Flashcards in Essential Units 22-28 Deck (72):
To spread out
The idea of equality and liberty diffused through society after the French Revolution.
Act of straying from the main point
The novel Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance by Robert M. Contain many fascinating digressions from the main story that discuss topics such as platonic philosophy.
The music critic described the movement of the symphony portraying the here's last days as dirge like.
To free from a misconception
The chairman of the federal reserve used his testimony before congress to disabuse his audience of the idea that the business cycle had been eliminated by the unprecedented period of prosperity.
Perceptive; exhibiting keen insight and good judgement.
To make uneasy; disconcert
The young man was discomfited being the only male in the play.
Not in tune
To dishonor; disgrace; cause to be doubted.
The book studies the discrepancy between x and y.
Constituting a separate thing; distinct
Like the physicist, the abstract artist strives to identify the discrete elements of reality and to understand how they interact.
Quality of showing of self-restraint in speech or actions; circumspection; freedom to act on ones own.
Gentlemen are expected to behave with discretion.
Not candid; crafty
Shyness; lack of confidence
As a result of the strength of his opposition to the Vietnam War Senator Eugene Mcarthy overcame his diffidence and ran against President Lyndon Johnson for the Democratic nomination for president.
Lacking order or coherence; dislocated
The technique of telling a story through a disjointed narrative is a brilliant technique.
To put away from consideration; reject
Philosophy is sometimes disparaged as an intellectual game.
Many tech projects are interdisciplinary, requiring a knowledge of fields as disparate as physics and biology.
Disparity (noun) - unequal or unlike
To pretend; disguise ones motives
I believe you are dissembling. I want you to tell me the truth.
To spread; scatter; disperse
The belief of reincarnation disseminated all over India.
Person who disagrees about beliefs
Some of the most notorious concentration camps in history were the gulag camps used by the Soviet Union to control dissidents.
Some philosophers maintain that the dissolution of the body does not mean the destruction of the mind.
Discord; lack of harmony
In psychology, the term cognitive dissonance refers to a conflict between ones beliefs and ones actions.
To expand; swell out
People in an advanced stage of starvation often have distended bellies.
Extract the essential elements
He managed to distill the essence of leading thinkers like Martin Luther king.
In attentive; preoccupied
The chairperson became distrait because his secretary was not sitting in her usual position on his right.
To vary; go in different directions from the same point
The two roads diverged in a wood.
To strip; deprive; rid
The candidate for secretary of defense pledged to divest himself of the shares he held in defense-related companies.
To make known something that is secret
Relating to a person who cannot compromise about points of a theory or doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding
To provide with written evidence to support
Stating options without proof
Dogma is the noun
Religious dogma specifies a time of the birth of creation.
Waste; worthless matter; trivial matter
One of the ways the dross among blogs on the internet are filtered out from the worthwhile ones is through links good blogs provide to other good blogs.
Dupe (v) to deceive; trick
In friendship, as well as in love, the mind is often duped by the heart.
The ebullient candidate for president appeared before his supporters to announce that he had won in a landslide.
Selecting from various sources
State of high spirits or liveliness; the process of bulb ing as has escapes
Effervescence occurs when hydrochloride acid is added to a block of limestone.
Depleted of vitality; over refined; decadent
In 1960, the Vice President denounced people protesting against the Vietnam war, said this was encouraged by "an effete corps of impudent snobs who characterized themselves as intellectuals."
Shameless boldness; presumptuousness
In her essay the student had the effrontery to argue that school is largely a waste of time
The tendency to see things in relation to oneself; self-centeredness
The beginning of philosophy has been described as a moving away from egoism to an understanding of the larger world.
Excessively self centered; conceited
The critics accused the writer of being egotistical since she wrote only about herself.
Poem or song expressing lamentation (grief)
Elicit (v) to provoke; draw out
The Socratic method is designed to elicit responses that guide the student toward understanding.
A substance believed to have the power to cute all ills
Thin and wasted
The prisoner was Emaciated.
To adorn; decorate; enhance; make more attractive by adding details.
The story he wrote was so powerful there was no need to embellish it.
The politician's speech is filled with emollient phrases to make his message more palatable.
Emollient is also a noun that means an agent that soothes it makes acceptable .
Derived from observation or experiment
Empiricism is a noun meaning the view that experience is the only source of knowledge.
To imitate; copy
Bionics uses technology to emulate nature, but sometimes a similar process occurs in reverse, in which scientists use technology as a heuristic tool to better understand natural processes.
serving to indicate or point out; stimulating interest as a means of furthering investigation.
encouraging a person to learn, discover, understand, or solve problems on his or her own, as by experimenting, evaluating possible answers or solutions, or by trial and error: a heuristic teaching method.
of, relating to, or based on experimentation, evaluation, or trial-and-error methods.
A formal expression of praise
The prime minister asked her speechwriter to compose an encomienda for the retiring general.
Inherent; belonging to an area
Malaria, once endemic to the area, has now been largely eradicated.
During World War 2 Russian commanders counted on the bitter cold to enervate German soldiers invading their country.
To cause; produce
Freudians believe that the traumatic events of infancy often engender repression that creates neuroses
To increase; improve
The scientific study of insects
To pronounce clearly
Kurt Cobain was an ephemeral phenomena.
Branch of philosophy that examines the nature of knowledge
Steady; unvarying; serene
Throughout the crisis the president remained equable
Fair, just it impartial
Emergency room doctors and nurses are trained to maintain their equanimity when treating patients.
To intentionally use vague language
The businessperson has earned a reputation as someone who never equivocates and can be trusted to do exactly what he promises.
The noun is equivocation
Mistaken; straying from the proper course
The pitchers errant fastball struck the batter on the shoulder.
He is one of the most erudite people I have ever met.
Hard to understand; known only to a few
He has a plethora of esoteric statistics that really helped this company.
To make an attempt; subject to a test
The composer began to work on a sonata, a form she had not previously essayed.