Essential Units 35-41 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Essential Units 35-41 Deck (43):
1

Fractious

Fractious (adj)

Quarrelsome; unruly; rebellious

In an effort to unify their divided party, it's leaders decided to first placate the party's most fractious elements.

2

Placate

Placate (Transitive Verb)

to cause (someone) to feel less angry about something

Placater (n)

3

Fresco

Fresco (n)

A painting done on plaster

The Italian Renaissance was the greatest period of fresco painting, as seen in the work of artists such as Michelangelo, Raphael and Giotto.

4

Frieze

Frieze (n)

Ornamental band on a wall

One of the best-known friezes, on the outer wall of the Parthenon in Athens, is a 525- foot depiction, of the panathenaic procession honoring Athena.

5

Froward

Froward (adj)

Stubbornly contrary; obstinately disobedient

The teacher had no choice but to send the froward child to the vice-principal for disciplining.

6

Unprecedented

Unprecedented (adj)

Not done or experienced before

7

Presumptive (adj)

Presumptive

Based on probability

Given grounds for reasonable belief

8

Fracas

Fracas (n)

A loud quarrel; brawl

The police were called in to break up a fracas that had erupted in the bar.


Fracases

9

Frugality

Frugality (n)

Thrift

Efficient spending; budgeting

In these days of credit card and installment plan buying. Frugality seems to have become a rarely practiced virtue.

10

Fulminate

Fulminate (v)

To attack loudly; denounce

The senator fulminated against what he termed "foreign meddling in America's business."

11

Fulsome

Fulsome (adj)

So excessive as to be disgusting

The actor was embarrassed by the fulsome praise he received after winning the academy award for best actor.

12

Fusion

Fusion (adj)

Union; synthesis

A hydrogen bomb requires tremendous heat to trigger the fusion reaction, which is provided by the detonation of a fission bomb.

13

Futile

Futile (adj)

Ineffective; useless; fruitless

To some non-philosophers, the discipline seems frivolous and futile because it produces no tangible benefits.

14

Ignominy

Ignominy

noun
: a situation or event that causes you to feel ashamed or embarrassed

Disgraced

15

Garble

Garble (v)

to cause (a word, name, message, etc.) to be unclear or confusing

16

Moribund

Moribund

no longer active or effective : close to failure
: very sick : close to death

17

Moribund

: no longer active or effective : close to failure
: very sick : close to death

18

Gainsay

Gainsay (v)

To deny; dispute; oppose

No one can gainsay the fact that she put great effort into the project.

19

Gambol

Gambol (v)

To frolic; leap playfully

The children gamboled on the lawn while their parents ate lunch.

20

Garrulous

Garrulous (adj)

Very talkative: wordy

The garrulous houseguest made it difficult for us to get much work done on the project.

21

Gauche

Gauche (adj)

Coarse and the uncouth: clumsy

What is considered gauche in one culture might not be considered gauche in another culture: for example, burping is considered rude in America but is acceptable in China.

22

Geniality

Geniality (n)

Cheerfulness: kindness: sociability

Hosts of television talk shows are generally people who possess a great deal of geniality.

23

Gerrymander

Gerrymander (v)

To divide an area into voting districts in a way that favors a political party.

An argument against the practice of gerrymandering is that it tends to make it difficult for the party that is out of power to regain power.

24

Glib

Glib (adj)

Fluent in an insincere way; offhand

Sharon's parents were not satisfied by her glib explanation of why she had not been able to study for the exam.

25

Goad

Goad (v)

To prod; urge on

Goaded by his friends into trying out for the football team as a walk on. Jeff went on to become an all-American linebacker.

26

Gossamer

Gossamer (adj)

Sheer; light and delicate, like cobwebs

Some experts in NASA believe that what they call a gigantic "gossamer spacecraft" could be constructed in space with light weight material.

27

Gouge

Gouge (v)

To tear out; scoop out; overcharge

28

Rococo

Rococo (n)

Fanciful but graceful asymmetric ornamentation in art and architecture that originated in France.

29

Unequivocal

Unequivocal (adj)

Admitting of no doubt or misunderstanding; clearly defined

30

Germane

Germane (adj)

Relevant and appropriate

31

Grandiloquent

Grandiloquent (adj)

Pompous; bombastic

The orator abandoned grandiloquent phrases and instead uses simple and direct language.

32

Gregarious

Gregarious (adj)

Sociable

A recent anthropological theory is that human beings are gregarious creatures that are comfortable living in groups of around 150 individuals.

33

Grouse

Grouse (v)

To complain

Instead of grousing about the policy, do something about it: write to your congressional representative.

34

Guileless

Guileless (adj)

Free of cunning or deceit; artless

One of the charms of the novel is that the guileless hero manages to defeat the scheming villain.

35

Guise

Guise (n)

Outward appearance; false appearance; pretense

In Greek mythology, the god Zeus often appeared with such guises as a animals.

36

Gullible

Gullible (adj)

Easily deceived

37

Gustatory

Gustatory (adj)

Affecting the sense of taste

According to scientists, our gustatory senses depends to a large extent on our olfactory sense.

38

Halcyon

Halcyon (adj)

Calm and peaceful; happy; golden; prosperous

The movie evokes the halcyon years immediately after world war 2 when America was at peace and the economy was booming.

39

Hallowed

Hallowed (adj)

Holy; sacred

40

Harangue

Harangue (noun)

Long, pompous speech; tirade

The football team sat silently listening to their coaches half time hantavirus about poor tackling, dropped passes and lost opportunities to score.

41

Harrowing

Harrowing (adj)

Extremely distressing; terrifying

The journey "inward" to explore the unconscious mind has been described as more harrowing than the most dangerous voyage to explore the earth.

42

Herbivorous

Herbivorous (adj)

Relating to a herbivore, an animal that feeds mainly on plants

43

Hermetic

Hermetic (adj)

Tightly sealed; magical

Scholars have traced many of the hermetic traditions of Ancient Greece to Egypt.