essay plans Flashcards Preview

A Level - Ethics Summary > essay plans > Flashcards

Flashcards in essay plans Deck (34)
Loading flashcards...
1

teleological vs. deontological

focus on Kant vs. situation ethics

teleological, situational vs. deontological, absolutist

love vs. duty

6 props vs. ci

2

Cis always lead to moral decisions

deontological, duty
1st ci
2nd ci

3

Kantian ethics is the most helpful approach to moral decision ,making regarding business ethics

deontological emphasis on duty vs. hedonism, higher/lower pleasures (CSR)

1st ci vs. hedonic calculus (whistleblowing)

2nd ci vs. singer (globalisation)

4

assess aquinas view of conscience

ratio and synderesis
marks us out from other beings
imago dei
fall, however rule of syneresis = orientated to good. have innate knowledge
can get it wrong = apparent gods
must educate reason through church teachings and divine law

conscientia
2 parts of conscience
deriving 2nd p and applying them
consicientia = decision made
prudence

ignorance
vincible
invincible

5

everyone knows what good means

ethical naturalism

emotivism

intuitionism

6

the end justifies thee means

SE

util and bentham

util and mill

7

ethical system with no clear absolute results in antinomianism

NL, reason

Kant, duty

SE, love

8

act vs. rule util/mill vs. bentham

quantity vs. qual

human rights vs. no human rights

act vs. rule, case study

9

consequences > rules

PP vs. HC
CIs vs. 6 props
mill uses both consequences and rules with weak rule

10

success I achieving telos is best basis

NL, telos with god
kant and duty, achieving duty
SE, achieving love

11

double effect and justifying euthanasia?

act cannot be bad in itself

good consequences must outweigh bad

proportionately good reason to permit evil act

12

deontological vs/ teleological

general kant vs. general situation
reason vs love
PPs vs. 6 props

13

kant = ben approach to business

deontological/reason vs. teleo/pleasure
1st ci vs. HC
2nd CI vs. Singer

14

companies have no duty to be ethical

friedman
CSR
globalisation and externalities

15

CSR is meaningless

friedman
reputation
duty to recognise impact of business, externalities

16

capitalism can only lead to evil

globalisation. can but should recognise duty and externalities
friedman, trickle down economics
CSR

17

good ethics = useless for business

friedman

CSR, better reputation

USP, positive financial impact

18

globalisation can only be good

free market economy, stimulates trade (h.. wage gap)
interdependency, spread of new ideas (h... externalities)
cheap labour (h... exploitation)

19

sanctity of life is most important

sofL
bible
aquinas

q of l
singer
flecther

personhood
selling
warren

20

a person should have autonomy over life

quality of life, singer/mill
weak sanctity of life, flether
personhood, warren

21

sanctity of life has no relevance

strong sofl, bible, rcc, aquinas
weak sofl, fletcher
q of l is best

22

love is most important, yes

SE, personhood and love
NL, sofl, reason
QofL, love, singer

23

NL is too inflexible for Ruth

deontological and reason
double effect
PP

24

passive is the same as active

no, SofL, RCC, double effect
yes, weak sofL
yes, qofl/persohood

25

sofl vs. qofl

general

nl vs. se

case study

26

conscience is nothing but superego

freud

aquinas

fromm is mid way

27

aquinas vs. freud

conscience = derive from reason. verb. syndereiss/conscientia vs. does to exist, super ego, reflection of upbringing

guilt
prudence, ignorance vs. father figure, guilt follows us in adulthood due to fear of authority

god, ratio, god given vs. no god, sex. prehistoric ancestors e.g. primal horde. psychosexual stages, fixations

28

RE views on sexual ethics are outdate

homo
general synod
lev 20

preamrital
cofe John sentamu

extramarital
ex 20
natural law

29

SE and sexual ethics

teleological vs. NL deont (extramarital)
love vs. pleasure (premarital)
props vs. cis (homo)

30

NL and sexual ethics

deontology vs. teleological, fletcher (extramarital)
reason and nature vs. Bentham and mill (homo)
PPs vs. CIs (premarital)