forgot my birthday I didn’t talk to him for a week. I guess I
overreacted a little.



34

make other people believe something that isn’t true

CULTURE NOTE ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

People make and sell many types of “counterfeit” (fake; false; imitation) products,
trying to “cash in on” (profit from; make money on) the success of well-known
“brands” (the name under which a particular company’s products are sold). Most
of these counterfeit products are sold by people who try to “pass them off as”
(make other people believe something that isn’t true) the real thing.


35

to notice smth, to be aware of; to say someone you want he is to be aware of;to notice something; to be attentive to something; to be aware of something

Mom: You only have one bathroom for six people?
Brett: We’re guys so we don’t really need more than one bathroom. I just have
to..... to when people take showers if I want enough hot water for my
own shower. Watch your head!

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* Do you pay attention to the international news, or just the local news?


36

to make someone fall in love with oneself:

WHAT ELSE DOES THAT MEAN? ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

The phrase “....” means to make
someone fall in love with oneself: “Ellery ..., but then treated her very
badly and she swore she’d never fall in love again.”


“Ellery stole her heart, but then treated her very
badly and she swore she’d never fall in love again.”


37

to agree that smth is your fault; to agree that something was one’s
own fault and accept the consequences (the things that happen as a result)


Buck: I got a cup of coffee, but not the kind I ordered. When I realized it, I went
back to the counter and she was still talking to her friend. I interrupted her and told her that I got the wrong order. She had the chutzpah to try to tell me that I
had made a mistake in telling her my order. Not only did she not ...for her mistake, she tried to tell me that it was my fault!

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service

* I drove too quickly and now I need to take responsibility for it by paying for the
ticket that the police gave me.


38

to find the difficult balance between two things:

WHAT ELSE DOES THAT MEAN? ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

The phrase
“to ...” means to find the difficult balance between two things:

“As a high-powered attorney, she walks a fine line between confidence and arrogance.”



39

a warning to say someone can be in danger, someone should be careful about smth; a warning to let people know that there is a danger and they need to be careful

Brett: No way! Come on. I’ll show you the rest of the house. Let’s go this way
to the kitchen. ... for that hole in the floor. I don’t want you to trip. And
don’t worry about the “Do Not Cross – Police Line” tape. It’s just a joke.

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* Watch out for the cars when you cross the street! They drive too quickly here.

40

someone should be careful not to hit head on smth; a warning to let people know that there is a danger and they need to be careful or else they might hit their head on something


Brett: We’re guys so we don’t really need more than one bathroom. I just have
to pay attention to when people take showers if I want enough hot water for my
own shower. ...!

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions

* Watch your head! The ceilings are very low here and tall people sometimes hit
their head on them

41

a caution to warn someone to look where to put his feet (e.g. the water spilled over the floor); to be aware of where one is walking and where one puts one’s feet, usually because there is something dangerous about the area where one is walking



ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions



* Watch your step! There are a lot of dogs around here and I don’t want you to
get your new shoes dirty.

42

to treat someone carefully and gently, because someone is upset or angry

VOA Leraning English - English in a minute

You`d better treat him with kids gloves

43

a painful problem in
part of one’s body when a muscle gets very tight and won’t relax:



WHAT ELSE DOES THAT MEAN? ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions



“After wearing high-heeled shoes all day, she had horrible cramps in her feet and couldn’t walk
for 10 minutes after taking them off.”

44

means that one thinks that he or she is better than other people

what else does it mean?


ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions


“After her song was played on the radio, she went on an ego trip and started thinking that she was the best singer in the world.”

45

o interfere with someone’s life so that he or she cannot do what he
or she would like to do:

what else does it mean?

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions



“George doesn’t want to live with his parents because
they cramp his style.”

46

make other people believe something that isn’t true

WHAT ELSE DOES THAT MEAN? ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

People make and sell many types of “counterfeit” (fake; false; imitation) products,
trying to “cash in on” (profit from; make money on) the success of well-known
“brands” (the name under which a particular company’s products are sold). Most
of these counterfeit products are sold by people who try to “pass them off as”
(make other people believe something that isn’t true) the real thing.



47

to hit your leg against smth to fall down or almost fall down; to accidentally hit one’s foot against something so that one almost falls down;means to accidentally hit one’s foot against
something so that one almost falls down:

Brett: No way! Come on. I’ll show you the rest of the house. Let’s go this way
to the kitchen. Watch out for that hole in the floor. I don’t want you to .... And
don’t worry about the “Do Not Cross – Police Line” tape. It’s just a joke.

ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions




“Teo’s toys were all over the floor and
visitors were tripping on them.”
* Carolina didn’t see the step there and she tripped over it.

48

usually a visit or a period of time spent traveling

what else does it mean? ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions


“Did you enjoy your trip to Venice Beach?

49

can also be the experience that one has when using illegal drugs:

what else does it mean?ESL Podcast 401 – Giving Warnings and Cautions



“They’re addicted to the trip that they get from taking heroin.”

50

the original, not a copy, not an imitation, not a fake = genuine; an original; not a copy or a fake; what something actually claims to be

Lindsay: Look at this designer bag I bought. It was such a steal!
Rafael: Let me see that. You do know that this is an imitation, not the ....,
right?

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products
* I know that a lot of websites are lying when they say they’ll help you become a
millionaire in just a few weeks, but this one is the real thing!


51

a copy, a fake, smth. that is not original; a copy; fake; not an original

Lindsay: Look at this designer bag I bought. It was such a steal!
Rafael: Let me see that. You do know that this is an ..., not the real thing,
right?

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

* Chantrelle doesn’t have enough money to buy a fur coat, so she bought an
imitation fur coat instead


52

the original, not a copy, not an imitation, not a fake; real; not fake; original

Lindsay: Well, there was a guy on the street selling all of these ... designer
bags. He said he got them straight from the factory, and that’s why he could sell
them at such a markdown.

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products
* Is that a genuine diamond ring, or is it cubic zirconium?


53

to get smth directly from (e.g. a factory); directly from; without any intermediary or middleman

Rafael: Where did you buy it?
Lindsay: Well, there was a guy on the street selling all of these genuine designer
bags. He said he .... the factory, and that’s why he could sell
them at such a markdown

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products


* Mark says he heard it straight from the CEO: we’re all getting a 5% raise this
year.

54

a discount; discount; a reduction from the normal selling price

Rafael: Where did you buy it?
Lindsay: Well, there was a guy on the street selling all of these genuine designer
bags. He said he got them straight from the factory, and that’s why he could sell
them at such a ....

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

* At the end of the winter, you can find great markdowns on winter jackets in
most department stores.


55

very cheap, at a very low cost; extremely inexpensive; at a very low cost

Rafael: The reason he could sell it .... is because this is a knockoff. I
know you’re a sucker for a bargain, but I can’t believe you fell for his line.

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products


* If they’re selling a car dirt cheap, there’s probably something wrong with it.

56

a copy; an imitation; a fake; is an imitation product that looks just like the original; referring to an actual physical item; a copy; an imitation; something that is being presented as if it were real or original, but it really isn’t, especially in fashion

Rafael: The reason he could sell it dirt cheap is because this is a .... I
know you’re a sucker for a bargain, but I can’t believe you fell for his line.

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products


* Is that a Gucci handbag, or is it a knockoff?

This causes the designers to come up with new designs frequently, since their old designs can easily be imitated and sold by other people. Knockoffs also create a certain kind of free advertising for a product: More people see what the product looks like and have positive opinions of it (because if it weren’t any good, why would you imitate it?). In fact, a 2009 Harvard Business School study found that women who buy knockoff purses often decide later to buy the real thing.

57

like smth very much; when you are presented with the thing you can not resist; a person who likes something very much and can easily be tricked into thinking that he or she is getting that thing even when it isn’t real, or can easily be convinced to buy something

Rafael: The reason he could sell it dirt cheap is because this is a knockoff. I
know you’re a ... for a bargain, but I can’t believe you fell for his line.

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products
* Heather is a sucker for new technology and it’s really easy for salespeople to
get her to buy new things.


58

very reduced prices; a deal; a price that is lower than usual for something that has great
value; a good deal; something that offers very good value for a small amount
of money; something that was sold at a very low price

Rafael: The reason he could sell it dirt cheap is because this is a knockoff. I
know you’re a sucker for a ...., but I can’t believe you fell for his line.


ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products
* The grocery store is selling mangos for just $0.20 each – what a bargain!
* If you’re patient, you can find great bargains by buying gently used furniture
instead of buying new furniture.

However, Asian countries offer even bigger
“bargains” (very reduced prices) for treatments and surgeries"


59

to be fooled by some one or to be tricked by smth; to be tricked by someone or something

Rafael: The reason he could sell it dirt cheap is because this is a knockoff. I
know you’re a sucker for a bargain, but I can’t believe you ... his line.

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products


* Edgar is used to having girls fall for his smooth talk and compliments, but he’s
not a very nice person.

60

to get cheated, to lost money because you are fooled or tricked; cheated; having lost money because one was tricked

Lindsay: How do you know this is a knockoff? Are you an expert on women’s
handbags? I still think this is real, and I’m sure I didn’t ....
Rafael: Whatever you say. As they say, there’s a sucker born every minute

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

* We were ripped off by a taxi driver who charged $30 for a ride that normally
costs just $7.50.


61

you do not believe that other person is saying, but you do not what continue to argue about it; an informal phrase used when one does not believe what another person is saying, but doesn’t want to continue arguing about it



Lindsay: How do you know this is a knockoff? Are you an expert on women’s
handbags? I still think this is real, and I’m sure I didn’t get ripped off.
Rafael: ... As they say, there’s a sucker born every minute

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products


* - That’s why I think the Republicans should win the next elections.
* - Whatever you say. Let’s change the subject. We’ll never agree.

62

saying about someone who is easily tricked, so there are lots of people who are easily tricked unfortunately; an informal phrase meaning that many people can be tricked very easily

Lindsay: How do you know this is a knockoff? Are you an expert on women’s
handbags? I still think this is real, and I’m sure I didn’t get ripped off.
Rafael: Whatever you say. As they say, ...!

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products
* You actually believed him when he said he would pay you back? There’s a
sucker born every minute. He never pays anyone back when he borrows money.





63

a long surface in the shop, restaurant where a customer stands on one side and employee stands on another;a long, flat surface like a table where the customer stands on one side and the employee stands on the other side and where things are bought and sold; long, flat surface like a table where the customer stands on one side and the employee stands on the other side and where things are bought and sold:


Star: What happened this time?

Buck: I walked in and went up to the ...... to place my order. The woman working there was talking to her friend, another customer. I stood there, clearly needing to be waited on and she couldn’t have cared less.

ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service

"There was a long line of people waiting in front of the counter at the bank.”
* Jarrod put the milk and eggs on the counter and waited for the cashier to tell him how much they would cost.



64

a barging; smth you bought at a very law price; a bargain; something that was purchased very inexpensively, or at leastfor much less than the normal price; means a bargain, or something that was purchased very inexpensively, or at least for much less than the normal price;a bargain; something that offers very good value for a small amount of
money; something that was sold at a very low price; bargain, or something that has a low
price and offers very good value for a small amount of money:


Lindsay: Look at this designer bag I bought. It was such a ...!
Rafael: Let me see that. You do know that this is an imitation, not the real thing,
right?

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products
“We paid just $100,000 for this beautiful home. What a steal!” Or, “Enya is really good at
finding steals online.”
* At just $55 each night, getting a room at this four-star hotel is a steal!
“These bottles of wine are only $2.49 each. That’s a steal!”
* Shelly went to the used clothing store and found a designer handbag for just
$10. What a steal!


65

Buck: I’m never going to that .... again!

Star: Why? What happened?



ESL Podcast 418 – Getting Bad Service
coffee shop / coffe house

66

a piece of clothing that has a particular label on it;with a particular label or brand, especially in fashion

A “....” bag or a “...” anything is
something that has a particular label or brand, especially in fashion. When we’re
talking about clothing if you said, “Well, that’s a designer dress made by Gucci,”
that is a specific company – a specific “designer” (person who creates the piece
of clothing, who designs the piece of clothing – the way it looks), and that would
be a designer dress.

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products


* Why would you pay $200 for a pair of designer jeans when regular jeans cost
just $25?

67

this is a common expression, common saying

Lindsay: How do you know this is a knockoff? Are you an expert on women’s
handbags? I still think this is real, and I’m sure I didn’t get ripped off.
Rafael: Whatever you say. ..., there’s a sucker born every minute!

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

as they say

68

быть экспертом в

Lindsay: How do you know this is a knockoff? Are you an expert on women’s
handbags? I still think this is real, and I’m sure I didn’t get ripped off.
Rafael: Whatever you say. As they say, there’s a sucker born every minute!

ESL PODCAST 562 – Buying Fake Products

69

….. is an expression of, could be
expression of surprise, usually an expression of disappointment, when you're
upset with something an expression used to express surprise or confusion"

Eddie: Hold on, I’m changing as fast as I can. .... I’ve heard of oversized
T-shirts, but this is ridiculous.
Francesca: Let me see. You’re right. You’ve got enough room in there for two
people!

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

Oh, geez / oh, goodness / oh, dear

70

померить; to put a cloth in the store to see if you want to buy them; to put on a piece of clothing to determine whether it fits well and looks nice, so that one can decide whether to buy it

Francesca: Come on, let me see. Okay, I think this one fits you pretty well. The
collar is the right size, not too loose or tight. The cuffs on this one fall at just the
right place, don’t you think?
Eddie: Yeah, it’s fine.
Francesca: .... the T-shirts.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* Do you have a room where I can try on this dress?

71

shirt is a short-sleeve shirt that has a collar and just a few buttons at the
neck. The buttons don’t go all the way down the front of the shirt, but they do
need to be undone so that the shirt can be pulled over the man’s head.


cn.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

polo

72

very large shirt covered with flowers; a large, shapeless shirt covered with large flowers and other
designs in very bright colors, usually worn by men; is a loose shirt with buttons down the front and short sleeves.
The fabric has bright colors and a large “print” (a repeated design on a piece of
fabric) of tropical flowers, “palm trees” (tropical trees), or sailboats.



cn.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* During the week, Kyle wears conservative colors, but on the weekends he
prefers to wear big, bright Hawaiian shirts.

73

A .... is like a form fitting T-shirt or tank top, but the strips that go over
the shoulders are wider than those on a regular tank top. The shirt is designed to
let the man “show off” (let other people see something that one is proud of) the
muscles in his “torso” (upper body). Men who spend a lot of time lifting weights
at the gym often wear muscle shirts.

cn.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
muscle shirt

74

his is a very informal and “insulting” (rude) expression. It is based on the “stereotype” (the unfair way that people
think about a group of people) of men who wear these shirts. In the U.S., these
white tank tops have traditionally been worn by certain types of “laborers” (people
who do work with their hands), and this insulting term is used to show negative
views of how laborers may behave toward their wives.

cn.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

wife-beater

75

a shirt, that does not have any sleeves, without any covering of arms; a shirt with no sleeves; a shirt with a small piece of fabric over each shoulder and no fabric covering the arms; a shirt that has no sleeves. Instead, there are thin “strips” (narrow pieces) of fabric that go over the

cn.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
* Rachelle doesn’t like to wear tank tops because her arms are too thin.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

76

to not be received well, especially when talking about a performance or speech:

we.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
“The comedian’s show fell flat. The audience didn’t laugh even once!”

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

77

means to stop being used or done:

we.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
“Their plans to expand their business fell by the wayside when the economy started doing poorly.”

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

78

means to not meet expectations, or to be less than expected:

we.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
“The number of participants fell short of what they had planned for.”

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

79

means to be part of a group or category:

we.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
“This project falls under the
responsibility of the marketing department.”

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

80

to have the right length (for clothing); means to hang or to rest without support from
below

Francesca: Come on, let me see. Okay, I think this one fits you pretty well. The
collar is the right size, not too loose or tight. The cuffs on this one ..... at just the
right place, don’t you think?

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

: “The long skirt falls to her ankles.”

81

the way in which something fits on your body or fits into a space; to be the right size for your body; to be the right size for one’s body; to appear appropriate on one’s body; means to be the right size for one’s body:

Francesca: Hurry up! Come out of that fitting room so I can see how the dress
shirt ....

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


“After she had her baby, none of her clothes fit correctly.”
* These pants don’t fit me. They’re too big in the thigh and too short.



82

match between two things, or the way that two things work well together:

we.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
“His job isn’t a good fit for him, so he has decided to leave the company.”

83

is also a short period of time when one cannot control what one says or does, often
because one is very angry:

we.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
“She had a fit when she came home to such a messy house.”

84

can also mean to be in good physical health:

we.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
“He’s very fit since he runs at least five miles every day.”

85

uncontrollable laughing that happens when something is very funny:

we.ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts
“The girls had a fit of laughter and had to leave the classroom.”

86

space; an area with nothing in it

Eddie: Hold on, I’m changing as fast as I can. Oh, geez. I’ve heard of oversized
T-shirts, but this is ridiculous.
Francesca: Let me see. You’re right. You’ve got enough .... in there for two
people!

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* They were excited to move from their small apartment into a home with more
room for their five children.

87

smth that is bigger than necessary, smth that is too big; too big; bigger than necessary

Eddie: Hold on, I’m changing as fast as I can. Oh, geez. I’ve heard of .....
T-shirts, but this is ridiculous.
Francesca: Let me see. You’re right. You’ve got enough room in there for two
people!

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts



* Many fast food restaurants sell oversized portions of French fries.

88

la shirt where sleeves goes down all along the way down to the wrist; a shirt with fabric that covers one’s arm and reaches from one’s shoulder to one’s wrist

Eddie: Okay, but I’m not trying on the fancy ones with a V-neck. I like my Tshirts
the old-fashioned way – with a crew neck.
Francesca: All right, but try on the short-sleeve and the .... ones, too.
Hurry up.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts



* If you’re cold, put on a long-sleeve shirt.

89

a shirt with a sleeve only goes down above your elbow; a shirt with fabric that covers one’s arm and reaches from one’s shoulder to the point halfway between one’s shoulder and elbow

Eddie: Okay, but I’m not trying on the fancy ones with a V-neck. I like my Tshirts
the old-fashioned way – with a crew neck.
Francesca: All right, but try on the ... and the long-sleeve ones, too.
Hurry up.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* Why are you wearing a short-sleeve shirt in the winter? You must be cold!

90

T-shirts that have a round collar; with a round opening that lies next to one’s neck for one’s neck and
head to go through

Francesca: Try on the T-shirts.
Eddie: Okay, but I’m not trying on the fancy ones with a V-neck. I like my Tshirts
the old-fashioned way – with a ....

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* He wears a crew neck T-shirt underneath his dress shirts every day.

91

T-shirts with collar in V-shape form; with an opening in the shape of the letter “V” for one’s neck and head
to go through

Francesca: Try on the T-shirts.
Eddie: Okay, but I’m not trying on the fancy ones with a ..... I like my Tshirts
the old-fashioned way – with a crew neck.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* She forgot to put sunscreen on her chest when she wore a V-neck shirt, so she
got sunburned.

92

the very end of your sleeve on a formal or dress shirt with a button to close the cuff. Very nice shirts have a place for cuffs links; the piece of fabric at one’s wrist, usually with a button to close it over one’s wrist

Francesca: Come on, let me see. Okay, I think this one fits you pretty well. The
collar is the right size, not too loose or tight. The ... on this one fall at just the
right place, don’t you think?

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* It was too hot, so she unbuttoned her cuffs and rolled up her sleeves.

93

not be able to move back and forth; held in place; not able to move

Francesca: Come on, let me see. Okay, I think this one fits you pretty well. The
collar is the right size, not too loose or .... The cuffs on this one fall at just the
right place, don’t you think?

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts



* Those jeans are so tight that he can’t even sit down while wearing them!

94

that does not fit tightly); not held in place; able to move

Francesca: Come on, let me see. Okay, I think this one fits you pretty well. The
collar is the right size, not too ..... or tight. The cuffs on this one fall at just the
right place, don’t you think?

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* This shelf is loose. Can you please get a screwdriver to fix it?
* Wear loose comfortable clothing when travelling.

95

a part of a shirt that up against your neck; the part of a shirt that lies against one’s neck, often closed with a button
under one’s chin

Francesca: Come on, let me see. Okay, I think this one fits you pretty well. The
collar is the right size, not too loose or tight. The cuffs on this one fall at just the
right place, don’t you think?

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* He forgot to button his collar before he put on the tie.

96

a little bit too (something); with a tendency to be too (something)

Eddie: The first one didn’t fit at all. The sleeves were too short and it was too
form fitting. I like my shirts to be on ..... I’m trying on the second
one.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


* The car was a little bit on the expensive side, but they decided to buy it anyway.

97

to have a lot of extra space; big; big; with a lot of extra space

Eddie: The first one didn’t fit at all. The sleeves were too short and it was too
form fitting. I like my shirts to be on the ... I’m trying on the second
one.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts



* I like this jacket because it’s roomy and I can move around easily when I’m
wearing it.

98

a piece of clothing that is too tight, that fits against your body too closely, showing the shape of your body better; tight; cut to fit closely against one’s body, showing the shape of one’s body.

Eddie: The first one didn’t fit at all. The sleeves were too short and it was too
.... I like my shirts to be on the roomy side. I’m trying on the second
one.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts



* She is very uncomfortable with her weight, so she never wears form fitting clothes.

99

a nice shirt; smth you would wear at the office; usually with buttons upfront; a nice men’s shirt, appropriate for work in an office, with buttons down the front that hold the two sides together

Francesca: Hurry up! Come out of that fitting room so I can see how the .... fits.
Eddie: The first one didn’t fit at all. The sleeves were too short and it was too
form fitting. I like my shirts to be on the roomy side. I’m trying on the second
one.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts



* He usually wears very casual clothes, so it was nice to see him wearing a dress
shirt for a change.

100

where customers in stores put on the store’s clothes to see if they are the right size must have a place"; a small room with a door, where you can try on clothing; a small room with a door where one can try on clothing in a store
before deciding whether to buy it

Francesca: Hurry up! Come out of that ....so I can see how the dress
shirt fits.
Eddie: The first one didn’t fit at all. The sleeves were too short and it was too
form fitting. I like my shirts to be on the roomy side. I’m trying on the second
one.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

"
* In this store, you can take only eight pieces of clothing into a fitting room at a
time.

101

th expression you use to show how it is excessive, how it is unusual

Eddie: Hold on, I’m changing as fast as I can. Oh, geez. I’ve heard of oversized
T-shirts, but this is ridiculous.
Francesca: Let me see. You’re right. You’ve got enough room in there for two
people!

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts


102

подожди, не спеши

Francesca: All right, but try on the short-sleeve and the long-sleeve ones, too.
Hurry up.

Eddie: Hold on, I’m changing as fast as I can. Oh, geez. I’ve heard of oversized
T-shirts, but this is ridiculous.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

103

the size of clothing that fits you

Francesca: Come on, let me see. Okay, I think this one fits you pretty well. The
collar is the right size, not too loose or tight. The cuffs on this one fall at just the
right place, don’t you think?

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

104

go faster

Francesca: ....! Come out of that fitting room so I can see how the dress
shirt fits.
Eddie: The first one didn’t fit at all. The sleeves were too short and it was too
form fitting. I like my shirts to be on the roomy side. I’m trying on the second
one.

ESL Podcast 467 – Buying Men’s Shirts

hurry up

105

go to bed

English in a minute



to hit the sack

106

you are ending work, play or smth that you are doing that day

English in a minute

to call it a day

107

Many offices that require more formal business attire allow their employees to
dress more casually on “...”

cn.ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code

Unless there is an important meeting,
employees can wear “business casual” clothing on Fridays as long as they
continue to wear suits or other more formal clothing during the rest of the week.

108

an applicant for a job who is invited for interview

cn.ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code


Most people dress up for interviews. That usually means a suit and tie, and
women are often expected to wear a suit with a skirt, not pants. Interviewees
should wear only “modest” (not too fancy or expensive) jewelry and makeup.
However, the expectations “vary” (are different) by industry.



109

a job where one uses one’s hands and does not need a very
high level of education

cn.ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code

Most people dress up for interviews. That usually means a suit and tie, and
women are often expected to wear a suit with a skirt, not pants. Interviewees
should wear only “modest” (not too fancy or expensive) jewelry and makeup.
However, the expectations “vary” (are different) by industry. An interview for a
“blue collar job” () probably doesn’t require a suit and tie, but the
interviewee should still dress nicely.

110

describes a relationship or a marriage where the other person is very
wealthy, successful, or beautiful

we.ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code

: “Do you believe she really loves you, or does
she just think you’re a good catch?”

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code

111

to pack a gun



Finally, the phrase “..” means to carry a gun: “You’re a banker! Why do you need to pack a
gun?”

112

to store something because it won’t be needed for a long time:



“... means
“Where did you pack away the Christmas decorations?”

113

to press something into a container to make room for more:


ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code
means
“Did you remember to pack down the brown sugar while you were measuring it?”


114

the clothing worn by most businessmen, consisting of pants with a
matching suit jacket, a shirt with buttons on the front, and a long piece of fabric
tied around one’s neck so that it hangs down in the front

Nicole: You’ve never been on a cruise like this one, but I have, and there’s a
dress code. You’ll need formal wear for some of the dinners.
Tae: I’m not wearing a ....on vacation.

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code

* I could never work in a bank because I would hate having to wear a suit and tie
every day.

115

a trick; smth has been hidden you did not know about and you would find out later; it sounds great, but then you found out the truth it is not so great; trick; something that is hidden or obscured and makes an offer less
attractive; trick, or something that is hidden or obscured and makes an offer less attractive:

Tae: I knew there was a ... when you booked this vacation. It’s less a
vacation for me than a dress-up party for you!
ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code

“This book promises to teach us how to make thousands of dollars – the only catch is that it costs almost that
much!”
* Are you really offering to sell your brand-new pickup truck for just $5,000?
What’s the catch?

116

a type of semi-formal clothing (not jeans, but an not a suit); the type of informal clothing often worn by people in
California, nicer than jeans but not as nice as business casual

Tae: This is ridiculous. I have to wear business attire 300 days out of the year
and you’re making me dress up when I finally go on a vacation.
Nicole: You don’t have to dress up the entire time. You can go ...
during the day. I’m just asking that you look presentable a few hours each day.
Is that so hard?


* Yes, you can wear a button-down shirt and slacks to a California casual event,
but don’t wear a tie.

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code

117

to wear clothing nicer, than you wear usually; to wear clothes that are nicer than what one normally wears

Tae: This is ridiculous. I have to wear business attire 300 days out of the year
and you’re making me .... when I finally go on a vacation.
Nicole: You don’t have to .... the entire time. You can go California casual
during the day. I’m just asking that you look presentable a few hours each day.
Is that so hard?

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code


* Her husband asked her to dress up for their date next Friday, but he still hasn’t
told her where they’re going to go.

118

formal clothing you wear to the office; clothing worn in a professional work environment

Tae: This is ridiculous. I have to wear ... 300 days out of the year
and you’re making me dress up when I finally go on a vacation.
Nicole: You don’t have to dress up the entire time. You can go California casual
during the day. I’m just asking that you look presentable a few hours each day.
Is that so hard?

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code


* Shorts and sandals definitely are not appropriate business attire in this
company

119

this is silly; this is strange; this is people would laugh at; very silly and not logical; something that other people will laugh at
and think is very strange or inappropriate

Tae: ..... I have to wear business attire 300 days out of the year
and you’re making me dress up when I finally go on a vacation.
Nicole: You don’t have to dress up the entire time. You can go California casual
during the day. I’m just asking that you look presentable a few hours each day.
Is that so hard?

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code


* He looks ridiculous in his clown costume, with curly orange hair, a red nose,
and huge shoes.

120

partly formal clothes; somewhat formal; between formal and casual

Tae: I’m not wearing a suit and tie on vacation.
Nicole: No, not a suit and tie. There’ll be a dance the final night of the cruise
that’s black tie, so you’ll need your tuxedo. I’m bringing a few cocktail dresses
myself. Don’t worry. You can go ... the rest of the evenings.

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code


* Is it okay for women to wear pants to a semi-formal event?

121

a dress worn by women for special occasions; a short or long dress worn by a woman for a special occasion,
often made with special, fine fabrics

Tae: I’m not wearing a suit and tie on vacation.
Nicole: No, not a suit and tie. There’ll be a dance the final night of the cruise
that’s black tie, so you’ll need your tuxedo. I’m bringing a few ....
myself. Don’t worry. You can go semi-formal the rest of the evenings.

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code


* Dasha bought a beautiful red cocktail dress with lace and beading.

122

very formal men`s suite / jacket for very special events; a special type of suit that men wear for formal occasions, with black pants and a matching black suit jacket, a white shirt with buttons on the front, and a small bow tied around the neck

Tae: I’m not wearing a suit and tie on vacation.
Nicole: No, not a suit and tie. There’ll be a dance the final night of the cruise
that’s black tie, so you’ll need your .... I’m bringing a few cocktail dresses
myself. Don’t worry. You can go semi-formal the rest of the evenings.

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code


* Mike decided to rent a tuxedo for the awards ceremony instead of buying one,
since he’s probably never need to wear one again.

123

very formal, very fancy event; an event where people are supposed to wear very nice, fancy, formal
clothing, including tuxedos for men

Tae: I’m not wearing a suit and tie on vacation.
Nicole: No, not a suit and tie. There’ll be a dance the final night of the cruise
that’s ... so you’ll need your tuxedo. I’m bringing a few cocktail dresses
myself. Don’t worry. You can go semi-formal the rest of the evenings.

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code


* She wants to have a black tie wedding at a luxury hotel, but he wants to have
an informal, outdoor wedding on the beach

124

clothes you will wear on very special occasions like wedding, funeral, dinners; clothing used for very special occasions

Tae: I’m going on vacation and I don’t have to dress to impress.
Nicole: You’ve never been on a cruise like this one, but I have, and there’s a
dress code. You’ll need ... for some of the dinners.

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code


* If this is an event with formal wear, the women will probably be wearing long
dresses, not short ones.

125

to wear clothing so that other people will have a good opinion of you; to choose what one will wear based on how one will be perceived by other people; to try to make sure other people have a good opinion of oneself by wearing clothing that they will admire

Nicole: You’ve packed all of the wrong things. We’re going on a luxury cruise
and all you’ve packed are shorts and t-shirts.
Tae: I’m going on vacation and I don’t have to ...

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code



* When you have your first interview, it’s important to dress to impress.

126

Some washing instructions say “...,” which means that they should be laid flat to dry, because
hanging them from a clothesline would “stretch them out” (change their shape in
a bad way).

cn. ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

lay flat to dry

127

meaning that bleach shouldn’t be used because it will destroy the fabric

cn. ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes


no bleach

128

meaning that they should not be put in a washing machine, but instead washed by hand.

cn. ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

hand wash only

129

meaning that the garment should be washed only with clothes that have the same color, because
otherwise, it might “...(share its color in the water, dying the other garments).

cn. ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes
bleed

130

meaning that they can be washed in
washing machines, but there are often instructions about the water temperature.


cn. ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes


machine wash

131

This means that they shouldn’t be washed in a washing machine or
by hand. Instead, they should be taken to the “dry cleaner’s” where clothing is
washed by using special chemicals instead of water.



cn. ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes
dry clean only

132

means skin that is damaged easily, or that is very sensitive:

cn. ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

“This soap is specially designed for delicate skin.”

133

fragile, or something that breaks very easily:

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

“These sculptures are very delicate, so please keep them
away from small children.”

134

can also refer to something that needs to be handled very carefully:

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes
Talking to a woman about her weight is a very delicate subject, so be careful what you say.

135

means to put something into a vehicle or a large container:

we.ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

to load

136

refers to the amount of work that a person has to do:

we.ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

“Shelly has a heavy load at work this week because all of her co-workers are on
vacation.”

137

a liquid you use to make clothes softer; a liquid that is used when washing clothes to make them softer



Arlo: I ran out of detergent, so I’ve been using dishwashing liquid. It works pretty
well.
Mina: No wonder your shirts are as stiff as a board. Good thing you don’t own
any delicates or they would be completely ruined. Before you put your clothes in
the dryer, clean out this lint filter. It’s really dirty. I don’t suppose you use ....

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

Lynn always uses fabric softener on her clothes, but not with her towels.

138

clothing made from a special kind of fabric, smth you need to wash very carefully - a nice sweater, certain kinds of women`s underwear; clothing, often sexy underwear or very nice sweaters, that is made from special fabrics that need to be washed carefully so that they don’t fall apart; means clothing that is made from special fabrics that need to be washed carefully so that they don’t fall apart:

Arlo: I ran out of detergent, so I’ve been using dishwashing liquid. It works pretty
well.
Mina: No wonder your shirts are as stiff as a board. Good thing you don’t own
any.... or they would be completely ruined. Before you put your clothes in
the dryer, clean out this lint filter. It’s really dirty. I don’t suppose you use fabric
softener.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

“Do you have any delicates in here, or can I wash everything together in the washing
machine?”
* Do you wash your delicates, like silk sweaters, by hand or in a machine?

139

to be very difficult to move or to bend; very difficult to move, bend, or fold; not soft

Arlo: I ran out of detergent, so I’ve been using dishwashing liquid. It works pretty
well.
Mina: No wonder your shirts are ... Good thing you don’t own
any delicates or they would be completely ruined. Before you put your clothes in
the dryer, clean out this lint filter. It’s really dirty. I don’t suppose you use fabric
softener.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes
* The day after running in the marathon, Jered’s legs felt as stiff as a board and
he could barely walk.

140

a kind of soap for washing dishes; a liquid soap used to wash dishes

Arlo: I ran out of detergent, so I’ve been using ..... It works pretty
well.
Mina: No wonder your shirts are as stiff as a board. Good thing you don’t own
any delicates or they would be completely ruined. Before you put your clothes in
the dryer, clean out this lint filter. It’s really dirty. I don’t suppose you use fabric
softener.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

This dishwashing liquid is supposed to be gentle on your hands because it
doesn’t dry out the skin.

141

do not have any smth left

Arlo: I .... detergent, so I’ve been using dishwashing liquid. It works pretty
well.
Mina: No wonder your shirts are as stiff as a board. Good thing you don’t own
any delicates or they would be completely ruined. Before you put your clothes in
the dryer, clean out this lint filter. It’s really dirty. I don’t suppose you use fabric
softener.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

to run out of smth

142

do not have any smth left

Arlo: I ran out of ....., so I’ve been using dishwashing liquid. It works pretty
well.
Mina: No wonder your shirts are as stiff as a board. Good thing you don’t own
any delicates or they would be completely ruined. Before you put your clothes in
the dryer, clean out this lint filter. It’s really dirty. I don’t suppose you use fabric
softener.
ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

* Your clothes smell great! What brand of detergent do you use?

143

a wired stand or a sting to hang clothes for drying; a piece of rope or string that is tied between two things so that
clothes can be hung on it to dry

Mina: No wonder your shirts are as stiff as a board. Good thing you don’t own
any delicates or they would be completely ruined. Before you put your clothes in
the dryer, clean out this lint filter. It’s really dirty. I don’t suppose you use fabric
softener.
Arlo: No, I like to keep things simple and dry my clothes on a .... I don’t
mind if they’re a little stiff.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

* Oh no! A bird landed on the clothesline and got our clean clothes dirty!

144

a large machine used to dry clothes; a large machine that uses hot air and movement to dry clothing, towels,and sheets

Mina: I have some bleach that may be able to get your T-shirts white again. I
better try before you put them in the .....
Arlo: Don’t bother. It really doesn’t matter to me. I’m almost done here. I’m just
waiting for one more load to finish.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

* Some people try to save electricity by hanging their clothes outside to dry in the
sun instead of using a dryer.

145

a clear liquid chemical that you use to make things white; a clear, liquid chemical that is used to clean things or make something white by removing color

Mina: I have some .... that may be able to get your T-shirts white again. I
better try before you put them in the dryer.
Arlo: Don’t bother. It really doesn’t matter to me. I’m almost done here. I’m just
waiting for one more load to finish.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

* Chet accidentally spilled bleach on his jeans, and now they have white spots on
them.

146

to change color of smth; colored; made a different color by putting something in a colored liquid

Arlo: It doesn’t really matter. I don’t mind if they get .... a different color. As
long as they get clean and the stains come out, I don’t really care what color they
are.
Mina: I have some bleach that may be able to get your T-shirts white again. I
better try before you put them in the dryer.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

* Is her hair really blond, or is it dyed?

147

white clothing

Mina: Didn’t anyone teach you how to do laundry? You’re supposed to separate
your ..... from your colors and wash them separately.
Arlo: It doesn’t really matter. I don’t mind if they get dyed a different color. As
long as they get clean and the stains come out, I don’t really care what color they
are.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

whites

148

dark clothing

Mina: Didn’t anyone teach you how to do laundry? You’re supposed to separate
your whites from your .......and wash them separately.
Arlo: It doesn’t really matter. I don’t mind if they get dyed a different color. As
long as they get clean and the stains come out, I don’t really care what color they
are.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes


colors

149

actual clothes that you need to wash - dirty clothes; the process of washing clothes, towels, and sheets

Arlo: That just happens. Sometimes they turn pink, gray, or another color,
depending on which clothes I put in a load.
Mina: Didn’t anyone teach you how to do ...? You’re supposed to separate
your whites from your colors and wash them separately.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

* Do you do a little bit of laundry every day, or do you prefer to do it all at once at
the end of the week?

150

to wash your clothes

Mina: Didn’t anyone teach you how to .....? You’re supposed to separate
your whites from your colors and wash them separately.
Arlo: It doesn’t really matter. I don’t mind if they get dyed a different color. As
long as they get clean and the stains come out, I don’t really care what color they
are.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

to do laundry

151

a group of cloths, towels that you wash at the same time; a group of clothes, towels, and sheets that are washed at the same time; the amount of clothing, towels, and sheets that are put inside a washing machine
at one time; group of clothes, towels, and sheets that are washed at the same time:

Arlo: That just happens. Sometimes they turn pink, gray, or another color,
depending on which clothes I put in ....
Mina: Didn’t anyone teach you how to do laundry? You’re supposed to separate
your whites from your colors and wash them separately.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

“Could you please start washing a load of towels before you go to work tomorrow?”
* Chirag washes three loads every week: one of whites, one of colors, and one of
towels and sheets.

152

to put thing in a bag, a box, a suitcase (luggage), especially for traveling;to put things into suitcases, boxes, or bags, especially for traveling; to put things into a bag or suitcase, usually so that one can take them with one while traveling; means to put things into a bag or suitcase,usually so that one can take them with one while traveling:

Tae: What are you doing? Why are you taking all of my clothes out of my
suitcase? I just finished ....ing that.
Nicole: You’ve .... all of the wrong things. We’re going on a luxury cruise
and all you’ve packed are shorts and t-shirts.

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code

Please try to pack everything in just one small suitcase.”
* Don’t forget to pack your toothbrush and deodorant for the camping trip!
* Don’t forget to pack your toothbrush and underwear.

153

clothing, that good enough to see, it is appropriate for wearing; acceptable and appropriate for being seen by other people; ready to be seen; looking nice, clean, and pretty enough to be seen by other people

Tae: This is ridiculous. I have to wear business attire 300 days out of the year
and you’re making me dress up when I finally go on a vacation.
Nicole: You don’t have to dress up the entire time. You can go California casual
during the day. I’m just asking that you look ..... a few hours each day.
Is that so hard?

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code

* Sure, you can come over for breakfast anytime, but please give me enough
time to brush my hair and make myself presentable.
* I need to change my clothes before your parents come over. I’m not
presentable in these dirty jeans and this old T-shirt

154

rules about what students can and cannot wear while they are at school.; to follow dress code; rules about what one can and cannot wear or what one is expected to wear or not wear

Tae: I’m going on vacation and I don’t have to dress to impress.
Nicole: You’ve never been on a cruise like this one, but I have, and there’s a
.... You’ll need formal wear for some of the dinners.

ESL Podcast 693 – Following a Dress Code
* The elementary school has a dress code that doesn’t allow students to wear tshirts
with rude words printed on them.

155

a small piece of cloth with writing, usually sewn into the neck, waist, or side of a piece of clothing) that
“indicates” (shows) the size, manufacturer, and washing instructions

cn. ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes
tag

156

a color om the fabric that should not be there (e.g. you spill coffee on your shirt);a discoloration; where a piece of fabric is dirty or has a spot with a different color, but that spot cannot be removed by washing; dirty color spot; a dirty mark that is difficult to remove from a piece of fabric

Mina: Didn’t anyone teach you how to do laundry? You’re supposed to separate
your whites from your colors and wash them separately.
Arlo: It doesn’t really matter. I don’t mind if they get dyed a different color. As
long as they get clean and the .... come out, I don’t really care what color they
are.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

* Yolanda spilled red wine on her white shirt and it left a big stain.
* When he spilled the red wine, it left a horrible stain on his suit jacket.

157

a large machine, which washes clothing with soap and water; a large machine that washes clothing, towels, and sheets

Mina: What happened here? Is the ..... not working?
Arlo: What do you mean?
Mina: Why are all of your white T-shirts now pink?

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

* The washing machine broke and now there’s water and soap all over the floor.

158

a piece of clothing, something you wear; formal something that you wear. .... is often used when talking about people and companies that make clothes, or when talking about a type of clothes:

cn. ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

*They work in the garment industry. | Garment workers are often poorly paid. | The clothes are made in garment factories in Asia. | The burqa is a garment worn by some Muslim women, which covers the head and body.

159

difficult to move; to be unbending

Arlo: I ran out of detergent, so I’ve been using dishwashing liquid. It works pretty
well.
Mina: No wonder your shirts are as ... as a .... Good thing you don’t own
any delicates or they would be completely ruined. Before you put your clothes in
the dryer, clean out this lint filter. It’s really dirty. I don’t suppose you use fabric
softener.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

"My body is so stiff today because I went running yesterday for the first time in
six months.

160

to change color

Mina: Why are all of your white T-shirts now pink?
Arlo: That just happens. Sometimes they.... pink, gray, or another color,
depending on which clothes I put in a load.

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

to turn pink, to turn grey

161

What went wrong, the person who is asking is a kind of angry or upset

Mina: .....? Is the washing machine not working?
Arlo: What do you mean?

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

What happened here?

162

a large machine, which washes clothing with soap and water; a large machine that washes clothing, towels, and sheets

Mina: What happened here? Is the ..... not working?
Arlo: What do you mean?

ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

* The washing machine broke and now there’s water and soap all over the floor.

163

a piece of clothing, something you wear; formal something that you wear. Garment is often used when talking about people and companies that make clothes, or when talking about a type of clothes:

Most clothing that is sold in stores has a small “tag” (a small piece of cloth with
writing, usually sewn into the neck, waist, or side of a piece of clothing) that
“indicates” (shows) the size, manufacturer, and washing instructions. “Following”
(doing what something or someone says should be done) these washing
instructions can help ensure that the “.....” (piece of clothing) isn’t damaged.
Many ....that are made from special fabrics have a tag that says “dry
clean only.” This means that they shouldn’t be washed in a washing machine or
by hand. Instead, they should be taken to the “dry cleaner’s” where clothing is
washed by using special chemicals instead of water.

cn.ESL Podcast 331 – Washing Clothes

*They work in the garment industry. | Garment workers are often poorly paid. | The clothes are made in garment factories in Asia. | The burqa is a garment worn by some Muslim women, which covers the head and body.

164

a small piece of cloth with writing, usually sewn into the neck, waist, or side of a piece of clothing) that
“indicates” (shows) the size, manufacturer, and washing instructions

Most clothing that is sold in stores has a small “...” (a small piece of cloth with
writing, usually sewn into the neck, waist, or side of a piece of clothing) that
“indicates” (shows) the size, manufacturer, and washing instructions. “Following”
(doing what something or someone says should be done) these washing
instructions can help ensure that the “garment” (piece of clothing) isn’t damaged.
Many garments that are made from special fabrics have a ..... that says “dry
clean only.” This means that they shouldn’t be washed in a washing machine or
by hand. Instead, they should be taken to the “dry cleaner’s” where clothing is
washed by using special chemicals instead of water.

165

to clean up someone else`s mess; to clean up another person’s mess, especially
putting away that person’s things; means to clean up another person’s mess, especially putting away that person’s things:

Felix: His room is really cluttered, but he keeps the common areas in passable
condition. I do have to straighten up fairly often, and I sometimes have .... him, but that’s because I’m pretty nitpicky.
Carole: That’s very tolerant of you.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

“I’m tired of picking up after you. Do it yourself!”
* Do you think a woman’s job is to pick up after her husband and children, or
should everyone be responsible for putting their own things away?

166

relaxed

His roommate, Oscar,
is very “....” (relaxed), “lazy” (not wanting to work or do challenging things),
and disorganized.

cn. ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

laidback

167

to make someone to pay you money if someone did wrong; to demand that someone pay an amount of money as a punishment for something bad that he or she has done

Felix: Oscar and I agreed that every time he leaves a big mess, I can .... him.
Carole: That seems kind of drastic, but maybe it works for you guys.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* The library fines people $0.25 per day per book that is overdue.

168

to have smth that helps/protects you in difficult situations; something that offers help or protection in a difficult situation

Carole: That’s very tolerant of you.
Felix: Well, we have set up a system so that if things get too messy, I have some
....

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* If the tenants’ check bounces, we can charge a $25 fee as recourse.

169

accept things/people whom you do not understand/do not like; accepting of unpleasant situations and/or things that other people do and say when one does not like them


Felix: His room is really cluttered, but he keeps the common areas in passable
condition. I do have to straighten up fairly often, and I sometimes have to pick up
after him, but that’s because I’m pretty nitpicky.
Carole: That’s very ..... of you.
Felix: Well, we have set up a system so that if things get too messy, I have some
recourse.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* Even if you don’t agree with their beliefs, you need to learn to be more tolerant
so that they feel welcome.

170

someone who is very demanding, looking for a very small error/mistakes; very picky and demanding, wanting to have things in a very specific way; difficult to please

Felix: His room is really cluttered, but he keeps the common areas in passable
condition. I do have to straighten up fairly often, and I sometimes have to pick up
after him, but that’s because I’m pretty ....

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* Adele’s piano teacher is nitpicky. Whenever she makes a mistake, he makes
her start over from the very beginning of the song.

171

to organize, to make neat; to tidy up; to organize a room by putting things away

Felix: His room is really cluttered, but he keeps the common areas in passable
condition. I do have to .... fairly often, and I sometimes have to pick up
after him, but that’s because I’m pretty nitpicky.
Carole: That’s very tolerant of you.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* I understand that you didn’t have time to dust and vacuum, but could you at least straighten up the house before our friends come over?

172

areas in apt, building or house which everyone can use - the living room, the kitchen an area in a home or another building that is shared by many people, such as a living room or family room, not a bedroom or bathroom

Felix: His room is really cluttered, but he keeps the .... in passable
condition. I do have to straighten up fairly often, and I sometimes have to pick up
after him, but that’s because I’m pretty nitpicky.
Carole: That’s very tolerant of you.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* They want to buy a home with small bedrooms and large common areas,
because they think that will encourage their teenagers to spend more time with
the family.

173

to have a lot of things, usually unnecessary in small amount of space; with many unnecessary objects in a small space so that it appears disorganized and uncomfortable

Felix: His room is really ....., but he keeps the common areas in passable
condition. I do have to straighten up fairly often, and I sometimes have to pick up
after him, but that’s because I’m pretty nitpicky.
Carole: That’s very tolerant of you.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* The kids’ small bedroom was very cluttered until they got some bins and
baskets to organize the toys and clothing

174

you are not taking car of hair, it is messy, dirty, not combed/brushed;with an uncared-for appearance; looking as if one’s appearance is unimportant; not polished or sophisticated in appearance

Carole: It is beyond me how you and Oscar can be roommates. You’re very tidy
and he’s, well, a slob.
Felix: It’s not always easy, but we’re making it work.
Carole: Isn’t Oscar really messy all the time? Whenever I see him, his clothes are
rumpled and his hair is ....

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* Why would anyone show up for a job interview looking so unkempt?

175

=wrinkled clothes, not smooth; wrinkled; crumpled; not smooth or polished

Carole: It is beyond me how you and Oscar can be roommates. You’re very tidy
and he’s, well, a slob.
Felix: It’s not always easy, but we’re making it work.
Carole: Isn’t Oscar really messy all the time? Whenever I see him, his clothes are
..... and his hair is unkempt.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* Make sure you take the clothes out of the dryer and hang them up right away,
or they’ll be rumpled

176

to cope with a situation, to succeed even though it is difficult; to have something function well; to manage to make
something succeed, especially if it is difficult; means to have something function
well, or to manage to make something succeed, especially if it is difficult:

Carole: It is beyond me how you and Oscar can be roommates. You’re very tidy
and he’s, well, a slob.
Felix: It’s not always easy, but we’re ......
Carole: Isn’t Oscar really messy all the time? Whenever I see him, his clothes are
rumpled and his hair is unkempt.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

“Sales have been lower than expected for the past year, but we’re determined to make it
work.”
* It’s challenging to have my in-laws stay with us each summer, but somehow we
make it work.

177

someone who is disorganized; disorganized, unordered, and dirty, with many objects out of place

Carole: It is beyond me how you and Oscar can be roommates. You’re very tidy
and he’s, well, a slob.
Felix: It’s not always easy, but we’re making it work.
Carole: Isn’t Oscar really .... all the time? Whenever I see him, his clothes are
rumpled and his hair is unkempt.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* Darci won’t let her children go outside to play until they’ve cleaned up their messy rooms.

178

opp.messy to be neat and organized; neat and organized, liking order and knowing where everything is because
one always puts things back where they belong

Carole: It is beyond me how you and Oscar can be roommates. You’re very ....
and he’s, well, a slob.
Felix: It’s not always easy, but we’re making it work.
Carole: Isn’t Oscar really messy all the time? Whenever I see him, his clothes are
rumpled and his hair is unkempt.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* Shelby’s room is very tidy. Her bed is always made and her books are stacked
on the shelf in alphabetical order.

179

it`s impossible/very difficult for me to understand; impossible or someone to understand; too difficult,
complex, or foreign for one to comprehend

Carole: ...... how you and Oscar can be roommates. You’re very tidy
and he’s, well, a slob.
Felix: It’s not always easy, but we’re making it work.
Carole: Isn’t Oscar really messy all the time? Whenever I see him, his clothes are
rumpled and his hair is unkempt.

ESL Podcast 927 – Being Tidy and Messy

* It’s beyond me how you can work two jobs, take care of three kids, and still get
enough sleep each nigh

180

a small device or tool that serves a single purpose, especially if it
seems silly or unimportant

a small device, often electronic or computer-related,
usually that does something very interesting or something new. So, you may get
a new cell phone that you can send text messages on and you can take pictures
and it has a video camera and a microwave oven - that would be a .....
Normally something relatively small, not very big, but something small, and
especially now we use this word to talk about new electronics, such as a new
iPod, for example.

Julia: Oh, look what you’ve done! They’re sold out. But hey, look at that machine
they’re demonstrating. It’s amazing what it can do.
Victor: You don’t need another ridiculous ......that you buy after watching
some rigged demonstration. You know that they never work the same way at
home as they do on TV.

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

Who needs a special gadget for removing the bones from a fish filet?

181

a small device you use to change the channel on TV; a small device with many buttons, used to control a TV,
radio, stereo, or a similar device from a short distance, without connecting cables or wires

Victor: Yeah, and how much use did we get out of that? We have an entire
garage full of steals you just couldn’t resist. That’s why I need to do something
drastic.
Julia: What?
Victor: I’m confiscating that .....!

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* The Hendersons bought a universal remote that lets them control their TV,
cable box, and DVD player more easily.

182

to take smth away from person, usually for legal actions by police; to take something away so that another person cannot have or use it

Victor: Yeah, and how much use did we get out of that? We have an entire
garage full of steals you just couldn’t resist. That’s why I need to do something
drastic.
Julia: What?
Victor: I’m .....that remote!

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* The police confiscated more than 40 pounds of illegal drugs.

183

extreme, severe; extreme; severe; radical; having far reaching consequences; extreme; dramatic; having far-reaching consequences

Victor: Yeah, and how much use did we get out of that? We have an entire
garage full of steals you just couldn’t resist. That’s why I need to do something
.....
Julia: What?
Victor: I’m confiscating that remote!

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* Selling your home just because you don’t want to clean it anymore seems a bit
drastic.
* Surgery is a drastic way to lose weight. Wouldn’t diet and exercise be better?

184

to avoid doing smth; to stop yourself from doing smth; to avoid doing something that one wants to do; to not give into
temptation; to demonstrate a lot of willpower

Victor: Yeah, and how much use did we get out of that? We have an entire
garage full of steals you just couldn’t ...... That’s why I need to do something
drastic.
Julia: What?
Victor: I’m confiscating that remote!

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* William couldn’t resist buying a container of ice cream when he was at the
grocery store even though he is on a diet.

185

smth made to look better than it is, it is not authentic, it is not real; artificial and somehow changed to give someone or something an advantage or a better appearance

Victor: You don’t need another ridiculous gadget that you buy after watching
some ..... demonstration. You know that they never work the same way at
home as they do on TV.
Julia: Some of them do. Remember that machine I bought for washing nuts?
That worked well.

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* The fight was rigged to make the guy in the blue shirt win.
"rigged contest"

186

inferior in quality, not very good in quality;with inferior quality; not as good as other items

Victor: That’s why I have to keep you from calling. You don’t need another piece
of ..... jewelry from the home shopping channel.
Julia: Oh, look what you’ve done! They’re sold out. But hey, look at that machine
they’re demonstrating. It’s amazing what it can do.

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* They’re saving their money to buy a really nice car instead of settling for a
second-rate truck.

187

there are no more left to buy; the goods is out of stock;with all items sold and nothing left for customers to buy; with no items remaining for sale

Victor: That’s why I have to keep you from calling. You don’t need another piece
of second-rate jewelry from the home shopping channel.
Julia: Oh, look what you’ve done! They’re ....... But hey, look at that machine
they’re demonstrating. It’s amazing what it can do.

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* In the days before the hurricane, all the local stores were sold out of flashlights,
bottled water, and canned food.

188

smth made in small quantity; offered for only a short period of time and with only a small
number of something, intended to make something seem more desirable

Victor: You’re watching the home shopping channel and you have the phone in
your hand, which means you’re about to call them and order something. Admit it.
Julia: I just wanted to ask some questions about this amazing item that’s onscreen
right now. It’s 30 percent off if I call within the next eight minutes. Look
how nice it looks on the model. It’s a...... necklace. If I don’t call soon,
they’ll be sold out!

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* The post office issues limited edition stamps in the hopes that collectors will
want to buy more of them.

189

showing on the television right now; shown on TV or a computer; visible on an electronic display

Victor: You’re watching the home shopping channel and you have the phone in
your hand, which means you’re about to call them and order something. Admit it.
Julia: I just wanted to ask some questions about this amazing item that’s ......
right now. It’s 30 percent off if I call within the next eight minutes. Look
how nice it looks on the model. It’s a limited edition necklace. If I don’t call soon,
they’ll be sold out!

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* The toy seemed much larger and more interesting on screen than in real life.

190

a phrase you use to force someone to agree with you, especially if the person does not want to tell the truth; phrase used to force someone to agree with what one has just said,when that person knows it is true, but likes to pretend that it isn’t true, especially if the truth is embarrassing or uncomfortable

Victor: Turn off the TV and put down that phone. I know what you’re about to do.
Julia: I wasn’t going to do anything.
Victor: You’re watching the home shopping channel and you have the phone in
your hand, which means you’re about to call them and order something. ......

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* You want to ask Jenna for a date but are too afraid to, right? Admit it.

191

a practice of buying things at home while watching TV and calling in for an order;the practice of purchasing items from home by learning about them on a TV program and paying for them by providing a credit card number
over the phone

Victor: You’re watching the ..... channel and you have the phone in
your hand, which means you’re about to call them and order something. Admit it.
Julia: I just wanted to ask some questions about this amazing item that’s onscreen
right now. It’s 30 percent off if I call within the next eight minutes. Look
how nice it looks on the model. It’s a limited edition necklace. If I don’t call soon,
they’ll be sold out!

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

* Mariah enjoys home shopping because it lets her avoid the crowds at the mall.

192

to be going to do smth

Victor: Turn off the TV and put down that phone. I know what you’re ......
Julia: I wasn’t going to do anything.
Victor: You’re watching the home shopping channel and you have the phone in
your hand, which means you’re about to call them and order something. Admit it.

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

to be about to do

193

выключить телевизор

Victor: ......the TV and put down that phone. I know what you’re about to do.
Julia: I wasn’t going to do anything.
Victor: You’re watching the home shopping channel and you have the phone in
your hand, which means you’re about to call them and order something. Admit it.

ESL Podcast 982 – Home Shopping

to turn off TV

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