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A Level - Ethics Summary > Natural Law > Flashcards

Flashcards in Natural Law Deck (10)
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1

Aristotle influence

- rational and material in world. soul is unchanging.
- distinctive human quality is reason
- eudaemonia, purpose. e.g. eye
- great souled man

2

aquinas - basis for NL

perfection of creation cos god created it and bible says its good
4 laws: divine, natural, eternal, human

3

reason

- gen 1:27
- interpret NL
- rationality based on telos
- fall, education of conscience
- absolutist
- cardinal virtues (prudence, justice)

4

conditions to justify double effect

act must not be evil in itself
good outcome must outweigh the bad

5

supporters of NL

John finnis - methodological requirements e.g. pursuit of goods. have knowledge of absolutes e..g no torture, no means to an end

Pope Benedict - counterbalance to hedonistic materialism

hugo Grotius - can be applicable to atheists if they remove god (h, Hamilton)

6

criticisms

aug, luther - reason

karl Barth - limits god's grace

nielsen - people are diff

vardy - can't apply broad to specific complex situations

hume - naturalistic fallacy

7

telos

Aristotle eudaimonia
4 causes
use reason to discern
real goods = in line with telos. misuse of reason = apparent goods

8

para ideas

deontological
reason, cardinal viruses
telos and PP

9

intro

distinction between nl and NL

aquinas - sees it as religious

cicero 'Natural law is right reason in agreement with Nature;

10

PP

ordered society
reproduction
edication
worship of god
preservation of life

use these to derive SP. more flexible.